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Iskalni niz: "ključne besede" (cancer) .

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1.
2.
Slovenija 2000 in rak
A... Kocijan, 1992

Ključne besede: Fight against cancer
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 17.09.2019; Ogledov: 664; Prenosov: 212
.pdf Celotno besedilo (125,63 KB)

3.
Epidemiološke značilnosti raka dojk, materničnega vratu in jajčnikov v Sloveniji
Vera Pompe-Kirn, 1995

Ključne besede: Cancer registry
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 17.09.2019; Ogledov: 868; Prenosov: 236
.pdf Celotno besedilo (645,58 KB)

4.
Epidemiološke značilnosti raka prebavil v Sloveniji
Vera Pompe-Kirn, 1997

Ključne besede: Cancer registry, Cancer incidence
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 17.09.2019; Ogledov: 807; Prenosov: 234
.pdf Celotno besedilo (469,52 KB)

5.
Rak pri otrocih
Gabrijela Petrič-Grabnar, 1995

Ključne besede: Cancer incidence
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 04.02.2020; Ogledov: 534; Prenosov: 219
.pdf Celotno besedilo (584,57 KB)

6.
Increasing the dose intensity of chemotherapy by more frequent administration or sequential scheduling : a patient-level meta-analysis of 37 298 women with early breast cancer in 26 randomised trials
2019

Povzetek: Background: Increasing the dose intensity of cytotoxic therapy by shortening the intervals between cycles, or by giving individual drugs sequentially at full dose rather than in lower-dose concurrent treatment schedules, might enhance efficacy. Methods: To clarify the relative benefits and risks of dose-intense and standard-schedule chemotherapy in early breast cancer, we did an individual patient-level meta-analysis of trials comparing 2-weekly versus standard 3-weekly schedules, and of trials comparing sequential versus concurrent administration of anthracycline and taxane chemotherapy. The primary outcomes were recurrence and breast cancer mortality. Standard intention-to-treat log-rank analyses, stratified by age, nodal status, and trial, yielded dose-intense versus standard-schedule first-event rate ratios (RRs). Findings: Individual patient data were provided for 26 of 33 relevant trials identified, comprising 37,298 (93%) of 40,070 women randomised. Most women were aged younger than 70 years and had node-positive disease. Total cytotoxic drug usage was broadly comparable in the two treatment arms; colony-stimulating factor was generally used in the more dose-intense arm. Combining data from all 26 trials, fewer breast cancer recurrences were seen with dose-intense than with standard-schedule chemotherapy (10-year recurrence risk 28.0% vs 31.4%; RR 0.86, 95% CI 0.82-0.89; p<0.0001). 10-year breast cancer mortality was similarly reduced (18.9% vs 21.3%; RR 0.87, 95% CI 0.83-0.92; p<0.0001), as was all-cause mortality (22.1% vs 24.8%; RR 0.87, 95% CI 0.83-0.91; p<0.0001). Death without recurrence was, if anything, lower with dose-intense than with standard-schedule chemotherapy (10-year risk 4.1% vs 4.6%; RR 0.88, 95% CI 0.78-0.99; p=0.034). Recurrence reductions were similar in the seven trials (n=10,004) that compared 2-weekly chemotherapy with the same chemotherapy given 3-weekly (10-year risk 24.0% vs 28.3%; RR 0.83, 95% CI 0.76-0.91; p<0.0001), in the six trials (n=11,028) of sequential versus concurrent anthracycline plus taxane chemotherapy (28.1% vs 31.3%; RR 0.87, 95% CI 0.80-0.94; p=0.0006), and in the six trials (n=6532) testing both shorter intervals and sequential administration (30.4% vs 35.0%; RR 0.82, 95% CI 0.74-0.90; p<0.0001). The proportional reductions in recurrence with dose-intense chemotherapy were similar and highly significant (p<0.0001) in oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive and ER-negative disease and did not differ significantly by other patient or tumour characteristics. Interpretation: Increasing the dose intensity of adjuvant chemotherapy by shortening the interval between treatment cycles, or by giving individual drugs sequentially rather than giving the same drugs concurrently, moderately reduces the 10-year risk of recurrence and death from breast cancer without increasing mortality from other causes.
Ključne besede: breast neoplasms, women, drug therapy, clinical protocols, meta-analysis, breast cancer, chemotherapy, treatment schedule, randomized trials
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 22.10.2020; Ogledov: 243; Prenosov: 118
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)

