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Iskalni niz: "ključne besede" (steel) .

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An investigation into corrosion around voids at the steel-concrete interface
Miha Hren, Tadeja Kosec, Andraž Legat, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: In this study, the influence of voids on corrosion process at the steel-concrete interface was investigated, as the exact influence of these features on corrosion processes under various environmental conditions is not entirely understood. Coupled multi electrode arrays and electrical resistance probes were implemented to monitor the evolution of corrosion under cyclic exposure to chlorides and carbonation. MicroCT was used to determine the location and volume of corrosion damage. It was found that, in most cases, corrosion damage initiated outside the voids. During initiation and the early propagation phase, the steel beneath the voids rarely participated in the redox reaction. In following phases, various kinds of corrosion evolution were observed. Specific corrosion mechanisms were proposed and discussed to explain these corrosion processes.
Ključne besede: microtomography, corrosion, coupled multi-electrode array, steel-concrete interface
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 06.06.2024; Ogledov: 79; Prenosov: 76
.pdf Celotno besedilo (23,73 MB)
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Susceptibility of X17CrNi16-2 martensitic stainless steel to hydrogen embrittlement after conventional and deep cryogenic heat treatment
Mirjam Bajt Leban, Bojan Zajec, Bojan Podgornik, Črtomir Donik, Patricia Jovičević Klug, Miha Hren, Andraž Legat, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: A low carbon/ high chromium martensitic stainless steel, X17CrNi16-2, was heat treated using two different hardening and tempering regimes (1050 ◦ C/480 ◦ C or 980 ◦C/600 ◦C) — promoting either a high strength or high toughness state, respectively and further combined with deep cryogenic treatment (DCT) at 196 ◦C for 24 h. Over recent years DCT has been recognized as a promising technique to improve the properties of steel, predominantly with respect to its tensile strength, toughness and wear resistance. The influence of DCT on the hydrogen embrittlement resistance of martensitic stainless steel has not yet, however, been reported. A slow strain rate tensile test (SSRT) with simultaneous cathodic hydrogen charging was selected as the method to assess potential susceptibility to hydrogen embrittlement (HE). Relatively low-intensity hydrogen charging, utilizing a constant current density of 0.1 mA/cm2, in a non-corrosive, slightly alkaline buffer solution, led to a clear reduction in the ultimate tensile stress. This reduction, and therefore the HE susceptibility, was more pronounced in the steel with a higher strength (i.e. that subject to the 1050 ◦C/ 480 ◦C heat treatment condition). Furthermore, DCT did not appear to have any impact on the steel’s mechanical properties in the presence of hydrogen. Fractographic analysis showed clear evidence of HE in the hydrogen-charged specimens. This paper presents results of the SSRT tests and further fractography results, and discusses the impact of conventional and deep cryogenic treatment on HE susceptibility.
Ključne besede: martensitic stainless steel, deep cryogenic treatment, hydrogen embrittlement, slow strain rate tensile test
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 23.05.2024; Ogledov: 149; Prenosov: 156
.pdf Celotno besedilo (17,73 MB)
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Influence of casting defects on damage evolution and potential failures in hot rolling simulation system
Umut Hanoglu, Božidar Šarler, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: simulation, rolling, steel, slice model, meshless, radial basis functions, damage
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 18.04.2024; Ogledov: 205; Prenosov: 106
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Model uncertainty in a parametric fire curve approach : a stochastic correction factor for the compartment fire load density
Florian Put, Andrea Lucherini, Bart Merci, Ruben Van Coile, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: A commonly used approach to represent the thermal load in a compartment fire is the Eurocode Parametric Fire Curve (EPFC), which specifies gas temperatures (or rather adiabatic surface temperatures). Recognizing the significant deviations between real fires and the EPFC framework, the concept of model uncertainty is explored. This study does not aim to assess or improve the EPFC, but introduces a model uncertainty, allowing for reliability-based structural fire engineering (SFE). It presents a stochastic correction factor for the fire load density, based on the maximum temperature in steel sections. The focus is on the fire load density, but in general other parameters can be jointly taken into account as well. This correction factor considers protected and un- protected sections, incorporating variations in section factor and protection thickness. The findings reveal that the fire load density within the EPFC framework can be modified to better represent the severity of fire ex- periments. This approach ensures physical consistency of the obtained compartment gas temperatures, as opposed to alternative approaches for addressing the EPFC model uncertainty. While promising results are evident in this proof of concept, exploration for other types of structural elements and evaluation for structural systems is necessary before integration into design practices.
Ključne besede: structural fire engineering, compartment fires, fire load density, steel structures, reliability, probability of failure
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 17.04.2024; Ogledov: 213; Prenosov: 37
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,16 MB)
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Utilisation of reused steel and slag : analysing the circular economy benefits through three case studies
Genesis Camila Cervantes Puma, Adriana Salles, Janez Turk, Viorel Ungureanu, Luís Bragança, 2024, pregledni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: This research explores sustainable construction practices focusing on material reuse, specifically reclaimed structural steel and slag. In general, the building stock is not designed for deconstruction, and material recovery for reuse at the end of life of buildings is complex and challenging. The study evaluates the benefits of content reuse through a thorough analysis of three case studies— BedZED eco-friendly housing, Angus Technopôle building, and the use of steel slag aggregate in road construction. It highlights the value of reclaimed structural steel and by-products like steel slag in waste reduction, energy conservation, and resource preservation. The BedZED case study showcases recycled steel’s cost-effectiveness and economic viability in construction, while the Angus Technopôle building exemplifies the adaptive reuse of an old steel frame building. Additionally, the third case study showcases the benefits of using Electric Arc Furnace C slag in asphalt-wearing courses, highlighting the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and environmental impact. The versatility of reclaimed structural steel and slag is evident in integrating material reuse in building construction and road infrastructure. These case studies illustrate the potential for reusing steel and its by-products in various construction contexts, from eco-friendly housing to road development. Therefore, the study aims to demonstrate the feasibility and benefits of sustainable practices within the construction industry by showcasing the successful incorporation of reclaimed steel and slag in these projects. Considering the significant contributions of building construction to global greenhouse gas emissions, raw material extraction, and waste production, the study advocates for adopting circular economy (CE) principles within the construction industry. Finally, the analysis of case studies underscores the advantages of reclaimed structural steel and the valorisation of steel slag through the lens of CE and their contribution to sustainable development.
Ključne besede: circular economy, reused steel, steel slag aggregate, reclaimed steel, steel members
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 12.04.2024; Ogledov: 216; Prenosov: 92
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,17 MB)
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Corrosion behaviour of additively manufactured metallic materials
Aleksandra Kocijan, 2024, pregledni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: additive manufacturing, corrosion, steel, Inconel 625, FeMn alloy
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 09.04.2024; Ogledov: 343; Prenosov: 123
.pdf Celotno besedilo (579,23 KB)
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