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Namnožitev bukovega rilčkarja skakača v Sloveniji v letu 2024 - Orchestes fagi (Linnaeus, 1758)
Eva Groznik, Maarten De Groot, Tine Hauptman, 2024, poljudni članek

Ključne besede: gozdovi, Varstvo gozdov, bukov rilčkar skakač, Slovenija, namnožitev
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 13.06.2024; Ogledov: 50; Prenosov: 20
.pdf Celotno besedilo (391,93 KB)
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A five-step framework for creating forests for the future
Marko Kovač, Gregor Božič, Andreja Ferreira, Gal Kušar, Boštjan Mali, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Changing environmental conditions, disturbances, and escalating demands for forest ecosystem services require foresters to restore present forestlands with new forest generations that will exhibit ecological integrity, diversity, high adaptive capacity, and the ability to provide essential ecosystem services. Establishing such forests requires careful consideration of the forest landscape and site dynamics. In pursuit of these requirements, we developed a novel framework that enables the restoration of forest sites and promotes the desired features of the forest complex at the same time. This framework was designed with the methods of system engineering and was organized in the same way as the forest planning process. It was tested in the habitat type of Illyrian Fagus sylvatica forests belonging to the Natura 2000 network. The environmental, vegetation, and site conditions were investigated via field inspections, available forest management plans, and simple GIS analyses. Additionally, we established a seminatural stand composed of European beech, sessile oak, sycamore maple, silver fir, and some wild fruit tree species. The survival of planted species was assessed using census and simple random sampling, the performance of provenances by the Student’s test, while microhabitat factors were explored by a one-way ANOVA. The survival rate of key species was estimated to be 55.6%, while that of fruit species was estimated to be 94.5%. Our framework demonstrated satisfactory performance and contained sufficient benchmarks to facilitate consistent decision-making. In the discussion, we elucidate the framework’s primary features and attributes of the mixed stand, where we also expose some open issues to be addressed in the future.
Ključne besede: restoration, forest habitat type, indigenous species, planting, mixed stand, key species, fruit species
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 13.06.2024; Ogledov: 36; Prenosov: 24
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,93 MB)
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Evidence-based unification of potato gene models with the UniTato collaborative genome browser
Maja Zagorščak, Jan Zrimec, Carissa Bleker, Nadja Francesca Nolte, Mojca Juteršek, Živa Ramšak, Kristina Gruden, Marko Petek, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is the most popular tuber crop and a model organism. A variety of gene models for potato exist, and despite frequent updates, they are not unified. This hinders the comparison of gene models across versions, limits the ability to reuse experimental data without significant re-analysis, and leads to missing or wrongly annotated genes. Here, we unify the recent potato double monoploid v4 and v6 gene models by developing an automated merging protocol, resulting in a Unified poTato genome model (UniTato). We subsequently established an Apollo genome browser (unitato.nib.si) that enables public access to UniTato and further community-based curation. We demonstrate how the UniTato resource can help resolve problems with missing or misplaced genes and can be used to update or consolidate a wider set of gene models or genome information. The automated protocol, genome annotation files, and a comprehensive translation table are provided at github.com/NIB-SI/unitato.
Ključne besede: bioinformatics analysis, plant genome annotation, gene model annotations, Phureja group, GFF files, poTato genome model, UniTato
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 11.06.2024; Ogledov: 49; Prenosov: 60
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,48 MB)
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Nutrition of patients with severe neurologic impairment
Anija Orel, Matjaž Homan, Rok Blagus, Evgen Benedik, Rok Orel, Nataša Fidler Mis, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Background. Commercial enteral formulas are generally recommended for gastrostomy feeding in patients with severe neurologic impairment. However, pureed food diets are still widely used and even gaining popularity among certain groups. We tried to compare the effectiveness of gastrostomy feeding for treatment of severe malnutrition with either enteral formulas or pureed feeds. Patients and methods. A 6-month nutritional intervention was made with 37 malnourished children, adolescents and young adults (2%26 years old) with severe neurologic impairment (Gross Motor Function Classification system [GMFCS] grade V). The individual needs were calculated. Participants were fed by gastrostomy with either enteral formulas (n = 17) or pureed food (n = 20). Measurements to assess nutritional status were made at the beginning and at the end of intervention. Results. The Z scores for weight-for-age and for the body-mass index increased more in enteral formula than in pureed food group (2.07 vs. 0.70, p = 0.0012; and 3.75 vs. 0.63, p = 0.0014, respectively). Fat mass index increased more in enteral formula than in pureed food group (1.12 kg/m2 vs. 0.38 kg/m2; p = 0.0012). Patients in the enteral formula group showed increase in lean body mass expressed as fat-free mass index (0.70 kg/m2), while those in pureed food group did not (-0.06 kg/m2) (p = 0.0487). Conclusions. The results suggest that even professionally planned pureed food diet is less effective than commercial enteral formula for nutritional rehabilitation of malnourished patients with severe neurologic impairment. However, larger and if possible randomised clinical studies should be made to confirm our findings.
Ključne besede: malnutrition, severe neurologic impairment, gastrostomy
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 11.06.2024; Ogledov: 51; Prenosov: 14
.pdf Celotno besedilo (332,52 KB)

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Stress knowledge map : a knowledge graph resource for systems biology analysis of plant stress responses
Carissa Bleker, Živa Ramšak, Andras Bittner, Vid Podpečan, Maja Zagorščak, Bernhard Wurzinger, Špela Baebler, Marko Petek, Maja Križnik, Anže Županič, Kristina Gruden, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Stress Knowledge Map (SKM; https://skm.nib.si) is a publicly available resource containing two complementary knowledge graphs that describe the current knowledge of biochemical, signaling, and regulatory molecular interactions in plants: a highly curated model of plant stress signaling (PSS; 543 reactions) and a large comprehensive knowledge network (488 390 interactions). Both were constructed by domain experts through systematic curation of diverse literature and database resources. SKM provides a single entry point for investigations of plant stress response and related growth trade-offs, as well as interactive explorations of current knowledge. PSS is also formulated as a qualitative and quantitative model for systems biology and thus represents a starting point for a plant digital twin. Here, we describe the features of SKM and show, through two case studies, how it can be used for complex analyses, including systematic hypothesis generation and design of validation experiments, or to gain new insights into experimental observations in plant biology.
Ključne besede: Stress knowledge map, knowledge graph, knowledge network, entry point, plant digital twin, plant stress responses, plant signaling, systems biology
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 11.06.2024; Ogledov: 58; Prenosov: 39
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,35 MB)
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