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Iskalni niz: "avtor" (Lev Matoh) .

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Metal and non-metal modified titania : the effect of phase composition and surface area on photocatalytic activity
Boštjan Žener, Lev Matoh, Martin Reli, Andrijana Sever Škapin, Romana Cerc Korošec, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The application of TiO 2 photocatalysis in various environmental fields has been extensively studied in the last decades due to its ability to induce the degradation of adsorbed organic pollutants. In the present work, TiO 2 powders doped and co-doped with sulfur and nitrogen and modified with platinum were prepared by particulate sol-gel synthesis. PXRD measurements revealed that the replacement of HCl with H 2SO4 during synthesis reduced the size of the crystallites from ~ 30 nm to ~20 nm, increasing the surface area from ~44 m2/g to ~80 m2/g. This is consistent with the photocatalytic activity of the samples and the measured photocurrent behavior of the photocatalysts. The results showed that the prop- erties of the powders (i.e., surface area, crystallite size, photocurrent behavior) depend strongly not only on the type but also on the amount of acid and dopants used in the synthesis. Doping, co-doping and modification of TiO 2 samples with nitrogen, sulfur and platinum increased their photocatalytic activity up to 6 times.
Ključne besede: titanium dioxide, powders, doping, photocatalysis, photocurrent, SEM
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 04.05.2023; Ogledov: 461; Prenosov: 201
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,00 MB)
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Controlled growth of ZnO nanoparticles using ethanolic root extract of Japanese knotweed : photocatalytic and antimicrobial properties
Miha Ravbar, Ajda Kunčič, Lev Matoh, Sonja Smole Možina, Martin Šala, Andraž Šuligoj, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Synthesis of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) was mediated by plant extracts to assist in the reduction of zinc atoms during the synthesis and act as a capping agent during annealing.The preparation used ethanolic extracts from the roots of Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica). Two major outcomes could be made. (i)A synergistic effect of multiple polyphenolic components in the extract is needed to achieve the capping effect of crystallite growth during thermal annealing at 450 °C characterized by an exponential growth factor (n) of 4.4 compared to n = 3 for bare ZnO. (ii) Synergism between the ZnO NPs and plant extracts resulted in superior antimicrobial activity against both Gram-positive bacteria, e.g., Staphylococcus aureus, and Gram-negative bacteria, e.g., Escherichia coli and Campylobacter jejuni. The materials were also tested for their antimicrobial activity against S. aureus under ultraviolet (UV) illumination. Also here, the photocatalyst prepared with plant extracts was found to be superior. The residues of the plant extract molecules on the surface of the catalyst were identified as the main cause of the observed differences, as proved by thermal gravimetry. Such a preparation using ethanolic extract of Fallopia japonica could serve as a more controlled synthesis of ZnO and potentially other metal oxides, with low environmental impact and high abundance in nature.
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 21.11.2022; Ogledov: 556; Prenosov: 262
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,75 MB)
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