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Objava izsledkov kliničnih raziskav
Primož Strojan, 2024, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Ključne besede: onkologija, raziskovanje, klinične raziskave
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 24.04.2024; Ogledov: 87; Prenosov: 23
.pdf Celotno besedilo (116,04 KB)

Prognostic value of some tumor markers in unresectable stage IV oropharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with concomitant radiochemotherapy
Erika Šoba, Marjan Budihna, Alojz Šmid, Nina Gale, Hotimir Lešničar, Branko Zakotnik, Primož Strojan, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The aim of the study was to investigate how the expression of tumor markers p21, p27, p53, cyclin D1, EGFR, Ki-67, and CD31 influenced the outcome of advanced inoperable oropharyngeal carcinoma patients, treated with concomitant radiochemotherapy. Patients and methods. The pretreatment biopsy specimens of 74 consecutive patients with inoperable stage IV oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated with concomitant radiochemotherapy were in retrospective study processed by immunochemistry for p21, p27, p53, cyclin D1, EGFR, Ki-67, and CD31. Disease-free survival (DFS) was assessed according to the expression of tumor markers. Results. Patients with a high expression of p21 (%10%), p27 (>50%), Ki-67 (>50%), CD31 (>130 vessels/mm2) and low expression of p53 (<10%), cyclin D1 (<10%) and EGFR (<10%) (favorable levels - FL) had better DFS than patients with a low expression of p21 (<10%), p27 (%50%), Ki-67 (%50%), CD31 (<130 vessels/mm2) and high expression of p53 (%10%), cyclin D1 (%10%) and EGFR (%10%) (unfavorable levels - UL). However, statistical significance in survival between FL and UL was achieved only for p27 and cyclin D1. DFS significantly decreased with an increasing number of markers with an unfavorable level per tumor (1%4 vs. 5%7) (78% vs. 32%, respectively; p = 0.004). The number of markers per tumor with UL of expression retained prognostic significance also in multivariate analysis. Conclusions. Statistical significance in survival between FL and UL emerged only for p27 and cyclin D1. The number of markers per tumor with UL of expression was an independent prognostic factor for an adverse outcome .
Ključne besede: oropharynx, radiochemotherapy, tumor markers
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 22.04.2024; Ogledov: 85; Prenosov: 20
.pdf Celotno besedilo (560,05 KB)

Radiotherapy for inverted papilloma : a case report and review of the literature
Primož Strojan, Simona Jereb, Imre Boršoš, Jasna But-Hadžić, Nina Zidar, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Objavljeno v DiRROS: 22.03.2024; Ogledov: 144; Prenosov: 42
.pdf Celotno besedilo (961,47 KB)

Effects of electrochemotherapy on immunologically important modifications in tumor cells
Urša Kešar, Boštjan Markelc, Tanja Jesenko, Katja Uršič Valentinuzzi, Maja Čemažar, Primož Strojan, Gregor Serša, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Electrochemotherapy (ECT) is a clinically acknowledged method that combines the use of anticancer drugs and electrical pulses. Electrochemotherapy with bleomycin (BLM) can induce immunogenic cell death (ICD) in certain settings. However, whether this is ubiquitous over different cancer types and for other clinically relevant chemotherapeutics used with electrochemotherapy is unknown. Here, we evaluated in vitro in the B16-F10, 4T1 and CT26 murine tumor cell lines, the electrochemotherapy triggered changes in the ICD-associated damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs): Calreticulin (CRT), ATP, High Mobility Group Box 1 (HMGB1), and four immunologically important cellular markers: MHCI, MHC II, PD-L1 and CD40. The changes in these markers were investigated in time up to 48 h after ECT. We showed that electrochemotherapy with all three tested chemotherapeutics induced ICD-associated DAMPs, but the induced DAMP signature was cell line and chemotherapeutic concentration specific. Similarly, electrochemotherapy with CDDP, OXA or BLM modified the expression of MHC I, MHC II, PD-L1 and CD40. The potential of electrochemotherapy to change their expression was also cell line and chemotherapeutic concentration specific. Our results thus put the electrochemotherapy with clinically relevant chemotherapeutics CDDP, OXA and BLM on the map of ICD inducing therapies.
Ključne besede: electrochemotherapy, cisplatin, immune response
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 21.03.2024; Ogledov: 133; Prenosov: 95
.pdf Celotno besedilo (7,17 MB)
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Image cytometric nuclear texture features in inoperable head and neck cancer : a pilot study
Margareta Strojan Fležar, Jaka Lavrenčak, Mario Žganec, Primož Strojan, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Background. Image cytometry can measure numerous nuclear features which could be considered a surrogate end-point marker of molecular genetic changes in a nucleus. The aim of the study was to analyze image cytometric nuclear featuresin paired samples of primary tumor and neck metastasis in patients with inoperable carcinoma of the head and neck. Materials and methods. Image cytometric analysis of cell suspensions prepared from primary tumor tissue andfine needle aspiration biopsy cell samples of neck metastases from 21 patients treated with concomitant radiochemotherapy was performed. Nuclear features were correlated with clinical characteristics and response to therapy. Results. Manifestation of distant metastases and new primaries was associated (p<0.05) with several chromatin characteristics from primary tumor cells, whereas the origin of index cancer and disease response in the neck wasrelated to those in the cells from metastases. Many nuclear features of primary tumors and metastases correlated with the TNM stage. Conclusions. A specific pattern of correlation between well-established prognostic indicatorsand nuclear features of samples from primary tumors and those from neck metastases was observed. Image cytometric nuclear features represent a promising candidate marker for recognition of biologically different tumor subgroups.
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 19.03.2024; Ogledov: 145; Prenosov: 33
.pdf Celotno besedilo (427,02 KB)

Role of radiotherapy in melanoma management
Primož Strojan, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Objavljeno v DiRROS: 14.03.2024; Ogledov: 154; Prenosov: 37
.pdf Celotno besedilo (928,27 KB)

Radiotherapy in palliative treatment of painful bone metastases
Andreja Gojkovič Horvat, Viljem Kovač, Primož Strojan, 2009, pregledni znanstveni članek

Objavljeno v DiRROS: 08.03.2024; Ogledov: 164; Prenosov: 32
.pdf Celotno besedilo (101,37 KB)

Cysteine cathepsins and stefins in head and neck cancer : an update of clinical studies
Primož Strojan, 2008, pregledni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Background. Cancer of the head and neck represents a diverse group of malignant diseases; so far, no factor in a wide spectrum of biochemical and histological candidate-markers has yet been identified to predict reliably thenatural course of the disease or its response to the therapy to be used in routine clinical practice. Among the factors that promote tumor growth and invasion, several protease systems, implemented in proteolytic degradation of extracellular matrix components, were studied, including papain-like lysosomalcysteine proteases (e.g. cathepsins B and L) and their physiological inhibitors cystatins (e.g. stefins A and B, cystatin C). The aim of the present report is to review the published studies on clinical applicability ofcysteine cathepsins and their endogenous inhibitors stefins in squamous cellcarcinoma of the head and neck and to present recent research results fromthis area conducted jointly by the Institute of Oncology Ljubljana and ENTDepartment of the University Medical Center Ljubljana, Slovenia. Conclusions. According to our experience, immunohistochemical staining of cysteine cathepsins and stefins seems to be of limited value for predicting either treatment response or patientsć survival. However, the results of studies on stefin A in tumor tissue cytosols should be considered hypothesis-generating and deserves further evaluation in the frame of prospective controlled multicentric clinical study.
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 08.03.2024; Ogledov: 126; Prenosov: 38
.pdf Celotno besedilo (988,33 KB)

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