Pregled uporabljenih metod modeliranja skalnih podorov v SlovenijiMilan Kobal
, Barbara Žabota
Povzetek: Skalni podori spadajo med najpogostejše naravne nesreče predvsem v gorskem svetu, saj jih je zaradi hipne sprožitve praktično nemogoče napovedati vnaprej, posledično pa predstavljajo pomembno grožnjo ljudem in njihovi infrastrukturi. Z različnimi prostorskimi modeli lahko učinkovito modeliramo območja proženja, premeščanja in odlaganja skalnih podorov in tako prepoznamo ključna ogrožena območja. V članku so predstavljene glavne skupine modelov modeliranja skalnih podorov ter njihova uporaba na območju Slovenije.
Ključne besede: naravne nesreče, pobočni procesi, skalni podori, modeliranje, geografski informacijski sistemi
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 07.03.2018; Ogledov: 2816; Prenosov: 554
Celotno besedilo (473,92 KB)
The influence of abiotic and biotic disturbances on the protective effect of alpine forests against avalanches and rockfallsDomen Oven
, Barbara Žabota
, Milan Kobal
Povzetek: Abiotic and biotic disturbances in alpine forests can reduce forest cover or change the structure of the forest and consequently reduce the protective effect of forest against natural hazards such as avalanches and rockfalls. In this review article, the effect of the main abiotic (forest fire, windthrow, ice break, snow break, avalanche and rockfall) and biotic (insects and pathogens) disturbances in protection forests are presented along with their potential influence on the protective effect of forest against avalanches and rockfalls. In general, natural disturbances negatively affect the protective effect of forest, especially in the case of large-scale and severe events, which in alpine areas are mostly caused by storms, bark beetle outbreaks, avalanches and forest fires. Climate change induced interactions between disturbances are expected to present challenges in the management of protection forests in the future.
Ključne besede: natural disturbances, natural hazards, abiotic disturbances, biotic disturbances, protection forests, protective effect, stand parameters, rockfall, avalanche
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 01.04.2020; Ogledov: 1436; Prenosov: 1651
Celotno besedilo (893,89 KB)
Reconstruction of rockfall activity through dendrogeomorphology and a scar-counting approach : a study in a beech forest stand in the Trenta valley (Slovenian Alps)Barbara Žabota
, Daniel Trappmann
, Tom Levanič
, Milan Kobal
Povzetek: Trees represent an important archive that can be used to reconstruct the spatial and temporal patterns of rockfall events. Rockfall impacts can be recorded in the form of anomalies in tree rings and impact scars on the tree stem. In this paper we demonstrate the use of an approach based on counting scars for reconstructing the frequency and spatial pattern of past rockfalls. The approach was applied by counting the visible scars on the stem surface of 52 European beech trees (Fagus sylvatica L.) in the area of the Trenta Valley, Slovenia. The average number of impacts per trees was 7, and the impacts were mostly classified as old, indicating reduced rockfall activity in recent years. The average recurrence interval was 31.8 years, which was reduced by 1.2 years by the application of the conditional impact probability. The spatial pattern of rockfall impacts shows that rockfall activity is higher in the middle part of the studied slope.
Ključne besede: rockfall, natural hazards, dendrogeomorphology, tree rings, stem scars, recurrence interval
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 01.04.2020; Ogledov: 1301; Prenosov: 1391
Celotno besedilo (1,02 MB)