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Title:Učinkovitost odstrela volkov (Canis lupus) kot ukrepa za zmanjševanje škode na domačih živalih
Authors:Krofel, Miha (Author)
Černe, Rok (Author)
Jerina, Klemen (Author)
Language:Slovenian
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organisation:Logo SciVie - Slovenian Forestry Institute
Abstract:Škoda, povzročena na domačih živalih, je ena glavnih težav pri ohranitvenem upravljanju z volkom (Canis lupus). Škodo se pogosto poskuša zmanjšati z odstrelom volkov. V pričujoči raziskavi smo analizirali učinke legalnega odstrela volkov na obseg škode v Sloveniji ter pripravili pregled podobnih raziskav iz tujine. V letih 1995-2009 je bilo legalno odstreljenih 51 volkov in zabeleženih 2221 primerov napadov volkov na domače živali. S statističnimi analizami nismo ugotovili nobenih vplivov odstrela volkov na višino škode. Učinkov odstrela ni bilo zaslediti niti tedaj, ko smo med seboj primerjali najbolj ekstremna leta. Naši rezultati se ujemajo z izsledki tujih raziskav, ki prav tako opozarjajo, da (v nasprotju s splošnim prepričanjem!) trajnostni lov volkov ni učinkovit ukrep za zmanjšanje škode. Odstrel postane učinkovit šele, če z njim iztrebimo celo populacijo ali odstranimo večino volkov iz večjega območja. Ker je škoda na drobnici v Sloveniji resen problem in ker odstrel volkov očitno nima želenega učinka, priporočamo, da se v prihodnje napori in sredstva osredotočijo v bolj učinkovite ukrepe.
Keywords:volk, odstrel, lov, škoda, ovce
Year of publishing:2011
COBISS_ID:2445391 Link is opened in a new window
UDC:630*15:599.742.11
ISSN on article:0351-3114
OceCobissID:6206978 Link is opened in a new window
URN:URN:NBN:SI:doc-RUPFELXB
Views:3103
Downloads:1114
Files:.pdf PDF - Presentation file, download (211,20 KB)
 
Journal:Zb. gozd. lesar.
Gozdarski inštitut Slovenije
 
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Effectiveness of wolf (Canis lupus) culling as a measure to reduce livestock depredations
Abstract:Livestock depredations are one of the main challenges in the management of thegrey wolf (Canis lupus) and culling of the wolves is a measure often used in an attempt to reduce damages. In the present study we analyzed effects of the legal wolf culling on livestock depredations in Slovenia and made a reviewof similar studies from other regions. 51 wolves were legally culled and2,221 attacks on livestock were recorded in Slovenia in 1995-2009. Our analysis did not show any effects of the culling on the number of depredationsduring the study period. No effects were detected even when the most extreme years were compared. Our results are in agreement with those fromother studies that showed that sustainable hunting of wolves is not an effective measure to reduce live-stock depredations. Wolf removal becomes efficient only when wolves are completely exterminated or when the majority ofwolves are removed from a large area. Because depredation of small live-stock in Slovenia presents a serious problem and since wolf culling does not seem to be efficient, we recommend that more attention and resources should be focused on more effective measures.


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