Digital repository of Slovenian research organisations

Show document
A+ | A- | Help | SLO | ENG

Title:Sarcopenia parameters in active older adults – an eight-year longitudinal study
Authors:ID Teraž, Kaja (Author)
ID Marušič, Uroš (Author)
ID Kalc, Miloš (Author)
ID Šimunič, Boštjan (Author)
ID Pori, Primož (Author)
ID Grassi, Bruno (Author)
ID Lazzer, Stefano (Author)
ID Narici, Marco Vicenzo (Author)
ID Gabrijelčič Blenkuš, Mojca (Author)
ID Di Prampero, Pietro Enrico (Author)
ID Reggiani, Carlo (Author)
ID Passaro, Angelina (Author)
ID Biolo, Gianni (Author)
ID Gasparini, Mladen (Author)
ID Pišot, Rado (Author)
Files:URL URL - Source URL, visit
.pdf PDF - Presentation file, download (1,47 MB)
MD5: 41E8F56DA7946D4D42E84EED762E8E0E
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:Logo ZRS Koper - Science and Research Centre Koper
Abstract:Background Sarcopenia is a common skeletal muscle syndrome that is common in older adults but can be mitigated by adequate and regular physical activity. The development and severity of sarcopenia is favored by several factors, the most influential of which are a sedentary lifestyle and physical inactivity. The aim of this observational longitudinal cohort study was to evaluate changes in sarcopenia parameters, based on the EWGSOP2 definition in a population of active older adults after eight years. It was hypothesized that selected active older adults would perform better on sarcopenia tests than the average population. Methods The 52 active older adults (22 men and 30 women, mean age: 68.4±5.6 years at the time of their first evaluation) participated in the study at two time points eight-years apart. Three sarcopenia parameters were assessed at both time points: Muscle strength (handgrip test), skeletal muscle mass index, and physical performance (gait speed), these parameters were used to diagnose sarcop0enia according to the EWGSOP2 definition. Additional motor tests were also performed at follow-up measurements to assess participants’ overall fitness. Participants self-reported physical activity and sedentary behavior using General Physical Activity Questionnaire at baseline and at follow-up measurements. Results In the first measurements we did not detect signs of sarcopenia in any individual, but after 8 years, we detected signs of sarcopenia in 7 participants. After eight years, we detected decline in ; muscle strength (-10.2%; p<.001), muscle mass index (-5.4%; p<.001), and physical performance measured with gait speed (-28.6%; p<.001). Similarly, self-reported physical activity and sedentary behavior declined, too (-25.0%; p=.030 and −48.5%; p<.001, respectively). Conclusions Despite expected lower scores on tests of sarcopenia parameters due to age-related decline, participants performed better on motor tests than reported in similar studies. Nevertheless, the prevalence of sarcopenia was consistent with most of the published literature. Trial registration The clinical trial protocol was registered on, identifier: NCT04899531
Keywords:elderly, physical activities, sedentary behavior, skeletal muscle disorder, sarcopenia
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Publication date:18.05.2023
Year of publishing:2023
Number of pages:13 str.
Numbering:Vol. 23, [article no. ] ǂ917
PID:20.500.12556/DiRROS-16589 New window
ISSN on article:1471-2458
DOI:10.1186/s12889-023-15734-4 New window
COBISS.SI-ID:153793027 New window
Copyright:© The Author(s) 2023.
Note:Nasl. z nasl. zaslona; Soavtorji: Uros Marusic, Miloš Kalc, Boštjan Šimunič, Primož Pori, Bruno Grassi, Stefano Lazzer, Marco Vicenzo Narici, Mojca Gabrijelčič Blenkuš, Pietro Enrico di Prampero, Carlo Reggiani, Angelina Passaro, Gianni Biolo, Mladen Gasparini, Rado Pišot; Opis vira z dne 29. 5. 2023;
Publication date in DiRROS:29.05.2023
Copy citation
Share:Bookmark and Share

Hover the mouse pointer over a document title to show the abstract or click on the title to get all document metadata.

Record is a part of a journal

Title:BMC public health
Shortened title:BMC Public Health
Publisher:BioMed Central
COBISS.SI-ID:2446356 New window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:P5-0381
Name:Kineziologija za kakovost življenja

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:L5-5550
Name:Definicija neinvazivne metode vrednotenja mišične atrofije: od validacije do aplikacije

Funder:EC - European Commission
Funding programme:Program čezmejnega sodelovanja Slovenija-Italija 2007-2013
Project number:CB147
Name:Telesna aktivnost in prehrana za kakovostno staranje


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:19.05.2023

Secondary language

Keywords:gibalna aktivnost, sedentarnost, sarkopenija