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Iskalni niz: "ključne besede" (risk factors) .

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1.
Effects of governmental data governance on urban fire risk : a city-wide analysis in China
Zhao-Ge Liu, Xiang-Yang Li, Grunde Jomaas, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The effects of data governance (as a means to maximize big data value creation in fire risk management) performance on fire risk was analyzed based on multi-source statistical data of 105 cities in China from 2016 to 2018. Specifically, data governance was first quantified with ten detailed indicators, which were then selected for explaining urban fire risk through correlation analysis. Next, the sample cities were clustered in terms of major socio-economic characteristics, and then the effects of data governance were examined by constructing multivariate regression models for each city cluster with ordinary least squares (OLS). The results showed that the constructed regression models produced good interpretation of fire risk in different types of cities, with coefficient of determination (R2) in each model exceeding 0.65. Among the indicators, the development of infrastructures (e.g. data collection devices and data analysis platforms), the level of data use, and the updating of fire risk related data were proved to produce significant effects on the reduction of fire frequency and fire consequence. Moreover, the organizational maturity of data governance was proved to be helpful in reducing fire frequency. For the cities with large population, the cross-department sharing of high-value data was found to be another important determinant of urban fire frequency. In comparison with existing statistical models which interpreted fire risk with general social factors (with the highest R2 = 0.60), these new regression models presented a better statistical performance (with the average R2 = 0.72). These findings are expected to provide decision support for the local governments of China and other jurisdictions to facilitate big data projects in improving fire risk management.
Ključne besede: urban fire risk, fire risk management, big data technologies, data governance, socio-economic factors, city-wide analysis
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 09.01.2024; Ogledov: 150; Prenosov: 29
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,20 MB)
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2.
Risk factors for systemic reactions in typical cold urticaria : results from the COLD-CE study
Mojca Bizjak, Mitja Košnik, Dejan Dinevski, Simon Francis Thomsen, Daria Fomina, Elena Borzova, Kanokvalai Kulthanan, Raisa Meshkova, Dalia Melina Ahsan, Mona Al-Ahmad, Jovan Miljković, Dorothea Terhorst, Marcus Maurer, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Background. Cold urticaria (ColdU), i.e. the occurrence of wheals or angioedema in response to cold exposure, is classified into typical and atypical forms. The diagnosis of typical ColdU relies on whealing in response to local cold stimulation testing (CST). It can also manifest with cold-induced anaphylaxis (ColdA). We aimed to determine risk factors for ColdA in typical ColdU. Methods. An international, cross-sectional study COLD-CE was carried out at 32 urticaria centers of reference and excellence (UCAREs). Detailed history was taken and CST with an ice cube and/or TempTest® performed. ColdA was defined as an acute cold-induced involvement of the skin and/or visible mucosal tissue and at least one of: cardiovascular manifestations, difficulty breathing, or gastrointestinal symptoms. Results. Of 551 ColdU patients, 75% (n=412) had a positive CST and ColdA occurred in 37% (n=151) of the latter. Cold-induced generalized wheals, angioedema, acral swelling, oropharyngeal/laryngeal symptoms, and itch of earlobes were identified as signs/symptoms of severe disease. ColdA was most commonly provoked by complete cold water immersion and ColdA caused by cold air was more common in countries with a warmer climate. Ten percent (n=40) of typical ColdU patients had a concomitant chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). They had a lower frequency of ColdA than those without CSU (4% vs 39%, p=0.003). We identified the following risk factors for cardiovascular manifestations: previous systemic reaction to a Hymenoptera sting, angioedema, oropharyngeal/laryngeal symptoms, and itchy earlobes. Conclusion. ColdA is common in typical ColdU. High-risk patients require education about their condition and how to use an adrenaline autoinjector.
Ključne besede: urticaria, risk factors, epinephrine - therapeutic use, self administration, intramuscular injections - methods, cold urticaria, systemic reactions, adrenaline autoinjector
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 31.08.2022; Ogledov: 503; Prenosov: 211
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3.
