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Mechanisms of premature fracture in modular neck stems made of CoCrMo/Ti6Al4V and Ti6Al4V/Ti6Al4V alloy
Drago Dolinar, Miro Gorenšek, Klemen Avsec, Barbara Šetina, Matej Hočevar, Matjaž Godec, Borut Žužek, Mojca Debeljak, Monika Jenko, John T. Grant, Boštjan Kocjančič, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: In this paper, we present the mechanisms of premature fracture of modular neck stems in two case studies: (I) when the neck and stem are both made of the same Ti6Al4V alloy, and (II) when the neck and stem are made from two different alloys, CoCrMo and Ti6Al4V alloy. Our study integrates two orthopedic patients who have undergone primary uncemented THA for usual indications in two orthopedic centers (Community Health Centre and University Medical Centre). Both centers are part of the national public health care system. Both surgeries were performed by two skilled orthopedic surgeons with more than 10 years of experience in THA. The survivorship of the modular neck of cast CoCrMo alloy was 24 months. The survivorship of the modular neck from Ti6Al4V alloy was 84 months. Multivariate analyses were performed to assess the differences in the fretting, corrosion, and fatigue of the two prematurely failed modular neck stems: stereo light microscopy (SLM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Patient demographic information, including sex, age, body mass index, survivorship of implants, and reason for the revision, was collected from medical records. We found that fretting and fatigue occurred on both neck-stem retrievals due to additional galvanic corrosion, but the CoCrMo/Ti6Al4V alloy system suffered more corrosion due to additional galvanic corrosion and fractured earlier than the Ti6Al4V/Ti6Al4V metal alloy system. Both metallic alloy systems used in this application are known to be highly corrosion-resistant, but the bio-tribo-corrosion processes need to be understood in detail and characterized so that appropriate improvements in design and materials can be made.
Ključne besede: total hip arthroplasty, modular neck, Ti6Al4V alloy, CoCrMo alloy, corrosion
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 07.02.2024; Ogledov: 103; Prenosov: 66
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,12 MB)
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Grain size distribution of DP 600 steel using single-pass asymmetrical wedge test
Urška Klančnik, Peter Fajfar, Jan Foder, Heinz Palkowski, Jaka Burja, Grega Klančnik, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: wedge test, hot-rolling, grain size distribution, dual-phase steel
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 07.02.2024; Ogledov: 87; Prenosov: 36
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,64 MB)
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An experimental study of liquid micro-jets produced with a gas dynamic virtual nozzle under the influence of an electric field
Bor Zupan, Gisel Esperanza Peña-Murillo, Rizwan Zahoor, Jurij Gregorc, Božidar Šarler, Juraj Knoška, Alfonso M. Gañán-Calvo, Henry N. Chapman, Saša Bajt, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The results of an experimental study of micro-jets produced with a gas dynamic virtual nozzle (GDVN) under the influence of an electric field are provided and discussed for the first time. The experimental study is performed with a 50% volume mixture of water and ethanol, and nitrogen focusing gas. The liquid sample and gas Reynolds numbers range from 0.09–5.4 and 0–190, respectively. The external electrode was positioned 400–500 μm downstream of the nozzle tip and an effect of electric potential between the electrode and the sample liquid from 0–7 kV was investigated. The jetting parametric space is examined as a function of operating gas and liquid flow rates, outlet chamber pressure, and an external electric field. The experimentally observed jet diameter, length and velocity ranged from 1–25 μm, 50–500 μm and 0.5–10 m/s, respectively. The jetting shape snapshots were processed automatically using purposely developed computer vision software. The velocity of the jet was calculated from the measured jet diameter and the sample flow rate. It is found that micro-jets accelerate in the direction of the applied electric field in the downstream direction at a constant acceleration as opposed to the standard GDVNs. New jetting modes were observed, where either the focusing gas or the electric forces dominate, encouraging further theoretical and numerical studies towards optimized system design. The study shows the potential to unlock a new generation of low background sample delivery for serial diffraction measurements of weakly scattering objects.
Ključne besede: micro jet, electric field, experimental study, flow focusing, Taylor cone, gas dynamic virtual nozzles
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 07.02.2024; Ogledov: 62; Prenosov: 33
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,94 MB)
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A coupled domain–boundary type meshless method for phase-field modelling of dendritic solidification with the fluid flow
Tadej Dobravec, Boštjan Mavrič, Rizwan Zahoor, Božidar Šarler, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Purpose - This study aims to simulate the dendritic growth in Stokes flow by iteratively coupling a domain and boundary type meshless method. Design/methodology/approach - A preconditioned phase-field model for dendritic solidification of a pure supercooled melt is solved by the strong-form space-time adaptive approach based on dynamic quadtree domain decomposition. The domain-type space discretisation relies on monomial augmented polyharmonic splines interpolation. The forward Euler scheme is used for time evolution. The boundary-type meshless method solves the Stokes flow around the dendrite based on the collocation of the moving and fixed flow boundaries with the regularised Stokes flow fundamental solution. Both approaches are iteratively coupled at the moving solid–liquid interface. The solution procedure ensures computationally efficient and accurate calculations. The novel approach is numerically implemented for a 2D case. Findings - The solution procedure reflects the advantages of both meshless methods. Domain one is not sensitive to the dendrite orientation and boundary one reduces the dimensionality of the flow field solution. The procedure results agree well with the reference results obtained by the classical numerical methods. Directions for selecting the appropriate free parameters which yield the highest accuracy and computational efficiency are presented. Originality/value - A combination of boundary- and domain-type meshless methods is used to simulate dendritic solidification with the influence of fluid flow efficiently.
Ključne besede: dendritic solidification, Stokes flow, phase-field method, space-time adaptivity, meshless methods, RBF-FD, modified method of regularised sources
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 07.02.2024; Ogledov: 66; Prenosov: 32
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,07 MB)
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