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1.
Non-native forest tree species in Europe : ǂthe ǂquestion of seed origin in afforestation
Paraskevi Alizoti, Jean-Charles Bastien, Debojyoti Chakraborty, Marcin Miroslav Klisz, Johan Kroon, Charalambos Neophytou, Silvio Schueler, Marcela van Loo, Marjana Westergren, Monika Konnert, Robert Brus, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Non-native forest tree species have been introduced in Europe since the 16th century, but only in the second half of the 20th century the significance of the seed source origin for their economic use was recognized, resulting in the establishment of numerous provenance trials at a national, regional, European and International level, as those led by IUFRO. Breeding programs have also been launched in the continent for the most economically important species. Aim of this work is the formulation of provenance recommendations for planting of five non-native tree species in Europe (Douglas fir, grand fir, Sitka spruce, lodgepole pine and black locust), based on the information obtained from twenty countries, in the frame of the EU FP-1403 NNEXT Cost Action. The survey revealed that official and non-official national recommendations, based on provenance research results, have been elaborated and followed at a different level and extend for the above five species, but only for Douglas fir recommendations exist in almost all the participating to the survey countries. The compilation of provenance recommendations across Europe for each species is presented in the current work. Besides the recommended introduced seed sources, European seed sources are also preferred for planting, due to ease of access and high availability of forest reproductive material. European breeding programs yielding genetic material of high productivity and quality constitute currently the seed source of choice for several species and countries. Consolidation of trial data obtained across countries will allow the joint analysis that is urgently needed to draw solid conclusions, and will facilitate the development of ‘Universal-Response-Functions’ for the species of interest, rendering possible the identification of the genetic material suitable for global change. New provenance trial series that will test seed sources from the entire climatic range of the species, established in sites falling within and outside the environmental envelopes of their natural ranges, are urgently needed to pinpoint and understand the species-specific climate constraints, as well as to correlate functional traits to the seed origin and the environmental conditions of the test sites, so that the selection of suitable forest reproductive material of non-native tree species in the face of climate change can be feasible.
Ključne besede: provenance recommendations, provenance testing, breeding programs, adaptation, exotic tree species, Douglas fir, Sitka spruce, grand fir, lodgepole pine, black locust
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 09.02.2022; Ogledov: 267; Prenosov: 196
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2.
Genetic aspects linked to production and use of forest reproductive material (FRM) : collecting scientific evidence for developing guidelines and decision support tools for effective FRM management
Dušan Gömöry, Katri Himanen, Mari Mette Tollefsrud, Claes Uggla, Hojka Kraigher, Sandor Bordacs, Paraskevi Alizoti, Stuart A'Hara, Aline Frank, Gunnar Friis Proschowsky, Josef Frýdl, Thomas Geburek, Monique Guibert, Mladen Ivanković, Ana Jurše, Stuart Kennedy, Jan Kowalczyk, Heike Liesebach, Tiit Maaten, Andrej Pilipović, Roberta Proietti, Volker Schneck, Alain Servais, Brynjar Skúlason, Christoph Sperisen, Frank Wolter, Tefide Yüksel, Michele Bozzano, 2021, slovar, enciklopedija, leksikon, priročnik, atlas, zemljevid

Povzetek: This report summarises the current state of knowledge in genetic aspects linked to the production and use of forest reproductive material (FRM). The first chapter describes the different categories of FRM, considers the strategic choice between artificial and natural regeneration in the face of climate change, and articulates the need for and purposes of FRM. Chapter 2 outlines the FRM production chain, in terms of: i) FRM approval, management, collection and certification (seed sources, stands, orchards, plus trees and clones others); ii) Testing standards and examples; iii) Effect of seed and seedling material not intended for use as FRM on forest genetic resources; iv) Breeding effects on basic material including conservation strategy; v) Harvesting, processing and storage of seeds; vi) Nursery practices; vii) Certification and Traceability; and viii) FRM Trading and Transport. Chapter 3 examines FRM with regard to: i) Forest regeneration strategies % especially considering climate change, and ii) Assisted migration and available decision support tools. Chapter 4 provides a detailed overview of forest establishment methods, and chapter 5 looks at keeping records of seed origin to improve forest management. The final chapter offers 38 recommendations arising from the review. This work is the result of an international collaboration rooted in EUFORGEN for more than two decades. It is built on the firm belief that the genetic element is decisive for the creation of a resilient forest capable of surviving threats and adapting to changes, thus enabling the evolution of ecosystems and the conservation of the productive landscape.
Ključne besede: forest reproductive material
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 05.11.2021; Ogledov: 422; Prenosov: 226
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,81 MB)
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3.
Odegós chréses gia te genetiké parakoloúthese dasón
2021, slovar, enciklopedija, leksikon, priročnik, atlas, zemljevid

