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Title:The differences of Slovenian and Italian daily practices experienced in the first wave of covid-19 pandemic
Authors:ID Pišot, Saša (Author)
ID Šimunič, Boštjan (Author)
ID Gentile, Ambra (Author)
ID Bianco, Antonino (Author)
ID Lo Coco, Gianluca (Author)
ID Pišot, Rado (Author)
ID Drid, Patrik (Author)
ID Milovanović, Ivana (Author)
Files:.pdf PDF - Presentation file, download (1,19 MB)
MD5: 1E4F9911A5B5F0F85DB5BA387478BBC6
URL URL - Source URL, visit
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:Logo ZRS Koper - Science and Research Centre Koper
Abstract:Background: The COVID-19 pandemic situation with the lockdown of public life caused serious changes in people’s everyday practices. The study evaluates the diferences between Slovenia and Italy in health-related everyday practices induced by the restrictive measures during frst wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The cross-sectional cohort study examined changes through an online survey conducted in nine European countries from April 15–28, 2020. The survey included questions from a simple activity inventory questionnaire (SIMPAQ), the European Health Interview Survey, and some other questions. To compare diference in changes between European countries we examined Italy with severe and its neighbour country Slovenia with low incidence and victims of COVID-19 epidemic. 956 valid responses from Italy (N=511; 50% males) and Slovenia (N=445; 26% males) were investigated. Results: During the survey, there was a 4.7-fold higher incidence and 12.1-fold more deaths (per 100,000) in Italy than in Slovenia. Barring periods and measures were similar, the latter more stringent in Italy. We found more changes in Italy than in Slovenia: physical inactivity increased (Italy:+65% vs. Slovenia:+21%; p<0.001), walking time decreased (Italy: -68% vs. Slovenia: -4.4%; p<0.001); physical work increased by 38% in Slovenia (p<0.001), and recreation time decreased by 37% in Italy (p<0.001). Italians reported a decrease in quality of general health, ftness level, psychological well-being, quality of life and care for own health (p<0.001); Slovenians showed a decline in psychological well-being and quality of life (p<0.001) but generally had a higher concern for their own health (p=0.005). In pooled participants, changes in eating habits (meal size and consumption of unhealthy food), age and physical inactivity were positively correlated with increases in body mass, while changes in general well-being and concern for health were negatively correlated. Conclusion: The study shows that the negative impact of COVID -19 measures is greater in Italy where the pandemic COVID -19 was more prevalent than in Slovenia with low prevalence. Additional consideration should be given to the negative impact of COVID-19 measures on some health-related lifestyle variables when implementing further measures to mitigate the COVID-19 pandemic.
Keywords:coronavirus pandemic, pandemic measures, home confinement, public health, physical activity, physical inactivity, dietary habits, eating habits, well-being
Year of publishing:2022
Number of pages:str. 2-10
Numbering:Vol. 22 , art. no. 326
ISSN on article:1471-2458
DOI:10.1186/s12889-022-12664-5 New window
COBISS.SI-ID:97811203 New window
Copyright:© The Author(s) 2022
Note:Nasl. z nasl. zaslona; Soavtorji: Boštjan Šimunič, Ambra Gentile, Antonino Bianco, Gianluca Lo Coco, Rado Pišot, Patrik Drid, Ivana Milovanović; Opis vira z dne 17. 2. 2022;
Publication date in DiRROS:18.02.2022
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:BMC public health
Shortened title:BMC Public Health
Publisher:BioMed Central
COBISS.SI-ID:2446356 New window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project number:P5-0381
Name:Kineziologija za kakovost življenja


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:16.02.2022

Secondary language

Keywords:koronavirus, pandemije, ukrepi, gibanje, gibalna aktivnost, gibalna neaktivnost, prehranjevalne navade, javno zdravje