Seasonal radial growth of Black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold) from Bosnia and Herzegovina, monitored by the pinning method and manual band dendrometersSimon Poljanšek
, Jernej Jevšenak
, Jožica Gričar
, Tom Levanič
Povzetek: Despite numerous dendroclimatological investigations into different tree species from Bosnia and Herzegovina, information is lacking on intra-annual wood formation patterns, which would help us to interpret the climate signal in tree rings better. Using the pinning method and manual band dendrometers, we investigated the seasonal dynamics of radial growth of black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold) trees in two successive growing seasons: 2011 and 2012. The up to 60-year-old trees grew in a stand at the base of a hill in the western, mountainous part of the Balkan Peninsula. The seasonal dynamics of wood formation and final number of cells differed between the studied years. Wood formation started in both years in early to mid-March. Differences were noticed in the wood production culmination; in 2011 it occurred at the end of May and beginning of June in 2012 and 2011, respectively. Xylem growth finished in 2012 in the middle of August and in 2011 in the middle of September. Based on the first derivative of the Gompertz function calculated rate of xylem growth was lowest in 2011. The dendrometers recorded a slow increment rate in spring, higher in summer and a decreasing rate again in the late summer in both growing seasons. In comparison with pinning, dendrometers showed a delay in the start of radial growth of up to 20 days in 2012. Additionally, dendrometers showed an increase in stem girth after the end of both growing seasons, when wood formation was already completed. Deviations between the two methods could be ascribed to the influence of water storage dynamics in the main stem and numerous structural processes in bark tissue, which are captured in dendrometer data. The influence of weather conditions on xylem phenology is also indicated by differences between the two studied years, although it is difficult to identify the influence of particular short-term weather events.
Ključne besede: pinning, manual dendrometers, radial growth, Pinus nigra, cambium, Balkan Peninsula
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 11.09.2019; Ogledov: 763; Prenosov: 892
Celotno besedilo (2,14 MB)
Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...
Stable isotopes reveal climate signal hidden in tree rings of endemic Balkan PinesTom Levanič
, Jernej Jevšenak
, Polona Hafner
Povzetek: Studies report the good potential of Pinus heldreichii (PIHE) and Pinus peuce (PIPE) for developing long chronologies from living trees and warn that the climate signal is weak in tree-ring widths of PIHE, and particularly PIPE. The goals of the study were to develop long chronologies, and to analyze the climate-growth relationship and potential for long climate reconstructions using tree-ring widths (TRW) and stable carbon isotopes ratios ([delta]13C) in tree rings at the northern edge of species distribution in the eastern part of Montenegro. The PIHE TRW chronology covers the period 1571-2013 (443 years) and the PIPE TRW chronology 1521-2013 (493 years). The temperature signal in PIHE TRW is weak and the precipitation signal is non-existent. PIPE has no climate signal in TRW. Both studied species have very similar [delta]13C chronologies, which allows us to merge isotope chronologies into a single composite [delta]13C Pinus chronology. The composite chronology has a strong signal related to average monthly temperature in June, July, and August and monthly values for cloudiness in July and August, with r > 0.6 and r < -0.6 for individual months, respectively. The climate signal was enhanced when June, July, and August values were merged into seasonal variables. The temporal stability of temperature, precipitation and cloudiness signals is consistent. The spatial extent of the [delta]13C chronology extends over a very large region, including all surrounding countries.
Ključne besede: Pinus heldreichii, Pinus peuce, climate reconstruction, dendrochronology, dendroclimatology, Balkan Peninsula, Bosnian pine, Macedonian pine, Pinus heldreichii H. Christ., Pinus peuce Grisb.
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 20.02.2020; Ogledov: 308; Prenosov: 186
Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)
Ectomycorrhizal community composition of organic and mineral soil horizons in silver fir (Abies alba 2 Mill.) standsTanja Mrak
, Emira Hukić
, Ines Štraus
, Tina Unuk
, Hojka Kraigher
Povzetek: Vertical ectomycorrhizal (ECM) community composition was assessed on silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in beech-silver fir forests in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Organic and upper mineral horizons were described by pedological analyses. Silver fir root tips were divided into vital ECM, old and non-mycorrhizal for each horizon separately. Morpho-anatomical classification of vital ECM root tips with an assessment of abundance was followed by ITS-based molecular characterization and classification into exploration types. The percentage of vital ECM root tips was not affected by the soil horizon. Altogether, 40 ECM taxa were recorded. Several taxa have not previously been reported for silver fir: Hebeloma laterinum, Inocybe fuscidula, I. glabripes, Lactarius acris, L. albocarneus, L. blennius, L. fluens, Ramaria bataillei, Russula badia, R. lutea, R. mairei, Sistotrema sp., Tarzetta catinus, Tomentella atroarenicolor, T. badia, T. cinerascens, T. bryophylla, and T. ramosissima, indicating high potential for diversity of ECM fungi in silver fir stands. No significant differences in community composition, species richness and diversity were detected between mineral and organic horizons. Community composition was affected by CaCO3, organic carbon, organic carbon stock, total nitrogen stock, C:N ratio and soil density. No significant effects of soil parameters were detected for exploration types. The contact exploration type was dominant in both soil horizons. Significantly different relative abundances of dominant taxa Tomentella stuposa, Cenococcum geophilum and Piloderma sp. 1 were detected in the two horizons. Twelve taxa were limited to the organic horizon and eight to the mineral horizon.
Ključne besede: biodiversity, ectomycorrhizal fungi (ECM), beech-silver fir forest, ECM depth profile, Balkan 30 Peninsula, ectomycorrhizal exploration types
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 17.06.2020; Ogledov: 283; Prenosov: 92
Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)