Natural history of the hymenoptera venom sensitivity reactions in adults : study design
Simona Perčič, Lidija Bojanić, Mitja Košnik, Andreja Kukec, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Background: Allergic reactions to Hymenoptera stings can have varying levels of severity, according to the Müller grading system. Methods: By an epidemiological concept, this is a retrospective cohort study. The observed cohort was represented by patients referred to the University Clinic Golnik due to Hymenoptera allergic reaction in the period from 1997 to 2015. From the immunological database of the University Clinic Golnik, we obtained laboratory data (sIgE, skin tests and basophil activation test). The clinical characteristics of patients were obtained from BIRPIS. With the help of a questionnaire, which was sent to each patient in the period from May 2019 to April 2021, we obtained epidemiological data. For the assessment of the association between the severity of allergic reaction for the observed outcome, the severity of the first allergic reaction after Hymenoptera sting was used. Other variables were grouped according to risk factors. Discussion: We will identify the risk factors that could play an important role in a severe systemic reaction: the aetiology of the Hymenoptera sting, sex, age, history and severity of previous systemic reactions, being re-stung in an interval of two months, the frequency of re-stings, atopy, genetic predisposition, preventive medication use, other medication use, beekeeping or living next to beehives and why immunotherapy was not taken. Laboratory data will also be analysed to determine if there is any association with laboratory tests and the severity of the allergic reactions after Hymenoptera stings. Conclusions: Several new approaches are introduced in the study design. The most important is that the protocol covers epidemiological data gained from the questionnaire, as well as clinical data gained from the Immunological database and BIRPIS database. We expect to obtain significant results that will explain the risk factors for the natural history of Hymenoptera sting allergic reactions and will help allergologists, as well as general doctors, when facing those patients allergic to Hymenoptera venom without immunotherapy.
Ključne besede: hymenoptera venom allergy, risk factors, epidemiological association
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 06.04.2022; Ogledov: 787; Prenosov: 354
.pdf Celotno besedilo (786,63 KB)

4.
Prevalence of and factors associated with healthcare-associated infections in Slovenian acute care hospitals : results of the third national survey
Irena Klavs, Mojca Serdt, Aleš Korošec, Tatjana Lejko-Zupanc, Blaž Pečavar, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Introduction. In the third Slovenian national healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) prevalence survey, conducted within the European point prevalence survey of HAIs and antimicrobial use in acute care hospitals, we estimated the prevalence of all types of HAIs and identified factors associated with them. Methods. Patients were enrolled into a one-day cross-sectional study in November 2017. Descriptive analyses were performed to describe the characteristics of patients, their exposure to invasive procedures and the prevalence of different types of HAIs. Univariate and multivariate analyses of association of having at least one HAI with possible risk factors were performed to identify risk factors. Results. Among 5,743 patients, 4.4% had at least one HAI and an additional 2.2% were still treated for HAIs on the day of the survey, with a prevalence of HAIs of 6.6%. The prevalence of pneumoniae was the highest (1.8%), followed by surgical site infections (1.5%) and urinary tract infections (1.2%). Prevalence of blood stream infections was 0.3%. In intensive care units (ICUs), the prevalence of patients with at least one HAI was 30.6%. Factors associated with HAIs included central vascular catheter (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 4.1; 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 3.1–5.4), peripheral vascular catheter (aOR 3.0; 95% CI: 2.3–3.9), urinary catheter (aOR 1.8; 95% CI: 1.4–2.3). Conclusions. The prevalence of HAIs in Slovenian acute care hospitals in 2017 was substantial, especially in ICUs. HAIs prevention and control is an important public health priority. National surveillance of HAIs in ICUs should be developed to support evidence-based prevention and control.
Ključne besede: healthcare-associated infections, prevalence, survey, risk factors, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 16.10.2020; Ogledov: 2314; Prenosov: 870
.pdf Celotno besedilo (255,15 KB)
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