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Query: "author" (Gal Kušar) .

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A five-step framework for creating forests for the future
Marko Kovač, Gregor Božič, Andreja Ferreira, Gal Kušar, Boštjan Mali, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: Changing environmental conditions, disturbances, and escalating demands for forest ecosystem services require foresters to restore present forestlands with new forest generations that will exhibit ecological integrity, diversity, high adaptive capacity, and the ability to provide essential ecosystem services. Establishing such forests requires careful consideration of the forest landscape and site dynamics. In pursuit of these requirements, we developed a novel framework that enables the restoration of forest sites and promotes the desired features of the forest complex at the same time. This framework was designed with the methods of system engineering and was organized in the same way as the forest planning process. It was tested in the habitat type of Illyrian Fagus sylvatica forests belonging to the Natura 2000 network. The environmental, vegetation, and site conditions were investigated via field inspections, available forest management plans, and simple GIS analyses. Additionally, we established a seminatural stand composed of European beech, sessile oak, sycamore maple, silver fir, and some wild fruit tree species. The survival of planted species was assessed using census and simple random sampling, the performance of provenances by the Student’s test, while microhabitat factors were explored by a one-way ANOVA. The survival rate of key species was estimated to be 55.6%, while that of fruit species was estimated to be 94.5%. Our framework demonstrated satisfactory performance and contained sufficient benchmarks to facilitate consistent decision-making. In the discussion, we elucidate the framework’s primary features and attributes of the mixed stand, where we also expose some open issues to be addressed in the future.
Keywords: restoration, forest habitat type, indigenous species, planting, mixed stand, key species, fruit species
Published in DiRROS: 13.06.2024; Views: 36; Downloads: 24
.pdf Full text (3,93 MB)
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National Forest Inventory in Slovenia (history and current design)
Mitja Skudnik, Gal Kušar, 2024, other monographs and other completed works

Keywords: national forest inventory, history, statistical design
Published in DiRROS: 20.05.2024; Views: 112; Downloads: 274
.pdf Full text (7,52 MB)

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