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Nutrition of patients with severe neurologic impairment
Anija Orel, Matjaž Homan, Rok Blagus, Evgen Benedik, Rok Orel, Nataša Fidler Mis, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Background. Commercial enteral formulas are generally recommended for gastrostomy feeding in patients with severe neurologic impairment. However, pureed food diets are still widely used and even gaining popularity among certain groups. We tried to compare the effectiveness of gastrostomy feeding for treatment of severe malnutrition with either enteral formulas or pureed feeds. Patients and methods. A 6-month nutritional intervention was made with 37 malnourished children, adolescents and young adults (2%26 years old) with severe neurologic impairment (Gross Motor Function Classification system [GMFCS] grade V). The individual needs were calculated. Participants were fed by gastrostomy with either enteral formulas (n = 17) or pureed food (n = 20). Measurements to assess nutritional status were made at the beginning and at the end of intervention. Results. The Z scores for weight-for-age and for the body-mass index increased more in enteral formula than in pureed food group (2.07 vs. 0.70, p = 0.0012; and 3.75 vs. 0.63, p = 0.0014, respectively). Fat mass index increased more in enteral formula than in pureed food group (1.12 kg/m2 vs. 0.38 kg/m2; p = 0.0012). Patients in the enteral formula group showed increase in lean body mass expressed as fat-free mass index (0.70 kg/m2), while those in pureed food group did not (-0.06 kg/m2) (p = 0.0487). Conclusions. The results suggest that even professionally planned pureed food diet is less effective than commercial enteral formula for nutritional rehabilitation of malnourished patients with severe neurologic impairment. However, larger and if possible randomised clinical studies should be made to confirm our findings.
Ključne besede: malnutrition, severe neurologic impairment, gastrostomy
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 11.06.2024; Ogledov: 54; Prenosov: 17
.pdf Celotno besedilo (332,52 KB)

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Outcomes of the surgical treatment for adenocarcinoma of the cardia : single institution experience
Stojan Potrč, Arpad Ivanecz, Bojan Krebs, Urška Marolt, Bojan Ilijevec, Tomaž Jagrič, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Objavljeno v DiRROS: 11.06.2024; Ogledov: 53; Prenosov: 32
.pdf Celotno besedilo (339,33 KB)
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Dynamics of CT visible pleural effusion in patients with pulmonary infarction
Igor Kocijančič, Jernej Vidmar, Marko Kastelic, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: pulmonary infarction, pleural effusion, pulmonary embolism, CTA of pulmonary arteries
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 11.06.2024; Ogledov: 50; Prenosov: 22
.pdf Celotno besedilo (919,01 KB)
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Comparison of anteroposterior and posteroanterior projection in lumbar spine radiography
Erna Alukić, Damijan Škrk, Nejc Mekiš, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: lumbar spine radiography, PA projection, dose reduction, image quality
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 11.06.2024; Ogledov: 49; Prenosov: 31
.pdf Celotno besedilo (354,25 KB)
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