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Iskalni niz: "ključne besede" (habitat use) .

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Contrasting responses of alien and ancient forest indicator plant species to fragmentation process in the temperate lowland forests
Mirjana Šipek, Lado Kutnar, Aleksander Marinšek, Nina Šajna, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Fragmentation is one of the major threats to biodiversity. In a fragmented landscape, forest specialists are losing suitable forest habitats with specific site and microclimate conditions, which results in their local extinction. Conversely, the invasion of alien species is facilitated by open forest areas and increased boundaries between forest fragments and adjacent land. We studied the effect of fragmentation in terms of fragment size impact on overall plant species richness and on selected ecologically important groups' richness, composition, and diversity. We surveyed vegetation in the interior of 47 fragments of various sizes and one unfragmented reference forest. Our results reveal that the effect of fragmentation is complex and differs for studied plant groups. Decreasing fragment size negatively affects the overall plant richness and richness of native and ancient forest indicator plants as well as their diversity, while the effect is positive for alien plants. The highest proportion of ancient forest indicator plant species and the lowest proportion of alien plants in the unfragmented forest underline the great conservation value of forest fragments. At the same time, our results reveal that large and diverse forest ecosystems are susceptible to biological invasions as well.
Ključne besede: forest fragment, indicator plants, invasion, diversity, habitat modification, habitat conservation
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 15.05.2023; Ogledov: 113; Prenosov: 62
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,16 MB)
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Interakcija između efekata genetskestrukture i stanišnih uslova narast zelene duglazije u testovimaprovenijencija u Bosni i Hercegovini
Mirzeta Memišević Hodžić, Dalibor Ballian, Emina Šehović, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco) is the most important and most productive species in Eu-rope, outside its natural range. This study aimed to examine the presence of interaction between the effects of the genetic structure of provenances from the United States and Canada and three localities of provenan-ce tests in Bosnia and Herzegovina.For this research, we measured diameters at breast height of all trees, and heights of 10 trees per provenance in three tests of Douglas fir at the age of plants 32 years. Four provenances are represented in all three tests and additional two provenances in two tests. We examined the variance between provenances and habitats using multivariate analysis, for four provenances in all three habitats, and six provenances in two habitats (Bo-sanska Gradiška and Zavidovići).Multivariate analysis of variance for four provenances at all three localities showed that there were no stati-stically significant differences in diameters at breast height and heights caused by the interaction of provenan-ces x localities. Multivariate analysis for six joint provenances at Bosanska Gradiška and Zavidovići tests showed that there were no statistically significant differences for diameter at breast height caused by interac-tion locality x provenance, and there were statistically significant differences caused by interactions of locality x provenances for height.The obtained results can be used for the introduction of Douglas fir on predefined habitats that correspond to the conditions of the experimental plots, as well as for the selection of the best provenances for raising clone plantations or seed plantations
Ključne besede: Douglas fir, provenances, interaction provenance x habitat
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 08.03.2023; Ogledov: 164; Prenosov: 72
.pdf Celotno besedilo (503,21 KB)
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Selected microhabitat and surface temperatures of two sympatric lizard species
Anamarija Žagar, Veronica Gomes, Neftali Sillero, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: lizards, habitat use, thermoregulation, interspecific interaction, competition
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 13.02.2023; Ogledov: 226; Prenosov: 137
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,20 MB)
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Assessing the heterogeneity and conservation status of the Natura 2000 priority forest habitat type Tilio–Acerion (9180*) based on field mapping
Janez Kermavnar, Erika Kozamernik, Lado Kutnar, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Priority habitat types (HTs) within the Natura 2000 network are of the highest importance for conservation in Europe. However, they often occur in smaller areas and their conservation status is not well understood. One such HT is that of the Tilio–Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines (9180*). The Natura 2000 study site, Boč–Haloze–Donačka gora, in the Sub-Pannonian region of eastern Slovenia is characterized by a matrix of European beech forests and includes rather small, fragmented areas covered by Tilio–Acerion forests. The goal of this research was to examine the heterogeneity and conservation status of the selected HT through field mapping, which was performed in the summer of 2020. As the conservation of HT calls for a more detailed approach, we distinguished between the following four pre-defined habitat subtypes: (i) Acer pseudoplatanus-Ulmus glabra stands growing mostly in concave terrain, (ii) Fraxinus excelsior stands growing on slopes, (iii) Tilia sp. stands with thermophilous broadleaves occurring on ridges and slopes, (iv) Acer pseudoplatanus stands occurring on more acidic soils with an admixture of Castanea sativa. Field mapping information was complemented with the assessment of habitat subtype characteristics using remote sensing data. The results showed that habitat subtypes differed significantly in terms of area, tree species composition, forest stand characteristics, relief features and the various threats they experienced (e.g., fragmentation, tree mortality, ungulate browsing pressure). The differences between subtypes were also evident for LiDAR-derived environmental factors related to topography (i.e., terrain steepness and Topographic Position Index). This study provides a baseline for setting more realistic objectives for the conservation management of priority forest HTs. Due to the specificities of each individual habitat subtype, conservation activities should be targeted to the Natura 2000 habitat subtype level.
