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11.
Public preferences for the management of different invasive alien forest taxa
Anže Japelj, Jana Kus Veenvliet, Judita Malovrh, Andrej Verlič, Maarten De Groot, 2019

Abstract: Invasive alien species (IAS) require management to mitigate their impact on ecosystems. The success of management decisions often depends on whether they are socially acceptable and to what extent people are willing to be actively involved in an early warning and rapid response system (EWRR). We administered a nation-wide public poll to assess people%s knowledge on plant, insect and fungal IAS; their perception of IAS as an environmental problem; and their support for different IAS management measures. Most respondents (76%) knew the term IAS, and more than half (62%) provided a correct definition. Species with more media attention and those that are easily visible are more frequently identified correctly. Almost all respondents (97%) support an EWRR system; however, there is heterogeneity in terms of the types of actions people approve of. Non-lethal measures garner more support than lethal ones. Gender and previous knowledge also affect the level of agreement. The willingness-to-pay question largely confirmed this, as people were divided into four classes according to their preferences for either biological, mechanical or chemical measures to control IAS; completeness and location of removal; and having an EWRR established. Mechanical removal is the most preferred treatment in two of the four classes, and complete removal is preferred over partial removal in one of the four classes. Having an EWRR is consistently supported in all classes, and removal in urban areas is preferred over removal in forestland in only one class.
Keywords: Early warning and rapid response system, public attitudes, management measures, alien insects, alien plants, alien fungi
DiRROS - Published: 12.07.2019; Views: 530; Downloads: 273
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Characterizing Alpine pyrogeography from fire statistics
Marco Conedera, Patrik Krebs, Eva Valese, Giampaolo Cocca, Christian Schunk, Annette Menzel, Harald Vacik, Daniele Cane, Anže Japelj, Boštjan Muri, Carlo Ricotta, Stefano Oliveri, Gianni Boris Pezzatti, 2018

Abstract: In this paper, we describe current fire characteristics in the Alpine region using a ten-year forest fire record at the third and lowest resolution of the European Classification of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS3). To this purpose, we performed hierarchical clustering based on the Bray-Curtis dissimilarity index on five pyrogeographic metrics. This resulted in three main geographically well-distinguished clusters (Southern, Northern, and Maritime Alps) and two small groups of outliers. From a geographic point of view, we found a clear differentiation between the high fire density on the southern slope of the Alps and the substantially lower proportion of burnt areas registered in the north. The most relevant climatic (e.g., frequency and length of drought periods), environmental (e.g., vegetation types, mean elevation and predominant orientation of valleys), and socio-economic (e.g., population density and educational level) drivers for the described clusters of fire characteristics were also identified. The proposed pyrogeographic characterisation may represent an important baseline for detecting future shifts in fire occurrence or anomalous fire seasons.
Keywords: fire regime metrics, fire seasonality, fire density, cluster analysis, RDA
DiRROS - Published: 20.02.2020; Views: 136; Downloads: 85
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Three decades of urban forest and green space research and practice in Croatia and Slovenia
Silvija Krajter Ostoić, Dijana Vuletić, Špela Planinšek, Urša Vilhar, Anže Japelj, 2020

Abstract: Background and Objectives: Urban forests and green space contribute to human wellbeing. Green infrastructure is recognized by the European Union as a planning tool that contributes to the implementation of many public policies, with urban forests and green space as its main building blocks. Croatia and Slovenia are young democracies and recent members of the European Union. Hence, they also need to contribute to the implementation of those policies. Previous review studies on urban forests and green space rarely addressed scientific or professional publications in those countries. Furthermore, the body of knowledge about urban forest and green space research and practice in post-socialist countries is still rather weak. The goal of the paper is (a) to show that urban forest and green space research and practice is much stronger in these countries than it is possible to assume based only on previous review papers or only by searching Scopus andWeb of Science, and (b) to describe publications written by scientists and professionals in the past 30 years. Materials and Methods: We used a trilingual systematic literature review to identify scientific and grey literature in various databases, as well as a snowballing technique, and yielded 211 publications in Croatia and 84 in Slovenia. Results: We identified many more publications on urban forests and green space science and practice in Croatia and Slovenia than it was possible to assume based only on previous review papers and when searching solely publications in English. Croatian authors showed continuity over time in terms of number of publications, while Slovenian publications have been on the rise in the past decade. In both countries, scientific papers were most frequent, and the vast majority of studies addressed capital cities. Croatian publications mainly focused on parks and park-forests, while Slovenian publications focused on urban forests. Interestingly, Croatian authors were a%liated with over 60 organizations, and in comparison to Slovenian authors, have stronger preference towards publishing in their local language. Green space planning and design followed by resource inventory were the most frequent themes. The least addressed themes in both countries were resource management, economic aspects, policy, legislation or governance. Conclusions: Important discussion in the future, especially in Croatia, would be regulation of urban forestry as a profession. Cross-sectoral and interdisciplinary studies, as well as focusing on cities other than capitals in future, can help in addressing issues such as climate change or application of participatory approaches.
Keywords: urban forests, urban forestry, green space, post-socialist countries, grey literature
DiRROS - Published: 26.05.2020; Views: 72; Downloads: 61
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