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Iskalni niz: "avtor" (Jožica Gričar) .

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How beech provenance affects the structure of secondary xylem, leaf traits, and the ectomycorrhizal community under optimal growth conditions
Tanja Mrak, Jožica Gričar, Tina Unuk Nahberger, Gregor Božič, Luka Krajnc, Peter Prislan, Domen Arnič, Tom Levanič, Hojka Kraigher, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Beyond growth parameters and drought tolerance, comparatively little is known about the functioning of different beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) provenances. We investigated properties of leaves, stem secondary xylem, and ectomycorrhiza (ECM), and explored their interdependencies to identify the best performing beech provenance in optimal growth conditions. The study was conducted on 23-year-old trees in a provenance trial. The investigated provenances originated from Atlantic (Belgium—BE), Alpine (Italy—IT, Slovenia—SI), and continental climates (the Czech Republic—CZ). A significant effect of provenance was observed for stem vessel diameters and conductive area, as well as for foliar %C, δ13C, δ15N, and δ18O. δ13C as a proxy of intrinsic water use efficiency (iWUE) showed that the highest iWUE was achieved in BE provenance. Individuals with a better iWUE had wider growth rings regardless of provenance. Better iWUE was associated with lower specific leaf area (SLA). ECM community composition and diversity indices did not differ significantly among the provenances. Specific ECM taxa were associated with individuals with high SLA, δ13C, δ15N, and δ18O. In optimal growth conditions with no stress events, BE is a promising provenance due to an efficient water conducting system with high vessel diameters and conductive area, and high iWUE, while Alpine provenances showed an adaptation of their water conducting system to freezing conditions at their original locations. Integrating findings from different compartments improves our understanding of functioning of different beech provenances.
Ključne besede: Fagus sylvatica, provenance trial, stable isotopes, specific leaf area, xylem vessels, ectomycorrhizal fungi
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 19.04.2024; Ogledov: 13; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,11 MB)
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Poročilo : Makro in mikro analiza vzorcev lesa za identifikacijo (javor)
Jožica Gričar, Gregor Skoberne, Peter Prislan, 2024, elaborat, predštudija, študija

Ključne besede: gozdarstvo, les, makro analize, mikro analize, javor, identifikacija
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 15.04.2024; Ogledov: 68; Prenosov: 13
.pdf Celotno besedilo (982,34 KB)

Makroskopske in mikroskopske značilnosti lesa : topoli (Populus spp.)
Jožica Gričar, Peter Prislan, 2023, strokovni članek

Ključne besede: anatomija lesa, značilnosti lesa, drevesne vrste
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 29.02.2024; Ogledov: 119; Prenosov: 34
.pdf Celotno besedilo (244,54 KB)

Temporal and spatial variability of phloem structure in Picea abies and Fagus sylvatica and its link to climate
Jožica Gričar, Jernej Jevšenak, Kyriaki Giagli, Klemen Eler, Dimitrios Tsalagkas, Vladimir Gryc, Hanuš Vavrčík, Katarina Čufar, Peter Prislan, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Using a unique 8-year data set (2010–2017) of phloem data, we studied the effect of temperature and precipitation on the phloem anatomy (conduit area, widths of ring, early and late phloem) and xylem-ring width in two coexisting temperate tree species, Picea abies and Fagus sylvatica, from three contrasting European temperate forest sites. Histometric analyses were performed on microcores taken from tree stems in autumn. We found high interannual variability and sensitivity of phloem anatomy and xylem-ring widths to precipitation and temperature; however, the responses were species- and site-specific. The contrasting response of xylem and phloem-ring widths of the same tree species to weather conditions was found at the two Slovenian sites generally well supplied with precipitation, while at the driest Czech site, the influence of weather factors on xylem and phloem ring widths was synchronised. Since widths of mean annual xylem and phloem increments were narrowest at the Czech site, this site is suggested to be most restrictive for the radial growth of both species. By influencing the seasonal patterns of xylem and phloem development, water availability appears to be the most important determinant of tissue- and species-specific responses to local weather conditions.
Ključne besede: wood anatomy, early phloem, European beech, late phloem, Norway spruce, sieve element area, xylem-ring width
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 19.01.2024; Ogledov: 205; Prenosov: 89
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,31 MB)
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Fertilisation with potato starch wastewater effect on the growth of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forest in Poland
Nella Waszak, Filipe Campelo, Iain Robertson, Radosław Puchałka, Fatima-Zahraa El Balghiti, Jožica Gričar, Ali Boularbah, M. Koprowski, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Fertilisation is often used to increase plant productivity in agriculture but has also been used in forestry. In our study, Scots pine forest growing in a nitrogen-poor environment was fertilised with NPK post-production wastewater from a potato starch factory. Our research aimed to investigate the dependence of tree growth on different NPK concentrations. Cell characteristics such as cell wall thickness (CWT), lumen diameter (LD) and tree-ring features such as ring width (RW), total number of cells in annual growth (nTotal), earlywood (EW) and latewood (LW) were investigated. Twenty-six years of regular fertilisation of the forest with different doses of wastewater rich in NPK elements have affected the anatomical structure of Scots pine trees. It is presumed that the reduction in CWT and LD on the fertilised site was due to deficiencies in plant water conductivity, which may have occurred due to physiological drought. The influence of nitrogen on unfertilised site from the wastewater area could contribute to the CWT thickening. The results confirm that the use of NPK in excessive doses is detrimental to trees' conductive system.
Ključne besede: wastewater effluents, forest fertilisation, cell measurements, tree-ring width, wood anatomy
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 03.01.2024; Ogledov: 204; Prenosov: 100
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,94 MB)
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Makroskopske in mikroskopske značilnosti lesa : lipa (Tilia spp.)
Jožica Gričar, Peter Prislan, 2023, strokovni članek

Ključne besede: anatomija lesa, značilnosti lesa, drevesne vrste
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 14.11.2023; Ogledov: 278; Prenosov: 92
.pdf Celotno besedilo (289,57 KB)

Makroskopske in mikroskopske značilnosti lesa : breza (Batula spp.)
Jožica Gričar, Peter Prislan, 2023, strokovni članek

Ključne besede: anatomija lesa, značilnosti lesa, drevesne vrste
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 03.10.2023; Ogledov: 1698; Prenosov: 78
.pdf Celotno besedilo (268,72 KB)

Poročilo : starost in anatomija skorje posebne smreke s hrastovo skorjo iz Kočevskega roga
Jožica Gričar, Gregor Skoberne, Gregor Božič, 2023, elaborat, predštudija, študija

Ključne besede: Picea abies, lubje, periderm, floem, felogen
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 16.08.2023; Ogledov: 271; Prenosov: 91
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,87 MB)

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