7.
Expenditures on oncology drugs and cancer mortality-to-incidence ratio in Central and Eastern Europe
Eduard Vrdoljak, Gyorgy Bodoky, Jacek Jassem, Razvan A. Popescu, Robert Pirker, Tanja Čufer, Semir Beslija, Alexsandru Eniu, Vladimir Todorović, Katerina Kopečková, 2019

Povzetek: Background. There is a steady decline in cancer mortality in Western Europe (WE), but this trend is not so obvious in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). One of the largest discrepancies between WE and CEE is the level of investment in cancer care. The objective of our analysis was to examine the correlation between mortality-to-incidence (M/I) ratio and expenditures on oncology drugs in CEE and WE. Materials and Methods. This cross-sectional analysis was done on publicly available data. Data on expenditures for oncology drugs were obtained from QuintilesIMS, and data on M/I ratio from Globocan. The main outcome was mortality-to-incidence ratio, and the primary analysis was performed by Spearman's rank correlation. Results. There is a large discrepancy in expenditure on oncology drugs per cancer case between WE and CEE, and within CEE. Average expenditure on oncology drugs per capita as well as per new cancer case was 2.5 times higher in WE than in CEE. Availability of oncology drugs was highest in Germany (100%), relatively similar in WE (average of 91%), but in CEE it ranged from 37% to 86%, with an average of 70%. Annual expenditures on all oncology drugs per new cancer case was significantly negatively correlated with the M/I ratio (Spearman's p = -0.90, p < .001). Conclusion. There is a financial threshold for oncology drugs per cancer case needed to increase survival. Based on significantly lower expenditures for oncology drugs in CEE in comparison with WE, more investment for drugs as well as better, more organized,value-oriented consumption is needed. Implications for Practice. Cancer is not treated equally successfully in Western Europe (WE) and in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). This study showed that success in treatment of cancer is associated with the amount of money invested in oncology drugs. CEE countries spend on average 2.5 times less than WE countries for oncology drugs per new cancer case. These findings should be used by healthcare providers and oncologists struggling for more resources and better, more organized, evidence-based allocation of these resources as well as better oncology outcomes.
Ključne besede: neoplasms -- mortality -- epidemiology, incidence, pharmaceutical preparations -- economics, cancer, oncology, Central Europe, Eastern Europe, drug expenditures
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 26.10.2020; Ogledov: 258; Prenosov: 44

8.
Prognostic value of PD-L1 expression in patients with unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer treated with chemoradiotherapy
Martina Vrankar, Izidor Kern, Karmen Stanič, 2020

Povzetek: Background: Expression of PD-L1 is the most investigated predictor of benefit from immune checkpoint blockade in advanced NSCLC but little is known about the association of PD-L1 expression and clinicopathological parameters of patients with unresectable stage III NSCLC. Methods: National registry data was searched for medical records of consecutive inoperable stage III NSCLC patients treated with ChT and RT from January 2012 to December 2017. Totally 249 patients were identified that met inclusion criteria and of those 117 patients had sufficient tissue for PD-L1 immunohistochemical staining. Results: Eighty patients (68.4%) expressed PD-L1 of >- 1% and 29.9% of more than 50%. Median PFS was 15.9 months in PD-L1 negative patients and 16.1 months in patients with PD-L1 expression >- 1% (p = 0.696). Median OS in PD-L1 negative patients was 29.9 months compared to 28.5 months in patients with PD-L1 expression >- (p = 0.888). There was no difference in median OS in patients with high PD-L1 expression (>- 50%) with 29.8 months compared to 29.9 months in those with low (1-49%) or no PD-L1 expression (p = 0.694). We found that patients who received a total dose of 60 Gy or more had significantly better median OS (32 months vs. 17.5 months, p < 0.001) as well as patients with PS 0 (33.2 vs. 20.3 months, p = 0.005). Conclusions: In our patients PD-L1 expression had no prognostic value regarding PFS and OS. Patients with good performance status and those who received a total radiation dose of more than 60 Gy had significantly better mOS.
Ključne besede: non small cell lung cancer, chemoradiotherapy, stage III
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 09.11.2020; Ogledov: 186; Prenosov: 93
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)

