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Title:Sistemsko zdravljenje melanoma
Authors:ID Ocvirk, Janja (Author)
Files:.pdf PDF - Presentation file, download (303,63 KB)
MD5: DF90A8A52776126A4B131190929A4C0E
 
Language:Slovenian
Typology:1.09 - Published Professional Conference Contribution
Organization:Logo OI - Institute of Oncology
Abstract:Melanom, če je odkrit dovolj zgodaj, je ozdravljiva bolezen, medtem ko v bolj napredovalih stadijih ostaja neozdravljiv. Kirurgija je še vedno osnovni način zdravljenja za lokalno, regionalno in izolirano metastatsko bolezen. Tveganje bolnikov z melanomom, debelejšim od 4 mm, za ponovitev bolezni je 50 %, bolnikov z zajetimi bezgavkami pa 50 do 85 % in je odvisno od števila zajetih bezgavk. Za to, da bi zmanjšali število ponovitev bolezni pri bolnikih z melanomom z velikim tveganjem, jih adjuvantno zdravimo z interferonom α (IFN α). IFN α je učinkovit, če ga uporabimo v visokih odmerkih. Tako zdravljeni bolniki imajo manj ponovitev bolezni in izboljšano 5-letno celokupno preživetje za 24 %. Zdravljenje ima tudi neželene učinke, ki pa so obvladljivi. Ostala zdravila v adjuvantnem zdravljenju niso toliko učinkovita, da bi značilno vplivala na preživetje. Metastatski melanom je neozdravljiva bolezen, kljub zdravljenju je preživetje bolnikov kratko. Različne sheme s kombinacijo tako citostatikov samih kot kombinacije citostatikov z imunoterapijo so dale več odgovorov na zdravljenje kot citostatiki v monoterapiji, vendar pa niso podaljšale preživetja teh bolnikov, več je bilo tudi neželenih učinkov. Tako citostatik dakarbazin v monoterapiji ostaja standardna kemoterapija zdravljenja bolnikov z metastatskim melanomom. V zadnjih letih je bilo v kliničnih raziskavah preizkušenih več novih tarčnih zdravil in imunoterapije. Klinično učinkovitost v podaljšanju časa do napredovanja bolezni in celokupnem preživetju sta izkazala ipilimumab in vemurafenib. V teku pa je še več raziskav o učinkovitosti različnih tarčnih zdravil, protiteles in najrazličnejših njihovih kombinacijah.
Keywords:sistemsko zdravljenje, melanom, zdravljenje
Year of publishing:2013
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:str. 129-131, 156
Numbering:Letn. 17, št. 2
PID:20.500.12556/DiRROS-8940 New window
UDC:616.5-006.81-085
ISSN on article:1408-1741
URN:URN:NBN:SI:doc-TF7GQAPU
COBISS.SI-ID:1697147 New window
Copyright:by Authors
Publication date in DiRROS:31.08.2018
Views:1908
Downloads:565
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Record is a part of a proceedings

Title:Melanom : šola, Ljubljana, 2013
COBISS.SI-ID:1693563 New window

Record is a part of a journal

Title:Onkologija : strokovni časopis za zdravnike
Shortened title:Onkologija
Publisher:Onkološki inštitut
ISSN:1408-1741
COBISS.SI-ID:65324032 New window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:31.08.2018

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Systemic treatment of melanoma
Abstract:Melanoma is a curable disease if detected early, but in its advanced stages, it remains incurable. Surgery is still the primary treatment for local, regional and isolated metastatic disease. The risk for disease recurrence is 50% in patients with melanoma thicker than 4 mm and 50-85% in patients with lymph node involvement, depending on the number of the involved lymph nodes. To reduce the number of disease recurrences in high-risk melanoma patients, they are treated adjuvantly with interferon-α (IFN-α). The IFN-α is effective if used in high doses. Patients undergoing such treatment are less likely to experience disease recurrence and their 5-year overall survival rate has improved by 24%. Treatment also has adverse effects that are controllable. Other medicines used in adjuvant treatment are not effective enough to significantly impact patients' survival. Metastatic melanoma is an incurable disease and patient survival is short despite treatment. Different schemes, in combination with either cytostatics alone or cytostatics with immunotherapy, induced more responses to treatment than monotherapy with cytostatics. However, they failed to prolong the survival of these patients, and resulted in a higher incidence of adverse effects. Monotherapy with the cytostatic dacarbazine thus remains the standard chemotherapy for treatment of patients with metastatic melanoma. In the last few years, clinical trials tested several new target drugs and immunotherapy. Ipilimumab and vemurafenib showed clinical effectiveness in terms of prolonging the time to disease progression and overall survival. Moreover, there are also several ongoing studies examining the effectiveness of different target drugs, antibodies and various combinations thereof.


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