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Iskalni niz: "avtor" (Nina Šramel) .

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Agricultural landscape affects sex-specific differences in the abundance of Drosophila suzukii in raspberry orchards
Maarten De Groot, Magda Rak Cizej, Andreja Kavčič, Špela Modic, Franček Poličnik, Nina Šramel, Primož Žigon, Jaka Razinger, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: In recent decades, the spotted wing Drosophila (SWD) (Drosophila suzukii), an invasive pest, has caused a great deal of damage to fruit crops. There is therefore an urgent need to develop strategies to control the populations of this species. It has been found that the landscape context can buffer or increase the severity of pest outbreaks in agriculture, and it is important to understand how this process works in SWD for all crops. Given this background, we investigated the influence of forest on SWD populations in raspberry orchards and surrounding agricultural land. We selected 10 locations in the central part of Slovenia, five of which were closer than 200 m from the forest edge and five of which were more than 200 m from the forest edge. We collected SWD adults in three habitat types per location from the end of June until the end of October 2020. The results showed that forest harboured a larger SWD population than orchards and agricultural land. Over the season, the number of individuals increased exponentially over time, and the difference between forest and other habitat types increased. The distance from the forest had a negative effect on the abundance of SWD. There was a difference in abundance observed between males and females, with males being less abundant farther away from the forest than females. However, the distance from the forest only had a negative effect on the abundance of females in September. Based on the results, we propose potential measures for the control of SWD in raspberry orchards.
Ključne besede: agricultural ecosystem, integrated pest management, invasive species, raspberry, spotted wing drosophila
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 15.11.2021; Ogledov: 350; Prenosov: 306
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,30 MB)
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Estimating the most effective and economical pheromone for monitoring the European spruce bark beetle
Nina Šramel, Andreja Kavčič, Marija Kolšek, Maarten De Groot, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: In recent decades, there have been an increasing number of outbreaks of Ips typographus in Europe. A large amount of sanitary felling has taken place, with significant economic and ecological consequences. In order to anticipate such large%scale outbreaks, an effective monitoring system should be set up. One important aspect of monitoring is deciding which pheromone to use. Therefore, we decided to test five different commercially available pheromone lures under different disturbance conditions: Pheroprax%, IT Ecolure Extra%, Ipstyp%, Ipsowit% and Typosan%. We investigated the ability of the pheromones to distinguish between disturbed and undisturbed locations, their cost%efficiency ratio, and side effects such as bycatch abundance and composition. We set 50 traps in two areas with sites that were disturbed and undisturbed by windstorms. We collected the catch from traps every 1%2 weeks from the end of March until the end of September in 2019. We found that IT Ecolure Extra%, Ipsowit% and % Pheroprax% caught the most I. typographus and best showed changes in the trap catch of I. typographus throughout the whole season. There was a low amount of bycatch (<6% of the total catch) and a low number of predators (a few specimens), but some groups seem to prefer certain pheromones. The cost of the pheromones increased with their effectiveness. However, pheromone costs are low relative to the personnel costs involved in setting traps and collecting the catch. Based on all of the gathered data, we created an index which helps to assess the cost%efficiency of the five chosen commercially available pheromones. We also present guidelines on how to make such an index to assist other researchers in choosing the right pheromone for monitoring populations of I. typographus or other bark beetle species.
Ključne besede: bark beetles, cost-efficiency, Ips typographus, monitoring pheromones, Picea abies
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 21.01.2021; Ogledov: 781; Prenosov: 357
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,21 MB)
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Orehova čipkarka (Corythucha juglandis)
Nina Šramel, 2020, strokovni članek

Ključne besede: varstvo gozdov, karantenski organizmi
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 14.12.2020; Ogledov: 879; Prenosov: 259
.pdf Celotno besedilo (194,14 KB)

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