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Title:Gene expression levels of the prolyl hydroxylase domain proteins PHD1 and PHD2 but not PHD3 are decreased in primary tumours and correlate with poor prognosis of patients with surgically resected non-small-cell lung cancer
Authors:ID Koren, Ana, Klinika Golnik (Author)
ID Rijavec, Matija, Klinika Golnik, Biotehniška fakulteta UL (Author)
ID Krumpestar, Tomaž, Klinika Golnik (Author)
ID Kern, Izidor, Klinika Golnik (Author)
ID Sadikov, Aleksander (Author)
ID Čufer, Tanja, Klinika Golnik, Medicinska fakulteta UL (Author)
ID Korošec, Peter, Klinika Golnik (Author)
Files:.pdf PDF - Presentation file, download (820,49 KB)
MD5: 85B6284F7ABC1319C112B12AAC1AE48E
URL URL - Source URL, visit
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:Logo UKPBAG - University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases Golnik
Abstract:Background: Hypoxia correlates with poor prognosis in several cancer types, including lung cancer. Prolyl hydroxylase domain proteins (PHDs) play a role in cell oxygen sensing, negatively regulating the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) pathway. Our study aim was to evaluate PHD1, PHD2 and PHD3 mRNA expression levels in primary tumours and normal lungs of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and to correlate it with selected regulators of HIF signalling, with clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival (OS). Methods: Tumour tissue samples were obtained from 60 patients with surgically resected NSCLC who were treated with radical surgery. In 22 out of 60 cases, matching morphologically normal lung tissue was obtained. PHD1, PHD2 and PHD3 mRNA expressions were measured using RT-qPCR. Results: The PHD1 and PHD2 mRNA levels in primary tumours were significantly decreased compared to those in normal lungs (both p < 0.0001). PHD1 and PHD2 expression in tumours was positively correlated (rs = 0.82; p < 0.0001) and correlated well with HIF pathway downstream genes HIF1A, PKM2 and PDK1. Decreased PHD1 and PHD2 were associated with larger tumour size, higher tumour stage (PHD1 only) and squamous cell carcinoma. Patients with low PHD1 and patients with low PHD2 expression had shorter OS than patients with high PHD1 (p = 0.02) and PHD2 expression (p = 0.01). PHD1 showed borderline independent prognostic values in multivariate analysis (p = 0.06). In contrast, we found no associations between PHD3 expression and any of the observed parameters. Conclusions: Our results show that reduced expression of PHD1 and PHD2 is associated with the development and progression of NSCLC. PHD1 could be further assessed as a prognostic marker in NSCLC.
Keywords:non-small-cell lung carcinoma, prognosis, non-small cell lung cancer, mRNA expression, prolyl hydroxylase domain proteins
Year of publishing:2021
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:str. 1-14
Numbering:Vol. 13, iss. 10
ISSN on article:2072-6694
DOI:10.3390/cancers13102309 New window
COBISS.SI-ID:63269891 New window
Copyright:© 2021 by the authors
Note:Nasl. z nasl. zaslona; Soavtorji: Matija Rijavec, Tomaž Krumpestar, Izidor Kern, Aleksander Sadikov, Tanja Čufer, Peter Korošec; Opis vira z dne 14. 5. 2021; Št. prispevka: 2309;
Publication date in DiRROS:21.05.2021
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Shortened title:Cancers
COBISS.SI-ID:517914137 New window


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:12.05.2021

Secondary language

Keywords:nedrobnocelični karcinom pljuč, prognoza non-small cell lung cancer, izražanje mRNA, beljakovine s prolil hidroksilazno domeno