Ključne besede: forest habitat subtype, monitoring, biodiversity conservation, LiDAR, Slovenia, NATURA 2000
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 03.02.2023; Ogledov: 757; Prenosov: 108
.pdf Celotno besedilo (9,53 MB)
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Phylogenetic relations and range history of jerboas of the Allactaginae subfamily (Dipodidae, Rodentia)
Vladimir S. Lebedev, Georgy I. Shenbrot, Boris Kryštufek, Ahmad Mahmoudi, Marina N. Melnikova, Evgeniya N. Solovyeva, Alexandra A. Lisenkova, Enkhbat Undrakhbayar, Konstantin A. Rogovin, Alexey V. Surov, Ana A. Bannikova, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Five-toed jerboas of the subfamily Allactaginae comprise several complex taxa occurring over a wide distribution range covering a large part of the Eurasian arid belt. In this study, we employed current methods of molecular phylogenetics based on 15 nuclear genes and the mitochondrial gene cytb to revise relations and systematics within Allactaginae. We also applied species distribution modelling projected on paleo-environmental data to reconstruct the geographic patterns of speciation in Allactaginae. We elucidated the intergeneric relationships within this subfamily and clarifed interspecies relations within the genus Scarturus. Moreover, our results demonstrate the species status of S. caprimulga; outline the currently understudied diversity within Orientallactaga, Allactaga, and Pygeretmus; and improve the divergence estimates of these taxa. Based on our results from modelling of geographic range fragmentation in allactagines, we suggest the dating and location of speciation events and present hypotheses regarding general habitat niche conservatism in small mammals.
Ključne besede: molecular phylogeny, mitochondrial DNA, nuclear DNA, habitat modelling, phylogenetic history
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 28.01.2022; Ogledov: 496; Prenosov: 412
.pdf Celotno besedilo (11,47 MB)
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Continent-wide tree species distribution models may mislead regional management decisions : a case study in the transboundary biosphere reserve Mura-Drava-Danube
Marcus Sallmannshofer, Debojyoti Chakraborty, Harald Vacik, Gábor Illés, Markus Löw, Andreas Rechenmacher, Katharina Lapin, Sophie Ette, Dejan Stojanović, Andrej Kobler, Silvio Schueler, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The understanding of spatial distribution patterns of native riparian tree species in Europe lacks accurate species distribution models (SDMs), since riparian forest habitats have a limited spatial extent and are strongly related to the associated watercourses, which needs to be represented in the environmental predictors. However, SDMs are urgently needed for adapting forest management to climate change, as well as for conservation and restoration of riparian forest ecosystems. For such an operative use, standard large-scale bioclimatic models alone are too coarse and frequently exclude relevant predictors. In this study, we compare a bioclimatic continent-wide model and a regional model based on climate, soil, and river data for central to south-eastern Europe, targeting seven riparian foundation species%Alnus glutinosa, Fraxinus angustifolia, F. excelsior, Populus nigra, Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis, and U. minor. The results emphasize the high importance of precise occurrence data and environmental predictors. Soil predictors were more important than bioclimatic variables, and river variables were partly of the same importance. In both models, five of the seven species were found to decrease in terms of future occurrence probability within the study area, whereas the results for two species were ambiguous. Nevertheless, both models predicted a dangerous loss of occurrence probability for economically and ecologically important tree species, likely leading to significant effects on forest composition and structure, as well as on provided ecosystem services.