9.
Lung cancer biomarker testing : perspective from Europe
Erik Thunnissen, Birgit Weynand, Dalma Udovicic-Gagula, Luka Brčić, Malgorzata Szolkowska, Paul Hofman, Silvana Smojver-Ježek, Sisko Anttila, Fiorella Calabrese, Izidor Kern, 2020

Povzetek: A questionnaire on biomarker testing previously used in central European countries was extended and distributed in Western and Central European countries to the pathologists participating at the Pulmonary Pathology Society meeting 26-28 June 2019 in Dubrovnik, Croatia. Each country was represented by one responder. For recent biomarkers the availability and reimbursement of diagnoses of molecular alterations in non-small cell lung carcinoma varies widely between different, also western European, countries. Reimbursement of such assessments varies widely between unavailability and payments by the health care system or even pharmaceutical companies. The support for testing from alternative sources, such as the pharmaceutical industry, is no doubt partly compensating for the lack of public health system support, but it is not a viable or long-term solution. Ideally, a structured access to testing and reimbursement should be the aim in order to provide patients with appropriate therapeutic options. As biomarker enabled therapies deliver a 50% better probability of outcome success, improved and unbiased reimbursement remains a major challenge for the future.
Ključne besede: lung neoplasms -- diagnosis -- therapy -- Europe, lung cancer, predictive testing
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 21.09.2020; Ogledov: 392; Prenosov: 151
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)

10.
Trained facilitators' experiences with structured advance care planning conversations in oncology : an international focus group study within the ACTION trial
Marieke Zwakman, K. Pollock, Francesco Bulli, Glenys Caswell, Branka Červ, Johannes JM van Delden, Luc Deliens, Agnes van der Heide, Lea J. Jabbarian, Hana Kodba Čeh, Urška Lunder, Anja Simonič, 2019

Povzetek: Background: In oncology, health care professionals often experience conducting advance care planning (ACP) conversations as difficult and are hesitant to start them. A structured approach could help to overcome this. In the ACTION trial, a Phase III multi-center cluster-randomized clinical trial in six European countries (Belgium, Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, Slovenia, United Kingdom), patients with advanced lung or colorectal cancer are invited to have one or two structured ACP conversations with a trained facilitator. It is unclear how trained facilitators experience conducting structured ACP conversations. This study aims to understand how facilitators experience delivering the ACTION Respecting Choices (RC) ACP conversation. Methods: A qualitative study involving focus groups with RC facilitators. Focus group interviews were recorded, transcribed, anonymized, translated into English, and thematically analysed, supported by NVivo 11. The international research team was involved in data analysis from initial coding and discussion towards final themes. Results: Seven focus groups were conducted, involving 28 of in total 39 trained facilitators, with different professional backgrounds from all participating countries. Alongside some cultural differences, six themes were identified. These reflect that most facilitators welcomed the opportunity to participate in the ACTION trial, seeing it as a means of learning new skills in an important area. The RC script was seen as supportive to ask questions, including those perceived as difficult to ask, but was also experienced as a barrier to a spontaneous conversation. Facilitators noticed that most patients were positive about their ACTION RC ACP conversation, which had prompted them to become aware of their wishes and to share these with others. The facilitators observed that it took patients substantial effort to have these conversations. In response, facilitators took responsibility for enabling patients to experience a conversation from which they could benefit. Facilitators emphasized the need for training, support and advanced communication skills to be able to work with the script. Conclusions: Facilitators experienced benefits and challenges in conducting scripted ACP conversations. They mentioned the importance of being skilled and experienced in carrying out ACP conversations in order to be able to explore the patients' preferences while staying attuned to patients' needs.
Ključne besede: ACTION study, cancer, facilitator, patients, respecting choices, experience
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 23.09.2020; Ogledov: 336; Prenosov: 171
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)

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