Corrosion performance of steel in blended cement pore solutionsMiha Hren
, Tadeja Kosec
, Andraž Legat
, Violeta Bokan-Bosiljkov
, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek
Povzetek: Blended cements might change the chemistry of the pore solution and subsequently affect the corrosion of steel in concrete. Pore solutions were extracted, analyzed and compared from mortars made of CEM I, CEM II, CEM III and CEM IV cements. Three combinations of carbonation and chloride states were studied, i.e., non-carbonated without chlorides, non-carbonated with chlorides and carbonated with chlorides. Different electrochemical and spectroscopic techniques were used to study the electrochemical properties, the type and the extent of the corrosion products, as well as the type and the extent of the corrosion damage. It was confirmed that the most corrosive environments were pore solutions extracted from the carbonated mortars with chlorides. In this environment the highest corrosion rate was observed for the CEM III pore solution, and the lowest for the CEM I. The extent and the type of corrosion products and the corrosion damage varied according to the environment.
Ključne besede: corrosion, blended cements, pore solution, mortar
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 14.09.2023; Ogledov: 135; Prenosov: 55
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Experimental carbonation study for a durability assessment of novel cementitious materialsLucija Hanžič
, Sebastijan Robič
, Alisa Machner
, Marie Helene Bjørndal
, Klaartje De Weerdt
, Yushan Gu
, Benoit Bary
, Rosa Maria Lample Carreras
, Aljoša Šajna
, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek
Povzetek: Durability predictions of concrete structures are derived from experience-based require- ments and descriptive exposure classes. To support durability predictions, a numerical model related to the carbonation resistance of concrete was developed. The model couples the rate of carbonation with the drying rate. This paper presents the accelerated carbonation and moisture transport exper- iments performed to calibrate and verify the numerical model. They were conducted on mortars with a water-cement ratio of either 0.6 or 0.5, incorporating either a novel cement CEM II/C (S-LL) (EnM group) or commercially available CEM II/A-S cement (RefM group). The carbonation rate was determined by visual assessment and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Moisture transport experi- ments, consisting of drying and resaturation, utilized the gravimetric method. Higher carbonation rates expressed in mm/day−0.5 were found in the EnM group than in the RefM group. However, the TGA showed that the initial portlandite (CH) content was lower in the EnM than in the RefM, which could explain the difference in carbonation rates. The resaturation experiments indicate an increase in the suction porosity in the carbonated specimens compared to the non-carbonated specimens. The study concludes that low clinker content causes lower resistance to carbonation, since less CH is available in the surface layers; thus, the carbonation front progresses more rapidly towards the core.
Ključne besede: mortar, absorption of water, carbonation, durability assessment, model verification
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 05.07.2023; Ogledov: 160; Prenosov: 109
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