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1.
Multi-method study of the Roman quarry at Podpeč sedimentary succession and stone products
Rok Brajkovič, Luka Gale, Bojan Djurić, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The paper presents a multi-method characterisation of the Roman quarry of the middle Lower Jurassic (Pliensbachian) limestone situated in the village of Podpeč, south of Ljubljana, and examples of the placement of stone products made from micritic, fine-grained, and oolithic facies into the known extent of the quarry. 23 m of the rock succession from the ancient quarry was exposed at the northern tip of the St. Ana Hill by archaeological trenching. Petrological, micropaleontological, mineralogical, geochemical, and isotopic analyses of carbon, oxygen, and strontium were performed in order to characterise the rocks exploited in the quarry. Additionally, a new detailed geological map of the wider Podpeč area was prepared, which defines in detail the lithostratigraphic units in the area.
Ključne besede: Lower Jurassic, Podbukovje Formation, provenance, facies, foraminifera, geochemistry, Emona, geoarchaeology
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 27.07.2022; Ogledov: 58; Prenosov: 33
.pdf Celotno besedilo (6,47 MB)

2.
Addendum to Diercks et al., 2021: A model for the formation of the Pradol (Pradolino) dry valley in W Slovenia and NE Italy
Manuel Diercks, Christoph Grützner, Marko Vrabec, Kamil Ustaszewski, 2022, pregledni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: In our paper Diercks et al. (2021) we presented geomorphological data and field observations from W Slovenia and NE Italy to develop a model for the formation of the Pradolino (slov. Pradol) dry valley. After publication we were kindly pointed to existing studies on the area that we were unaware of. To fill that gap and to properly credit previous work, in this addendum we summarise the research history on the study area and briefly compare earlier views with our model.
Ključne besede: wind gap, LGM, erosion, bedrock incision, Pradol
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 27.07.2022; Ogledov: 116; Prenosov: 31
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,28 MB)

3.
Rare earth elements and yttrium in cold mineral and thermal (~30-60 °C) waters from Tertiary aquifers in the Mura Basin, north-eastern Slovenia: a review
Polona Kralj, 2022, pregledni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Cold mineral and thermal waters from Tertiary aquifers in the Mura Basin mainly belong to the Ca-(Mg)-(Na)-HCO3 and Na-HCO3 hydrogeochemical facies, respectively, and the concentrations of yttrium (Y) and lanthanides or rare earth elements (REEs) are far below (10-2 – 10-4) the abundances in the aquifer sediments. Mineral waters are high pCO2, and the plots of concentrations of YREEs normalised to Post Archean Australian Shale (PAAS) show fractionation of Y and heavy REEs (HREEs) over light REEs (LREEs), and a significant positive europium (Eu) anomaly. Thermal water from regionally developed aquifer Thermal I (recently also termed the Mura/Ujfalu Formation aquifer) shows a similar PAAS-normalised pattern with an obvious positive Eu anomaly and the tendency of enrichment with middle REEs (MREEs). The plots of PAAS-normalised YREE concentrations in thermal waters from the underlying low-permeability aquifers with poorly developed fracture porosity and abundant CO2 are flat with insignificant positive Eu anomaly. The abundance and fractionation of YREEs in mineral and thermal waters seems to be mainly controlled by the presence of carbonate complexing ligands, permeability of the aquifers and the related time of water-rock interaction.
Ključne besede: rare earth elements, Yttrium, mineral waters, thermal waters, well cycling, Mura Basin
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 27.07.2022; Ogledov: 54; Prenosov: 21
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,15 MB)

4.
Carbon isotopic composition of methane and its origin in natural gas from the Petišovci-Dolina oil and gas field (Pannonian Basin System, NE Slovenia) – a preliminary study
Miloš Markič, Tjaša Kanduč, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The carbon isotopic composition of methane (δ13CCH4) in natural gas from the Petišovci-Dolina oil and gas field (NE Slovenia) was measured for the first time in August and September 2021. The gas samples from different depths were taken from three wells: Dolina-deep (Pg-6) from the depth interval 3102–3104 m, Petišovci-deep (Pg-5) from the depth interval 2772–2795 m, and Petišovci-shallow (D-5) from the depth interval 1212–1250 m. According to the available composition dataset of gas, available from the Petrol Geo d.o.o. documentation, the “deep” gases sampled from the Pg-6 and Pg-5 wells consist of 85 % methane (C1), 11 % hydrocarbons heavier than methane (C2–C6) and 4 % CO2. The “shallow” gas from well D-5 contains more than 89 % methane, up to 11 % C2–C6 gases, while the CO2 content is negligible. The “deep« gas from the Pg-6 and Pg-5 wells has δ13CCH4 -36.7 ‰ and -36.6 ‰, respectively, while the “shallow” gas from the D-5 well has the δ13CCH4 of -38.6 ‰. The methane from the “shallow” gas is slightly enriched in the lighter 12C isotope. δ13CCH4 in the range from -38.6 to -36.6 ‰ clearly indicates the thermogenic origin of methane formed during the catagenesis phase of gas formation.
Ključne besede: Petišovci-Dolina, gas, methane, isotopes, origin
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 26.07.2022; Ogledov: 58; Prenosov: 22
.pdf Celotno besedilo (724,51 KB)

