Digital repository of Slovenian research organisations

Search the repository
A+ | A- | Help | SLO | ENG

Query: search in
search in
search in
search in


Query: "author" (Peter Korošec) .

1 - 10 / 53
First pagePrevious page123456Next pageLast page
Transcription factors gene expression in chronic rhinosinusitis with and without nasal polyps
Tanja Soklič, Matija Rijavec, Mira Šilar, Ana Koren, Izidor Kern, Irena Hočevar-Boltežar, Peter Korošec, 2019, original scientific article

Abstract: Background. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) current therapeutic approaches still fail in some patients with severe persistent symptoms and recurrences after surgery. We aimed to evaluate the master transcription factors gene expression levels of T cell subtypes in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) that could represent new, up-stream targets for topical DNAzyme treatment. Patients and methods. Twenty-two newly diagnosed CRS patients (14 CRSwNP and 8 CRSsNP) were prospectively biopsied and examined histopathologically. Gene expression levels of T-box transcription factor (T-bet, TBX21), GATA binding protein 3 (GATA3), Retinoic acid-related orphan receptor C (RORC) and Forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) were analyzed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Results. Eosinophilic CRSwNP was characterized by higher level of GATA3 gene expression compared to noneosinophilic CRSwNP, whereas there was no difference in T-bet, RORC and FOXP3 between eosinophilic and noneosinophilic CRSwNP. In CRSsNP, we found simultaneous upregulation of T-bet, GATA3 and RORC gene expression levels in comparison to CRSwNP; meanwhile, there was no difference in FOXP3 gene expression between CRSwNP and CRSsNP. Conclusions. In eosinophilic CRSwNP, we confirmed the type 2 inflammation by elevated GATA3 gene expression level. In CRSsNP, we unexpectedly found simultaneous upregulation of T-bet and GATA3 that is currently unexplained; however, it might originate from activated CD8+ cells, abundant in nasal mucosa of CRSsNP patients. The elevated RORC in CRSsNP could be part of homeostatic nasal immune response that might be better preserved in CRSsNP patients compared to CRSwNP patients. Further data on transcription factors expression rates in CRS phenotypes are needed.
Keywords: chronic rhinosinusitis
Published in DiRROS: 05.07.2024; Views: 89; Downloads: 59
.pdf Full text (688,23 KB)
This document has many files! More...

High burden of clonal mast cell disorders and hereditary ▫$α-tryptasemia$▫ in patients who need Hymenoptera venom immunotherapy
Peter Korošec, Gunter Sturm, Jonathan J. Lyons, Tinkara Pirc Marolt, Manca Svetina, Mitja Košnik, Mihaela Zidarn, Mark Kačar, Nina Frelih, Nika Lalek, Ajda Demšar Luzar, Samo Zver, Matevž Škerget, Ewa Czarnobilska, Wojciech Dyga, Sanja Popović-Grle, Miroslav Samaržija, Lisa Arzt-Gradwohl, Urban Čerpes, Grzegorz Porebski, Branko Pevec, Eva Schadelbauer, Peter Kopač, Julij Šelb, Matija Rijavec, 2024, original scientific article

Abstract: Background In patients who require venom immunotherapy (VIT), there is a need to identify underlying mast cell (MC) disorders since these may affect the risk and severity of future sting reactions and the long-term effectiveness of VIT. Methods 1319 individuals with Hymenoptera venom allergy (HVA) who needed VIT from referral centers in Slovenia, Austria, Croatia, and Poland underwent examination for KIT p.D816V in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) using a highly sensitive PCR test and tryptase genotyping by digital droplet PCR. We also included 183 control individuals with large local reactions (LLRs) to Hymenoptera stings and with asymptomatic sensitization to Hymenoptera venoms. Results 285 of 1319 individuals recommended for VIT (21.6%) were positive for KIT p.D816V in PBL, preferably those who present with severe reaction (33.9% [n = 207 of 610] with Ring-Messmer grade 3–4 vs. 11% [n = 78 of 709] with Grade 1–2; p < .0001), whereas only 1.3% (n = 2 of 152) of controls with LLR and none with asymptomatic sensitization (n = 31) had KIT p.D816V. KIT p.D816V allelic burden was higher in those with severe reaction (median 0.018% [n = 207] in Grade 3–4 vs. 0.001% [n = 78] in Grade 1–2; p < .0001), and the majority had normal baseline serum tryptase levels (69% [n = 196 of 285]). All KIT p.D816V-positive individuals (n = 41) who underwent bone marrow (BM) biopsy were found to have underlying clonal diseases, principally BM mastocytosis. HαT was also associated with severe HVA and symptoms (p < .01), and remarkably, 31.0% (n = 31 of 100) were found to have concomitant KIT p.D816V. Concomitant HαT and KIT p.D816V showed an additive effect, and having both was associated with the highest risk for severe HVA, even higher than having either HαT or KIT p.D816V alone (OR = 3.8; p < .01). Conclusions By employing prospective universal tryptase genotyping and examination for KIT p.D816V in PBL in large HVA populations, we have demonstrated a high burden of clonal MC disorders and HαT in patients who require VIT.
Keywords: anaphylaxis, hereditary α-tryptasemia, hypersensitivity, immunotherapy, mast cell, mastocytosis, venom
Published in DiRROS: 17.06.2024; Views: 144; Downloads: 81
.pdf Full text (6,80 MB)
This document has many files! More...

