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Title:Climate change and disturbances will shape future temperate forests in the transition zone between Central and SE Europe
Authors:Kutnar, Lado (Author)
Kermavnar, Janez (Author)
Pintar, Anže Martin (Author)
Language:English
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organisation:Logo SciVie - Slovenian Forestry Institute
Abstract:It is expected that climate change as well as abiotic and anthropogenic disturbances will strongly influence temperate forests. Besides changes in the main climate variables, various disturbance factors may significantly worsen conditions for mesic Slovenian forests (SE Europe) dominated by European beech (Fagus sylvatica), Norway spruce (Picea abies) and European silver fir (Abies alba). In Slovenia, the climate has warmed in recent decades, with an average annual rate of increase of about 0.4°C per decade or even more than 0.5°C per decade in summer. In addition, disturbances have caused considerable damage to trees in the most extensive forest types in Slovenia, starting with a widespread ice storm in 2014, followed by bark beetle outbreaks, windthrows and salvage logging interventions. After 2014, salvage logging increased from about one third to two thirds of the total annual felling. Over the last two decades, we have observed a decline in Norway spruce growing stock, with the highest rate of decrease in areas below 500 m a.s.l., and an increasing trend for European beech. Overall, the three dominant species (beech, spruce, silver fir), which together account for more than 70% of the total growing stock, have shown a declining trend over the last 20 years. The patterns observed are broadly consistent with earlier predictions developed for different climate change scenarios and with those reported in many other European countries. Adaptive forest management, which implements close-to-nature silviculture, has been traditionally practised in the region under study and has the potential to play an important role in reducing the risks associated with the impacts of climate change and disturbances in the future.
Keywords:climate warming, disturbance factors, ice storm, bark beetle outbreaks, spruce decline, salvage logging, tree species composition, temperate forest, Slovenia
Year of publishing:2021
COBISS_ID:91675139 Link is opened in a new window
UDC:630*22:630*111+630*42+630*453
ISSN on article:1844-8135
DOI:10.15287/afr.2021.2111 Link is opened in a new window
Views:275
Downloads:171
Files:.pdf PDF - Presentation file, download (2,55 MB)
URL URL - Source URL, visit https://doi.org/10.15287/afr.2021.2111
 
Journal:Ann. Forest Res.
Editura Silvicæa
 
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Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project no.:P4-0107
Name:Gozdna biologija, ekologija in tehnologija

Funding Programme:Javna gozdarska služba
Project no.:
Name:
Acronym:JGS

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