Ključne besede: bioclimatic model, ecological niche model, forest management, tree species selection, riparian forest habitat, climate change adaptation
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 22.03.2021; Ogledov: 1032; Prenosov: 699
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,47 MB)
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Vplivi okoljskih dejavnikov na prostorsko razporeditev jelenjadi v Poljanski dolini in Polhograjskih dolomitih
Miran Hafner, Blaž Černe, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: V Sloveniji navadni jelen (Cervus elaphus L.) še vedno širi svojo prisotnost na številna območja, med njimi tudi v Poljansko dolino in Polhograjske dolomite. V raziskavi smo proučili, kateri okoljski dejavniki ključno vplivajo na njegovo prostorsko razporeditev v gričevnatem in ponekod v sredogorskem proučevanem območju s povprečno gozdnatostjo 67 %. Raziskava temelji na vzorcu 585 georeferenciranih lokacij odvzema ter GIS-podatkovnih plasteh 34 okoljskih spremenljivk. Logistična regresija napoveduje, da se verjetnost za primernost prostora za habitat jelena v prvem modelu multivariatno povečuje z večanjem deleža gozdov, z manjšanjem razdalje do sosednjega območja, z večjim deležem dvoslojnih, raznomernih, prebiralnih gozdov ter grmišč in panjevcev, z večanjem deleža sestojev v obnovi ter zmanjšuje z manjšim deležem mladja. V drugem modelu smo odkrili tudi pozitiven vpliv deleža plodonosnega gozdnega drevja v lesni zalogi sestojev ter negativne vplive odsotnosti krmišč, večje razdalje do gozdnih cest in majhnih vrednosti sončnega obsevanja pozimi.
Ključne besede: navadni jelen, Cervus elaphus, habitat, Poljanska dolina, Polhograjski dolomiti, okoljski dejavniki, prostorska razporeditev, parkljarji, upravljanje z divjadjo, Slovenija
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 29.02.2020; Ogledov: 2018; Prenosov: 586
.pdf Celotno besedilo (275,67 KB)

Analiza uspešnosti vzpostavitve nadomestnega habitata Črni log - Hotiška gmajna s poudarkom na rastni uspešnosti sadik
Samar Al Sayegh-Petkovšek, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Analizirali smo vzpostavitev nadomestnega habitata Črni log - Hotiška gmajna, ki je bil osnovan jeseni 2010 s sajenjem predvsem dveletnih sadik drevesnih in grmovnih vrst kot omilitveni ukrep zaradi izgube gozdnih površin v Črnem logu ob izgradnji avtocestnega odseka Beltinci-Lendava. V obdobju od 2011 do 2017 smo določili deleže preživetja, izdelali ocene vitalnosti in določili višinski ter debelinski prirastek za 566 sadik sedmih drevesnih vrst (črna jelša, dob, gorski javor, divja češnja, maklen, čremsa in poljski brest), rastočih na 26 raziskovalnih ploskvah. Sajenje je bilo praviloma uspešno pri vseh analiziranih vrstah, z izjemo divje češnje, kljub nekoliko večjem izpadu v drugem rastnem obdobju (dob, črna jelša, čremsa) oziroma še tri leta po sajenju (dob). Domnevamo, da je na zmanjšano preživetje sadik v letu 2012 vplivala suša v obdobju od oktobra 2011 do februarja 2012. Hkrati so v aprilu 2012 poročali o spomladanski pozebi, za katero je zlasti občutljiv dob, katerega povprečni delež preživetja se je povečal na okoli 70 % šele v letu 2015 in se nato ni več bistveno spremenil. Na podlagi opaženih poškodb divje češnje, čremse in maklena že v letu 2011 ter gorskega javorja in poljskega bresta v letu 2012 sklepamo, da je tudi objedanje divjadi vplivalo na manjši delež preživetja, vendar manj kot neugodne vremenske razmere. V tretjem letu (2013) po vzpostavitvi nadomestnega habitata sta bila povprečni višinski in povprečni debelinski prirastek na koreninskem vratu za vse drevesne vrste, z izjemo divje češnje, pozitivna in bistveno večja od prejšnjega rastnega obdobja (april 2011 - april 2012). Upoštevaje deleže preživetja, višinsko in debelinsko priraščanje ter delež vitalnih sadik je najuspešnejša drevesna vrsta črna jelša, kar je pogoj za oblikovanje načrtovanega jelševega sestoja. Med vsemi opazovanimi vrstami pa je najmanj uspešna divja češnja. Delež preživetja sadik je bil namreč vseskozi manjši od zahtevanih 70 %, zato smo ocenili, da sajenje divje češnje na izbranih raziskovalnih ploskvah ni bilo uspešno. Na podlagi ugotovitev so jo že v jeseni 2013 ponovno sadili, vendar zunaj raziskovalnih ploskev in zato slednje ne vpliva na predstavljene rezultate. Lahko zaključimo, da se med Hotiško gmajno in Črnim logom uspešno vzpostavlja gozdni habitat, ki nadomešča prejšnje njivske površine in da bo lahko nadomestil oziroma omilil škodo zaradi izgube gozdnih površin v Črnem logu ob izgradnji avtoceste A5 na odseku Beltinci-Lendava. Pričakujemo, da bo nastali gozdni sestoj v naslednjih letih omogočil gnezdenje srednjega detla in belovratnega muharja, ki sta zaradi gradnje avtoceste izgubila del svojega habitata.
