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Naslov:Dietary acid load but not Mediterranean diet adherence score is associated with metabolic and cardiovascular health state : ǂa ǂpopulation observational study from Northern Italy
Avtorji:Sanz, Juana Maria (Avtor)
Sergi, Domenico (Avtor)
Colombari, Simona (Avtor)
Capatti, Eleonora (Avtor)
Situlin, Roberta (Avtor)
Biolo, Gianni (Avtor)
Di Girolamo, Filippo Giorgio (Avtor)
Lazzer, Stefano (Avtor)
Šimunič, Boštjan (Avtor)
Pišot, Rado (Avtor)
Passaro, Angelina (Avtor)
Jezik:Angleški jezik
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:Logo ZRS Koper - Znanstveno-raziskovalno središče Koper / Centro di Ricerche Scientifiche Capodistria
Povzetek:Diet plays a pivotal role in shaping the trajectory of chronic diseases. In this regard, the Mediterranean diet has been widely shown to exert beneficial effects on cardiometabolic health. On the contrary, the Western diet, which has also been reported to be an acidogenic dietary pattern, elicits detrimental effects on both metabolic and cardiovascular (CV) health. However, the role of dietary acid load (DAL) as a predictor of cardiometabolic prognosis remains to be elucidated. Thus, this study aims to compare Mediterranean diet adherence (MDA) and DAL focusing on their relationship with metabolic and CV prognosis. A total of 448 individuals aged 55–80 years were grouped depending on their MDA, assessed using food frequency questionnaires, or DAL, evaluated using potential renal load acid (PRAL) and net-endogenous acid production (NEAP). Study participants underwent anthropometric and biochemical measurements. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) prevalence was evaluated according to the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III. Finally, the CV risk was evaluated using three independent algorithms: atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), European Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE), and Cuore risk scores. Mediterranean diet adherence was negatively associated with PRAL and NEAP. Individuals in the higher MDA tertile group had higher HDL cholesterol as well as lower homeostasis model assessment index (HOMA-IR) and fat mass relative to the lowest MDA tertile. However, in the high-MDA tertile group, there was neither a significantly lower MetS prevalence nor CV risk. Instead, both the MetS prevalence and CV risk were higher in individuals in the higher acid PRAL quartile relative to the lower alkaline PRAL quartile. Dietary acid load, especially assessed using PRAL but not MDA, was associated with indices of metabolic and CV prognosis. Thus, DAL assessed by 24-h dietary recalls may represent a better predictor of cardiometabolic health if compared to MDA evaluated using food frequency questionnaires.
Ključne besede:Mediterranean diet, dietary acid load, alkaline diet, acidic diet, metabolic syndrome, cradiovascular risk score
Leto izida:2022
UDK:613.2:616.1
ISSN pri članku:2296-861X
COBISS_ID:108322563 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
DOI:10.3389/fnut.2022.828587 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Opombe:Nasl. z nasl. zaslona; Soavtorji: Domenico Sergi, Simona Colombari, Eleonora Capatti, Roberta Situlin, Gianni Biolo, Filippo Giorgio Di Girolamo, Stefano Lazzer, Boštjan Šimunič, Rado Pišot, Angelina Passaro; Opis vira z dne 19. 5. 2022;
Število ogledov:79
Število prenosov:58
Datoteke:.pdf PDF - Predstavitvena datoteka, prenos (522,54 KB)
URL URL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2022.828587
 
Nadgradivo:Front. nutr.
Frontiers Media S.A.
 
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Avtorske pravice:© 2022 Sanz, Sergi, Colombari, Capatti, Situlin, Biolo, Di Girolamo, Lazzer, Šimunič, Pišot and Passaro
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Gradivo je financirano iz projekta

Številka projekta:CB147
Naslov:Telesna aktivnost in prehrana za kakovostno staranje
Akronim:PANGeA

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:26.04.2022

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