5.
Comparison of mapping efficiency for small datasets using inverse distance weighting vs. moving average, Northern Croatia Miocene hydrocarbon reservoir
Josip Ivšinović, Tomislav Malvić, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Mapping of geological variables in the Croatian part of the Pannonian Basin System (CPBS) is mostly based on small input datasets. In the case of the analyzed hydrocarbon field "B", reservoir "K", due to the complex geological structure and pronounced tectonics, the interpretations are restricted on several blocks, where each has very limited dataset. The porosity (19 data) and permeability (18 data) variables were analyzed. The applied interpolation methods are the Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) and the Moving Average (MA). They were compared and analyzed by visual inspection of the obtained maps, comparison of mathematical background and by calculation of cross-validation (CV). The cross-validation value for the porosity of the "K" reservoir in the case of IDW application is 0.0011, and in the case of MA 0.0010; while in the case of permeability the IDW is 480.84, and in the case of MA 1346.41. According to the visual review of maps, the values of descriptive statistics of estimated values and the results of cross-validation, the IDW method is recommended for mapping the porosity and permeability of reservoirs blocks in the Sava Depression.
Ključne besede: Sava depression, Croatia, interpolation, hydrocarbon reservoirs, mapping spatial comparison
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 26.07.2022; Ogledov: 56; Prenosov: 30
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,52 MB)

6.
Terminologies and characteristics of natural mineral and thermal waters in selected European countries
Daniel Elster, Teodóra Szőcs, Nóra Gál, Birgitte Hansen, Denitza D. Voutchkova, Jörg Schullehner, Julie Lions, Lucio Martarelli, Elena Giménez-Forcada, José Angel Díaz-Muñoz, Eline Malcuit, Gerhard Schubert, Gerhard Hobiger, Nina Rman, 2022, pregledni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: This study discusses 1) the national legislative frameworks, terminologies, and criteria for the recognition of natural mineral waters and thermal waters in selected European countries (Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Denmark, France, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, and Spain), and 2) it provides a first extensive multi-national overview of hydrogeological and hydrogeochemical characteristics of numerous water sources from those regions.
Ključne besede: hydrogeology, regulatory framework, hydrogeochemical composition, natural mineral water, thermal water, Europe
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 26.07.2022; Ogledov: 53; Prenosov: 19
.pdf Celotno besedilo (10,31 MB)

7.
Pyrite with lower cubic symmetry from Lavrion, Greece
Mirjan Žorž, Panagiotis Voudouris, Branko Rieck, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: V tej študiji smo preučili morfološke, kemijske in strukturne podrobnosti tetraedrsko oblikovanih kristalov pirita iz rudnika Jean Baptiste v Lavrionu. Pirit se pojavlja v treh generacijah. Prvo predstavljajo tetraedrski levo oziroma desno sučni kristali z najnižjo kubično 23 simetrijo. V tej generaciji so dvojčki z višjo kubično m_3 in heksagonalno 6 simetrijo. Vsi kristali druge generacije so že primarno zdvojčeni do kubične_4m3 simetrije. Nekateri pa se dvojčijo še naprej dokler ne dosežejo najvišje kubične m_3m ali heksagonalne 6mm simetrije. Kristali tretje generacije neorientirano prekrivajo kristale druge generacije. Kemijska analiza potrjuje kemijsko čist pirit, monokristalna rentgenska analiza kristalov prve in druge generacije pa za pirit značilno m_3 simetrijo. Očitno je torej, da morfološke oblike posameznih kristalov in dvojčkov kažejo na to, da imajo najnižjo kubično simetrijo, česar pa strukturna analiza ne potrjuje. Ta diskrepanca je lahko posledica spremenjenih pT pogojev in posledične transformacije prvotne strukture pirita s simetrijo 23 v sekundarno strukturo z m_3 simetrijo ali pa neoptimalnih pogojev pri določitvi strukture z rentgensko difrakcijo.
Ključne besede: Lavrion, pyrite, morphology, tetrahedral crystals, twins, point group 23, crystal structure
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 26.07.2022; Ogledov: 61; Prenosov: 31
.pdf Celotno besedilo (18,77 MB)

