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Novel thermal insulation with gas-filled cavities - assessment of thermal performance of different designs based on numerical simulations of heat transfer
Miha Jukić, Sabina Jordan, Danijel Lisičić, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Not only is the energy efficiency of buildings nowadays becoming more and more important; the legislative requirements, the people’s awareness of the environmental questions and their thermal comfort expectations are also on a much higher level. All of these issues can be addressed by making the building envelope more thermally resistant. However, with the traditional thermal insulation materials the thickness of thermal insulation layers is already at the viable limits. Therefore, the development of new, more efficient thermal insulation products with a higher thermal resistance is highly promoted. Preliminary research results can be applied to models to develop and confirm the conceptual designs of such new materials. In this paper, an analysis of thermal performance is presented for a novel thermal insulation consisting of graphite polystyrene (GPS) matrix with cavities filled with an insulative gas, and a protective sheath to prevent it from leaking. Bearing in mind the suitability for later production, different configurations of the assembly were considered, regarding the matrix geometry, the type of the gas filling, and the surface emissivity of the cavities. A range of numerical simulations of heat transfer was conducted to determine the efficiency of different designs in reducing the conductive, the convective, and the radiative heat transfer. Advantages, limitations and some detailed parameters of the proposed design concepts were determined, which were then used for optimisation. The analysis of the results indicates that the equivalent thermal conductance of a GPS panel can be significantly reduced by the introduction of gas-filled cavities. The reduction is highly dependent on the type of the gas filling (thermal conductivity, viscosity, specific heat, etc.), the size of the cavities, and the cavity surface emissivity.
Ključne besede: gas-filled cavities, graphite polystyrene, numerical simulation, thermal insulation
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 15.09.2023; Ogledov: 120; Prenosov: 58
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,21 MB)
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Carbon isotopic composition of methane and its origin in natural gas from the Petišovci-Dolina oil and gas field (Pannonian Basin System, NE Slovenia) – a preliminary study
Miloš Markič, Tjaša Kanduč, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The carbon isotopic composition of methane (δ13CCH4) in natural gas from the Petišovci-Dolina oil and gas field (NE Slovenia) was measured for the first time in August and September 2021. The gas samples from different depths were taken from three wells: Dolina-deep (Pg-6) from the depth interval 3102–3104 m, Petišovci-deep (Pg-5) from the depth interval 2772–2795 m, and Petišovci-shallow (D-5) from the depth interval 1212–1250 m. According to the available composition dataset of gas, available from the Petrol Geo d.o.o. documentation, the “deep” gases sampled from the Pg-6 and Pg-5 wells consist of 85 % methane (C1), 11 % hydrocarbons heavier than methane (C2–C6) and 4 % CO2. The “shallow” gas from well D-5 contains more than 89 % methane, up to 11 % C2–C6 gases, while the CO2 content is negligible. The “deep« gas from the Pg-6 and Pg-5 wells has δ13CCH4 -36.7 ‰ and -36.6 ‰, respectively, while the “shallow” gas from the D-5 well has the δ13CCH4 of -38.6 ‰. The methane from the “shallow” gas is slightly enriched in the lighter 12C isotope. δ13CCH4 in the range from -38.6 to -36.6 ‰ clearly indicates the thermogenic origin of methane formed during the catagenesis phase of gas formation.
Ključne besede: Petišovci-Dolina, gas, methane, isotopes, origin
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 26.07.2022; Ogledov: 682; Prenosov: 158
.pdf Celotno besedilo (724,51 KB)

Isotopic and water relation responses to ozone and water stress in seedlings of three oak species with different adaptation strategies
Claudia Cocozza, Elena Paoletti, Tanja Mrak, Saša Zavadlav, Tom Levanič, Hojka Kraigher, Alessio Giovannelli, Yasutomo Hoshika, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The impact of global changes on forest ecosystem processes is based on the species-specific responses of trees to the combined effect of multiple stressors and the capacity of each species to acclimate and cope with the environment modification. Combined environmental constraints can severely affect plant and ecological processes involved in plant functionality. This study provides novel insights into the impact of a simultaneous pairing of abiotic stresses (i.e., water and ozone (O3) stress) on the responses of oak species. Water stress (using 40 and 100% of soil water content at field capacity - WS and WW treatments, respectively) and O3 exposure (1.0, 1.2, and 1.4 times the ambient concentration - AA, 1.2AA, and 1.4AA, respectively) were carried out on Quercus robur L., Quercus ilex L., and Quercus pubescens Willd. seedlings, to study physiological traits (1. isotope signature [delta 13C, delta 18O and delta 15N], 2. water relation [leaf water potential, leaf water content], 3. leaf gas exchange [light-saturated net photosynthesis, Asat, and stomatal conductance, gs]) for adaptation strategies in a Free-Air Controlled Exposure (FACE) experiment. Ozone decreased Asat in Q. robur and Q. pubescens while water stress decreased it in all three oak species. Ozone did not affect delta 13C, whereas delta 18O was influenced by O3 especially in Q. robur. This may reflect a reduction of gs with the concomitant reduction in photosynthetic capacity. However, the effect of elevated O3 on leaf gas exchange as indicated by the combined analysis of stable isotopes was much lower than that of water stress. Water stress was detectable by delta 13C and by delta 18O in all three oak species, while delta 15N did not define plant response to stress conditions in any species. The delta 13C signal was correlated to leaf water content (LWC) in Q. robur and Q. ilex, showing isohydric and anisohydric strategy, respectively, at increasing stress intensity (low value of LWC). No interactive effect of water stress and O3 exposure on the isotopic responses was found, suggesting no cross-protection on seasonal carbon assimilation independently on the species adaptation strategy.
Ključne besede: ozone, gas exchange, English oak, holm oak, downy oak, Quercus ilex L., Quercus robur L., Quercus pubescens Willd
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 11.08.2020; Ogledov: 1605; Prenosov: 1001
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