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Title:Stroški dela v različicah delovnih pogojev in izkoriščenosti strojev za sečnjo
Authors:ID Krč, Janez (Author)
ID Košir, Boštjan (Author)
Files:.pdf PDF - Presentation file, download (1,94 MB)
MD5: 955F783C0F6B4A437CF39E1656FBA890
PID: 20.500.12556/dirros/eb82fba7-9613-4630-b15c-947eb4f95c73
 
Language:Slovenian
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:Logo SciVie - Slovenian Forestry Institute
Abstract:Sodobne tehnologije v procesu pridobivanja lesa zahtevajo skrbno analizo stroškov dela. V ta namen so analizirani nekateri tuji modeli računanja stroškov za strojno sečnjo. Predstavljamo program za analizo stroškov strojne sečnje, ki omogoča izdelavo kalkulacij za stroje za sečnjo in nadaljnjo analizo učinkov in stroškov pri različnih pogojih dela. Predvidene so različice za majhne in velike stroje ter za sestoje iglavcev in listavcev. Program omogoča analizo vplivnih dejavnikov na višino stroškov, med katerimi so najpomembnejši operativna stopnja izkoriščenosti strojev, analizirana v odvisnosti od učinkov in premikov stroja med delovišči, velikost delovišč, koncentracija sečenj in povprečno drevo poseka. Poleg navedenih vplivnih dejavnikov je mogoče analizirati tudi vpliv letne stopnje izkoriščenosti stroja na višino stroškov strojnega dela. Analize so pokazale, da se v splošnem pojavijo največje razlike v stroških dela pri kombinaciji koncentracije 30-40 m3/ha in 0,3 m3 povprečnega drevesa poseka.
Keywords:strojna sečnja, kalkulacija stroškov, izkoriščenost strojev, delovne razmere, premiki, model
Year of publishing:2004
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:str. 105-120
Numbering:Vol. 75
PID:20.500.12556/DiRROS-7618 New window
UDC:630*36:206:331(045)
ISSN on article:0351-3114
URN:URN:NBN:SI:doc-AV6UQRU5
COBISS.SI-ID:1437606 New window
Publication date in DiRROS:12.07.2017
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Downloads:1188
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Zbornik gozdarstva in lesarstva
Shortened title:Zb. gozd. lesar.
Publisher:Gozdarski inštitut Slovenije
ISSN:0351-3114
COBISS.SI-ID:6206978 New window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Labour costs in diverse forest work conditions and utilization of wood harvesters
Abstract:In contemporary wood production technologies, there is an urgent demand for precise forest operation cost analyses. Some examples of cost calculation for mechanized cutting are analyzed. A new computer procedure for cost calculationis presented. The procedure enables forest operation cost calculation and analyses of productivity in different work conditions. Forest operation productivity for small and big harvesters in coniferous and deciduous stands can be selected. The program also enables analyses of influential factors which affect mechanized cutting costs. The most important influential factor is the operational degree of utilization, which is influenced by transfer of machines between work fields, size of work fields, cutting and tree volume. It is also possible to conduct sensitivity analyses of machine utilization expressed in working hours per year. Generally, sensitivity analyses showed that the labour cost differences are highest at the cutting volume of 40-50m3/ha and 0.3 m3 mean tree volume.
Keywords:mechanized cutting, cost calculation, utilization of machines, forest work conditions, machine transfer, model


Collection

This document is a part of these collections:
  1. Acta Silvae et Ligni

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