8.
Low-grade metamorphic rocks of the Tethys subduction–collision zone in the Medvednica Mt. (NW Croatia)
Mirko Belak, Damir Slovenec, Tea Kolar-Jurkovšek, Vesnica Garašić, Zoltán Pécskay, Darko Tibljaš, Ivan Mišur, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The low-grade metasedimentary rocks of Medvednica Mt. (Northwest Croatia) are associated with ortho-greenschists (metabasalts). The Lower to Upper Triassic age of the protolith of the low-grade metamorphic rocks belonging to the Stari Potok, Adolfovac, Tusti Breg, Bliznec, Mrzljak, and Sljeme lithostratigraphic units is determined on the basis of conodonts and field relationships. The metamorphic age of the Triassic metasedimentary rocks from the Risnjak lithostratigraphic units is assumed to be Jurassic. Petrographic and geochemical analyses of ortho-greenschists point to a tholeiite basic magmatic protolith rock having T-MORB (transitional midocean-ridge basalt) characteristics. The ortho-greenschists of the Sljeme lithostratigraphic unit underwent retrograde metamorphism and show metamorphic zoning from the epidote–amphibolite facies to the lower parts of the greenschist facies. However, the greenschists of the Tusti Breg and Bliznec units are characterized by prograde metamorphism ranging from lower to higher greenschist facies. This metamorphism is associated with Jurassic subduction (165–150 Ma) and closure of the Western Tethys. Retrograde metamorphism took place during the collision of the Adriatic and Eurasian plates in the Lower Cretaceous (125–110 Ma).
Ključne besede: Mt. Medvednica, greenschists, prograde–retrograde metamorphism, T-MORB, subduction–collision, Western Tethys
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 25.07.2022; Ogledov: 33; Prenosov: 17
.pdf Celotno besedilo (9,87 MB)

9.
Kamnolom apnenca v Podpeči pri Ljubljani in njegovi izdelki
Bojan Djurić, Luka Gale, Rok Brajkovič, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Kamnolom v naselju Podpeč pri Ljubljani velja za glavni kamnolom rimske kolonije Emone (Ljubljana). Obstoj antič-nega kamnoloma v Podpeči je bil do sedaj utemeljen le na podlagi makroskopske podobnosti med Členom litiotidnega apnenca, ki izdanja v Podpeči, in z njim povezanimi rimskimi spomeniki, odkritimi v Ljubljani. V okviru pričujočega dela smo skušali poiskati oprijemljive arheološke in geoarheološke dokaze za njegov obstoj. V skrajno severnem delu kamnoloma smo izvedli arheološko sondiranje, hkrati pa natančno določili sestavo apnenca na tem območju in v 288 izdelkih iz antične Emone. Sondiranje severno od modernega kamnoloma je odkrilo dobro ohranjene sledove rimsko-dobne kamnoseške dejavnosti. Hkrati je litološka analiza spomenikov iz Emone razkrila, da je kar 182 (ali 64 odstotkov) analiziranih spomenikov izdelanih iz apnenca, litološko identičnega različkom, ki izdanjajo v Podpeči. Ti različki se prostorsko grupirajo severno od modernega kamnoloma. Pri tem sicer ostaja odprto vprašanje pripadnosti nekaterih različkov apnenca v izdelkih, ki so brez diagnostičnih komponent in bi lahko pripadali tudi nekoliko starejšemu Členu krkinega apnenca. Rekonstrukcijo obsega starega kamnoloma omogoča primerjava faciesov izvornih litostratigrafskih enot in izdelkov, pa tudi historična analiza zgodnjih kartografskih in katastrskih dokumentov. Analiza najzgodnejših izdelkov je omogočila hipotezo o prihodu kamnosekov iz kamnoloma v Nabrežini.
Ključne besede: Slovenija, Podpeč, Emona, rimska doba, litiotidni apnenec, mikrofaciesna analiza, rimski in novoveški kamnolom, izdelki
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 21.07.2022; Ogledov: 46; Prenosov: 23
.pdf Celotno besedilo (28,23 MB)

10.
Synoptic risk assessment of groundwater contamination from landfills
Sonja Cerar, Luka Serianz, Katja Koren, Joerg Prestor, Nina Mali, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Waste management in Europe has improved in recent years, reducing the amount of waste disposed at landfills. However, there are still many landfills in the countries. It is well known that landfills that do not have measures in place to control leachate entering groundwater can contaminate groundwater long after the landfill is closed. Collecting monitoring results from all landfills allows permitting and management agencies to improve action plans. This relies on a synoptic risk assessment that allows prioritization and milestones to be set for required actions. The developed method of synoptic risk assessment is based on a conceptual model of the landfill and the results of chemical groundwater monitoring tested at 69 landfills in Slovenia. The study confirms that most landfills have a direct or indirect impact on groundwater quality. All landfills were classified into three priority classes on the basis of the synoptic risk assessment. The results show that a total of 24 landfills have a clearly pronounced impact on groundwater. A total of 31 landfills have a less pronounced impact due to the favorable natural attenuation capacity of the soil or the technically appropriate design of the landfill itself. A total of 14 landfills have a less pronounced or negligible impact on groundwater.
Ključne besede: conceptual model, synoptic risk assessment, landfill, groundwater, chemical analysis
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 19.07.2022; Ogledov: 62; Prenosov: 45
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,09 MB)
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