Ključne besede: gozdovi, genetski monitoring
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 28.05.2021; Ogledov: 714; Prenosov: 909
.pdf Celotno besedilo (14,95 MB)
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4.
Handbuch zum forstgenetischen Monitoring
2020, strokovna monografija

Ključne besede: gozdovi, genetski monitoring, elektronske knjige
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 25.05.2021; Ogledov: 729; Prenosov: 824
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,97 MB)
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5.
Manual for forest genetic monitoring
2020, slovar, enciklopedija, leksikon, priročnik, atlas, zemljevid

Ključne besede: forests, forest genetics, genetic monitoring
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 16.04.2021; Ogledov: 2793; Prenosov: 2608
.pdf Celotno besedilo (13,01 MB)
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6.
Priročnik za gozdni genetski monitoring
2020, slovar, enciklopedija, leksikon, priročnik, atlas, zemljevid

Ključne besede: gozdovi, genetski monitoring, gozdna genetika
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 16.04.2021; Ogledov: 1336; Prenosov: 1332
.pdf Celotno besedilo (13,44 MB)
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7.
The interplay between forest management practices, genetic monitoring, and other long-term monitoring systems
Darius Kavaliauskas, Barbara Fussi, Marjana Westergren, Filipos Aravanopoulos, Domen Finžgar, Roland Baier, Paraskevi Alizoti, Gregor Božič, Evangelia V. Avramidou, Monika Konnert, Hojka Kraigher, 2018, pregledni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The conservation and sustainable use of forests and forest genetic resources (FGR) is a challenging task for scientists and foresters. Forest management practices can affect diversity on various levels: genetic, species, and ecosystem. Understanding past natural disturbance dynamics and their level of dependence on human disturbances and management practices is essential for the conservation and management of FGR, especially in the light of climate change. In this review, forest management practices and their impact on genetic composition are reviewed, synthesized, and interpreted in the light of existing national and international forest monitoring schemes and concepts from various European projects. There is a clear need and mandate for forest genetic monitoring (FGM), while the requirements thereof lack complementarity with existing forest monitoring. Due to certain obstacles (e.g., the lack of unified FGM implementation procedures across the countries, high implementation costs, large number of indicators and verifiers for FGM proposed in the past), merging FGM with existing forest monitoring is complicated. Nevertheless, FGM is of paramount importance for forestry and the natural environment in the future, regardless of the presence or existence of other monitoring systems, as it provides information no other monitoring system can yield. FGM can provide information related to adaptive and neutral genetic diversity changes over time, on a species and/or on a population basis and can serve as an early warning system for the detection of potentially harmful changes of forest adaptability. In addition, FGM offers knowledge on the adaptive potential of forests under the changing environment, which is important for the long-term conservation of FGR
Ključne besede: forest monitoring, forest genetic monitoring, forest genetic diversity, silviculture
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 20.02.2020; Ogledov: 1444; Prenosov: 874
.pdf Celotno besedilo (766,78 KB)
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8.
Short reviews on the genetics and breeding of introduced to Europe forest tree species
2016, strokovna monografija

Povzetek: Monograph represents short reviews on the genetics and breeding of introduced to Europe forest tree species. The management of tree species non-native to European geographical regions has a long tradition within forestry management practice. Their introduction to Europe (initially focused on growing tree species) dates back to the 18th century when enormous demands were being made on natural resources to sustain the on-going industrialization of Europe. Today issues of biomass production and C sequestration as well as the question of whether these species could increase the adaptive capacity of forests to long-term climate change patterns have fueled a growing interest in non-native tree species in Europe.
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 2780; Prenosov: 929
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,71 MB)

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