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Title:Functional characteristics and subjective disease perception in patients with COVID-19 two months after hospital discharge
Authors:ID Teraž, Kaja (Author)
ID Šimunič, Boštjan (Author)
ID Peskar, Manca (Author)
ID Marušič, Uroš (Author)
ID Pišot, Saša (Author)
ID Šlosar, Luka (Author)
ID Gasparini, Mladen (Author)
ID Pišot, Rado (Author)
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MD5: 4A4A3137E54B360531BC51F854117CA9
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:Logo ZRS Koper - Science and Research Centre Koper
Abstract:Introduction: Although early inpatient and post-hospital rehabilitation is recognized as necessary, not all COVID-19 patients have access to rehabilitation. There are no published reports in the literature that investigate the outcomes of patients who do not receive rehabilitation after COVID-19. Our aim was to evaluate possible improvements in determinate functional and psychological parameters in COVID19 patients two months after their hospital discharge. Methods: On both time points various motor, cognitive, and clinical measurements such as body composition, tensiomyography, blood pressure, spirometry, grip strength test, Timed Up and Go test, gait speed, 30-second chair-stand test, and Montreal Cognitive Assessment, were performed. Additionally, questionnaires such as the SARC-CalF test, Edmonton frail scale, International Physical Activity questionnaire andThe Mediterranean Lifestyle index were conducted to assess lifestyle characteristics. Results: A total of 39 patients (87.2% male; mean age of 59.1 ± 10.3 years), who were hospitalized due to COVID-19 at the Izola General Hospital (IGH), Slovenia between December 2020 and April 2021, were included. Patients were assessed at two time points (T1 and T2): T1 was taken after receiving a negative COVID-19 test and T2 was taken two months after T1. After two months of self-rehabilitation, we have detected a BMI increase (p < .001), fat free mass increase (p < .001), better Edmonton frail scale (p < .001), SARC-CalF score (p = .014) and MoCA score (p = .014). There were no detected changes in lifestyle habits nor in physical performance tests. Discussion: It is already known that COVID-19 has long-term negative consequences regardless of the stage of the disease. Our findings support the notion that patients cannot fully regain all their functions within a two-month period without receiving structured or supervised rehabilitation. Therefore, it is crucial to offer patients comprehensive and structured rehabilitation that incorporates clinical, cognitive, and motor exercises.
Keywords:pandemics, coronavirus, functional improvement, hospital stay, health perception
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Article acceptance date:10.07.2023
Publication date:21.07.2023
Year of publishing:2023
Number of pages:11 str.
Numbering:Vol. 4, [article no.] ǂ1209900
PID:20.500.12556/DiRROS-16724 New window
ISSN on article:2673-6861
DOI:10.3389/fresc.2023.1209900 New window
COBISS.SI-ID:159829251 New window
Copyright:© 2023 Teraž, Šimunič, Peskar, Marusic, Pišot, Šlosar, Gasparini and Pišot
Note:Nasl. z nasl. zaslona; Soavtorji: Boštjan Šimunič, Manca Peskar, Uroš Marušič, Saša Pišot, Luka Šlosar, Malden Gasparini, Rado Pišot; Opis vira z dne 26. 7. 2023;
Publication date in DiRROS:26.07.2023
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Frontiers in rehabilitation sciences
Shortened title:Front. rehabilit. sci.
Publisher:Frontiers Media
COBISS.SI-ID:50017027 New window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:P5-0381
Name:Kineziologija za kakovost življenja

Funder:EC - European Commission
Funding programme:H2020
Project number:952401
Name:TWINning the BRAIN with machine learning for neuro-muscular efficiency


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:21.07.2023

Secondary language

Keywords:okrevanje, bivanje v bolnišnici, funkcionalno okrevanje, zazanavanje zdravja