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Title:Nutritional intake of Slovenian semi-professional handball players
Authors:Teraž, Kaja (Author)
Meulenberg, Cécil J. W. (Author)
Language:English
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organisation:Logo ZRS Koper - Science and Research Centre Koper
Abstract:Aim: Handball is a highly popular team sport, both in Slovenia and globally. The performance during team sport matches is influenced by numerous factors, amongst others there is nutrition whose influence is lesser known, particularly since diet is often uncontrolled. The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether Slovenian handball players, on basis of their anthropometric data and nutritional recommendations, have adequate nutritional intakes of energy and macronutrients. Methods: Two Slovenian handball teams with male and female players (17 males and 9 females) who are part of the 1A national league, were assessed through a 7-day food diary to define their nutritional intake in three different conditions for males (on their training days, match days and days off) and in two conditions for females (on their training days and days off). Basal anthropometric data were measured by standard methods and the body composition by a bioelectrical impedance scale. The results were statistically analysed with IBM SPSS programme, using the repeated measures ANOVA model. Results: Both female and male handball players show insufficient amounts of energy intake, based on the most recent nutritional intake recommendations for team sports. Moreover, the intake of carbohydrates is too low for both female and male handball players, and the intake of fat is too high. Conclusion: The analysis of the initial nutritional intake and the comparison with the recommendation shows that the male handball players do not have an optimal diet with proper intake of both energy and macronutrients. The energy intake is insufficient also in female players. Adjusting the nutritional intake in a way to make it more balanced and tuned to the training schedule, would support a better health and performance.
Keywords:energy intake, macronutrients, nutrition, body composition, handball, team sport
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:ANNALES ZRS
COBISS_ID:2633171 Link is opened in a new window
UDC:796.322:613.24(497.4)
ISSN on article:2232-2620
OceCobissID:254259712 Link is opened in a new window
DOI:10.35469/ak.2019.201 Link is opened in a new window
Views:722
Downloads:290
Files:URL URL - Presentation file, visit https://doi.org/10.35469/ak.2019.201
 
Journal:Ann. Kin.
Znanstveno-raziskovalno središče Koper
 
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Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project no.:P5-0381
Name:Kineziologija za kakovost življenja

Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:24.01.2020

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:Prehranski vnos energije pri slovenskih polprofesionalnih rokometaših in rokometašicah
Abstract:Namen: Rokomet je eden od bolj razširjenih ekipnih športov v Sloveniji in svetu. Tako kot na vse druge športe, tudi na rokomet vplivajo številni dejavniki. Eden izmed njih je tudi prehrana. Namen raziskave je ugotoviti ali imajo slovenski rokometaši ustrezen vnos energije in makrohranil. Metode: V raziskavi sta sodelovali 2 rokometni ekipi 1.a slovenske lige, sodelovalo je 26 rokometašev in rokometašic (17 moških in 9 žensk). Podatke o prehranskem vnosu pri rokometaših in rokometašicah smo v treh različnih okoliščinah (na dan treninga, na dan tekme in na prost dan) zbirali 1 teden. Prehranski vnos smo ocenili z metodo prehranskega dnevnika, telesno sestavo smo izmerili z bioimpedančno tehtnico. Podatke smo obdelali v računalniškem programu IBM SPSS, uporabili smo model ANOVA. Rezultati: Tako rokometaši kot tudi rokometašice nimajo zadostnega energijskega vnosa. Nadalje, oboji imajo prenizek vnos ogljikovih hidratov ter previsok vnos maščob. Zaključki: Ugotovili smo, da rokometaši, ki so sodelovali v raziskavi, nimajo optimalne prehrane z ustreznim vnosom energije in makrohranil, ki bi podpirala njihovo zdravje in zmogljivost. Tudi energijski vnos pri rokometašicah je prenizek. S prilagoditvijo prehrane svojim potrebam, bi lahko rokometaši dosegali boljše rezultate na treningu in tekmah.
Keywords:enrgijski vnos, makrohranila, prehrana, telesna sestava, rokomet, moštveni šport


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