The impact of anaemia on treatment outcome in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of anal canal and anal margin
Irena Oblak, Monika Češnjevar, Mitja Anžič, Jasna But-Hadžić, Ajra Šečerov Ermenc, Franc Anderluh, Vaneja Velenik, Ana Jeromen, Peter Korošec, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: Radiochemotherapy is the main treatment for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal. Anaemia is reported to have adverse effect on survival in cancer patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of anaemia on radiochemotherapy treatment outcome in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal. Patients and methods. One hundred consecutive patients with histologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal were treated radically with 3-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated radiation therapy followed by brachytherapy or external beam radiotherapy boost and with concurrent mitomycin C and 5-fluorouracil. The influence on survival of pre-treatment, mean on-treatment and end-of-treatment haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations was studied. Results. The 5-year locoregional control, disease free survival, disease specific survival and overall survival rates for all patients were 72%, 71%, 77% and 62%, respectively. In univariate analysis, patients with pre-treatment and end-oftreatment Hb > 120 g/L survived statistically significantly better compared to patients with Hb % 120 g/L. Patients with mean on-treatment Hb > 120 g/L only had statistically significant better locoregional control and overall survival than patients with Hb % 120 g/L. In multivariate analysis, independent prognostic factors were pre-treatment Hb (> 120 g/L vs. % 120 g/L) for overall survival (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.419, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.190%0.927, p = 0.032) and stage (I & II vs. III) for disease specific (HR = 3.523, 95% CI = 1.375%9.026, p = 0.009) and overall survival (HR = 2.230, 95% CI = 1.167%4.264, p = 0.015). Conclusions. The pre-treatment, mean on-treatment and end-of-treatment Hb concentration > 120 g/L carried better prognosis for patients for with squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal treated with radiochemotherapy. The pre-treatment Hb > 120 g/L was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival of patients with anal canal cancer.
Keywords: anaemia, anal canal squamous cell carcinoma, radiochemotherapy
Published in DiRROS: 30.04.2024; Views: 239; Downloads: 130
.pdf Full text (488,29 KB)
This document has many files! More...

The prognostic value of whole blood SOX2, NANOG and OCT4 mRNA expression in advanced small-cell lung cancer
Eva Sodja, Matija Rijavec, Ana Koren, Aleksander Sadikov, Peter Korošec, Tanja Čufer, 2016, original scientific article

Abstract: The data on expression and clinical impact of cancer stem cell markers SOX2, NANOG and OCT4 in lung cancer is still lacking. The aim of our study was to compare SOX2, NANOG and OCT4 mRNA expression levels in whole blood between advanced small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients and healthy controls, and to correlate mRNA expression with progression-free survival (PFS) after first-line chemotherapy and overall survival (OS) in advanced SCLC patients. Patients and methods. 50 advanced SCLC patients treated with standard chemotherapy and followed at University Clinic Golnik, Slovenia, between 2009 and 2013 were prospectively included. SOX2, NANOG and OCT4 mRNA expression levels were determined using TaqMan qPCR in whole blood collected prior to chemotherapy. Whole blood of 34 matched healthy individuals with no cancerous disease was also tested. Results. SOX2 mRNA expression was significantly higher in whole blood of SCLC patients compared to healthy controls (p = 0.006). Significant correlation between SOX2 mRNA expression levels and the number of distant metastatic sites was established (p = 0.027). In survival analysis, patients with high SOX2 expression had shorter OS (p = 0.017) and PFS (p = 0.046). In multivariate Cox analysis, an independent value of high SOX2 expression for shorter OS (p = 0.002), but not PFS was confirmed. No significant differences were observed for NANOG or OCT4 expression levels when comparing SCLC patients and healthy controls neither when analysing survival outcomes in SCLC patients. Conclusions. SOX2 mRNA expression in whole blood might be a promising non-invasive marker for molecular screening of SCLC and important prognostic marker in advanced chemotherapy-treated SCLC patients, altogether indicating important role of cancer stem-like cell (CSC) regulators in cancer spread. Further evaluation of SOX2 as a possible screening/prognostic marker and a therapeutic target of SCLC is warranted.
Keywords: small-cell lung cancer, cancer stem cell markers, prognosis
Published in DiRROS: 30.04.2024; Views: 239; Downloads: 89
.pdf Full text (944,93 KB)

Sensitivity analysis of RF+clust for leave-one-problem-out performance prediction
Ana Nikolikj, Michal Pluhacek, Carola Doerr, Peter Korošec, Tome Eftimov, 2023, published scientific conference contribution

Keywords: automated performance prediction, autoML, single-objective black-box optimization, zero-shot learning
Published in DiRROS: 13.11.2023; Views: 511; Downloads: 285
.pdf Full text (4,94 MB)
This document has many files! More...

Algorithm instance footprint : separating easily solvable and challenging problem instances
Ana Nikolikj, Sašo Džeroski, Mario Andrés Muñoz, Carola Doerr, Peter Korošec, Tome Eftimov, 2023, published scientific conference contribution

Keywords: black-box optimization, algorithms, problem instances, machine learning
Published in DiRROS: 15.09.2023; Views: 436; Downloads: 255
.pdf Full text (2,03 MB)
This document has many files! More...

Assessing the generalizability of a performance predictive model
Ana Nikolikj, Gjorgjina Cenikj, Gordana Ispirova, Diederick Vermetten, Ryan Dieter Lang, Andries Petrus Engelbrecht, Carola Doerr, Peter Korošec, Tome Eftimov, 2023, published scientific conference contribution

Keywords: algorithms, predictive models, machine learning
Published in DiRROS: 15.09.2023; Views: 455; Downloads: 294
.pdf Full text (935,67 KB)
This document has many files! More...

Search done in 1.73 sec.
Back to top