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Title:Vplivi okoljskih dejavnikov na prostorsko razporeditev divjega prašiča (Sus scrofa l.) v Sloveniji
Authors:ID Jerina, Klemen (Author)
Files:.pdf PDF - Presentation file, download (3,79 MB)
MD5: A38DE60608E4A6F0F97EA97C51A27331
PID: 20.500.12556/dirros/4abb4733-671a-4601-b898-40efa303a27e
 
Language:Slovenian
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:Logo SciVie - Slovenian Forestry Institute
Abstract:Številčnost in območje razširjenosti divjega prašiča (Sus scrofa L.) sta se v Sloveniji in drugih evropskih državah v zadnjih desetletjih občutno povečala; posledično so narasle tudi škode, ki jih povzroča v kmetijstvu. V raziskavi smo preučili, kateri okoljski dejavniki ključno vplivajo na prostorsko razporeditev divjega prašiča, in za Slovenijo ugotovili njegovo sedanje in potencialno območje razširjenosti. Raziskava temelji na velikem vzorcu (N = 5.977) georeferenciranih lokacij odvzema prašiča iz vse Slovenije in GIS-podatkovnih plasteh (25 okoljskih spremenljivk). Analize kažejo, da so gostote divjega prašiča največje v območjih: (a) z večjo razpoložljivosti energijsko bogate hrane (odrasli sestoji listavcev, krmišča) in dostopnostjo kritja (kmetijske površine blizu gozda, sukcesijske površine); (b) kjer so temperature visoke, zime mile, z malo snega (verjetnost rabe narašča s temperaturo in upada s količino padavin). Njegova prostorska razporeditev je odvisna tudi od gozdnatosti in stopnje fragmentacije gozda. Zdaj poseljuje 55 % Slovenije, njegov potencialni habitat pa obsega 67 % države. Razširjenost inštevilčnost divjega prašiča se bosta zato verjetno še povečevala, zlasti če se bodo nadaljevali sedanji trendi okoljskih sprememb (naraščanje temperature,povečevanje gozdnatosti, izginjanje iglavcev).
Keywords:divji prašič, prostorska razporeditev, okoljski dejavniki, fragmentacija, dopolnilno krmljenje, model habitata, logistična regresija
Year of publishing:2006
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:str. 3-20
Numbering:Vol. 81
PID:20.500.12556/DiRROS-7663 New window
UDC:630*11(045)
ISSN on article:0351-3114
URN:URN:NBN:SI:doc-PR1G83OL
COBISS.SI-ID:1806246 New window
Publication date in DiRROS:12.07.2017
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Downloads:1301
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Zbornik gozdarstva in lesarstva
Shortened title:Zb. gozd. lesar.
Publisher:Gozdarski inštitut Slovenije
ISSN:0351-3114
COBISS.SI-ID:6206978 New window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Effects of environmental factors on the wild boar (Sus scrofa l.) spatial distribution in Slovenia
Abstract:Population size and range of wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) have increased significantly during the past decades in Slovenia, as well as in other European countries. Simultaneously, this has caused an increase in agricultural damages. In this study, we examined the influence of various environmental factors on wild boar spatial distribution, and identified its current and potential population distribution range for Slovenia. The researchis based on a large sample (N = 5.977) of georeferenced locations of boar harvested from the entire country and on GIS data layers (25 environmental variables). Analyses revealed that wild boar densities are highest in areas: (a) with outstanding availability of energy-rich food items (i.e. adult deciduous forests with high hard mast production and supplemental feeding places) and good cover accessibility (i.e. agricultural areas near forests and early successional areas); (b) where the temperatures are high andwinters are mild with low snowfall (the probability of use increases with temperature and decreases with quantity of precipitation). Spatial distribution of wild boar also depends on the percentage of forests and the level of forest fragmentation (i.e. size of forest fragments). Currently, boars inhabit 55% of Slovenia, yet the potential habitat extends up to 67% of the country. The wild boar population size and range are therefore likely to increase, especially if the current trends of environmental changes continue, such as rising temperatures, increased forested area, and a decrease in coniferous trees.
Keywords:wild boar, Sus scrofa L., spatial distribution, environmental factors, fragmentation, supplemental feeding, habitat model, logistic regression


Collection

This document is a part of these collections:
  1. Acta Silvae et Ligni

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