Ključne besede: nadomestni habitat, Črni log - Hotiška gmajna, Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gartn., Quercus robur L., Acer pseudoplatanus L., Acer campestre L., Prunus avium L., Prunus padus L., Ulmus minor Mill., sadike
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 08.08.2019; Ogledov: 2767; Prenosov: 732
.pdf Celotno besedilo (633,15 KB)

Occurrence of invasive alien plant species in the floodplain forests along the Mura River in Slovenia
Aleksander Marinšek, Lado Kutnar, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Background and purpose: The objectives of our study were to identify invasive alien plant species (IAS) in the main Natura 2000 forest habitat types (FHT) along the Mura River in Slovenia, and to estimate their abundance and cover. The aim of our study was to find out a) Which IAS appear in the research forests? b) What is their frequency and cover percentage? c) Whether individual IAS prosper better in some FHT than others? d) What is the correlation between the cover of IAS and the tree layer cover? Materials and methods: We analysed the fidelity of invasive plant species to individual FHT. The studied FHTs along the Mura River were the following: 91E0* (Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior), 91F0 (Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor, Fraxinus excelsior or Fraxinus angustifolia, along the great rivers) and 91L0 (Illyrian oak-hornbeam forests). Two forest areas of about 600 ha were studied in total. With the intention to calculate number and cover of IAS some statistical analysis was made. In addition, correlations between the abundances of the most present IAS and cover of upper tree layer were carried out. Results: In total, 15 IAS were recorded in studied FHTs. Some species, like Robinia pseudoacacia, Impatiens glandulifera, I. parviflora, Fallopia japonica (incl. F. x bohemica), Erigeron annuus, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Amorpha fruticosa, Conyza canadensis and Juncus tenuis occur only in one or two FHTs, while some species can be found in all studied FHTs (e.g. Solidago sp.). We found out that the most threatened forests are those with prevailing Salix alba, Alnus glutinosa, Fraxinus angustifolia and Ulmus laevis tree species. Those are the forests of FHT 91E0 which have less dense tree canopies, grow closest to the river and on the wettest sites. We found a statistically significant higher number and cover of IAS in the FHT 91E0 and the lowest number and cover in FHT 91L0. Conclusions: Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (FHT 91E0) along the Mura River are most prone to invasion of IAS. The increasing presence of IAS in the study areas seriously affects natural regeneration, stability, and continuity of floodplain forests in all other FHTs in the study area. At the same time the amount of IAS in these forests also depends on management measures and their intensities which accelerate light availability. Some measures and guidelines for managing of these forests with the purpose of reducing IAS impacts are suggested in this study.
Ključne besede: non-native plants, riparian vegetation, habitat types, conservation management, forest management
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 2614; Prenosov: 1358
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,03 MB)
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Vplivi okoljskih dejavnikov na prostorsko razporeditev evropske srne (srnjadi) (Capreolus capreolus L.) v Gorenjskem lovskoupravljavskem območju
Miran Hafner, Blaž Černe, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: V raziskavi smo proučili, kateri dejavniki vplivajo na prostorsko razporeditev evropske srne (Capreolus capreolus L.) v Gorenjskem lovskoupravljavskem območju. Raziskava temelji na vzorcu N = 2.196 georeferenciranih lokacij odvzema N = 42.468 živali in GIS-podatkovnih plasteh 21 okoljskih spremenljivk. Logistična regresija napoveduje, da je primernost prostora za habitat srne pogojena z vrednostmi trinajstih okoljskih spremenljivk: spremenljivke zgradbe prostora (delež kmetijskih površin, delež nedostopnih površin, dolžina javnih cest, dolžina gozdnega roba, ekspozicija), podnebne spremenljivke (količina padavin, količina sončnega sevanja poleti, srednja letna temperatura), spremenljivke zgradbe gozdnih sestojev (delež sestojev v obnovi, delež mladovij, lesna zaloga sestojev, indeks gozdnih združb, dolžina gozdnih cest). Z drugim modelom smo odkrili tudi negativen vpliv oddaljenosti do najbližje gozdne in kmetijske površine. Med kmetijskimi površinami na primernost prostora za habitat srne najbolj vplivata delež travnikov in delež njiv ter vrtov.
Ključne besede: evropska srna, srnjad, Capreolus capreolus, habitat, Gorenjsko lovskoupravljalsko območje, Slovenija, lovstvo
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 03.12.2017; Ogledov: 3063; Prenosov: 646
.pdf Celotno besedilo (206,98 KB)

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