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Post-fire effects on development of leaves and secondary vascular tissues in Quercus pubescens
Jožica Gričar, Polona Hafner, Martina Lavrič, Mitja Ferlan, Nives Ogrinc, Bor Krajnc, Klemen Eler, Dominik Vodnik, 2020

Povzetek: An increased frequency of fire events on the Slovenian Karst is in line with future climate-change scenarios for drought-prone environments worldwide. It is therefore of the utmost importance to better understand tree-fire-climate interactions for predicting the impact of changing environment on tree functioning. To this purpose, we studied the post-fire effects on leaf development, leaf carbon isotope composition (%13C), radial growth patterns and the xylem and phloem anatomy in undamaged (H-trees) and fire-damaged trees (F-trees) of Q. pubescens with good re-sprouting ability in spring 2017, the growing season after a rangeland fire in August 2016. We found that the fully developed canopy of F-trees reached only half of the LAI values measured in H-trees. Throughout the season, F-trees were characterised by higher water potential and stomatal conductivity and achieved higher photosynthetic rates compared to unburnt H-trees. The foliage of F-trees had more negative %13C values than those of H-trees. This reflects that F-trees less frequently meet stomatal limitations due to reduced transpirational area and more favourable leaf-to-root ratio. In addition, the growth of leaves in F-trees relied more on the recent photosynthates than on reserves due to the fire disturbed starch accumulation in the previous season. Cambial production stopped 3 weeks later in F-trees, resulting in 60% and 22% wider xylem and phloem increments, respectively. A novel approach by including phloem anatomy in the analyses revealed that fire caused changes in conduit dimensions in the early phloem but not in the earlywood. However, premature formation of the tyloses in the earlywood vessels of the youngest two xylem increments in F-trees implies that xylem hydraulic integrity was also affected by heat. Analyses of secondary tissues showed that although xylem and phloem tissues are interlinked changes in their transport systems due to heat damage are not necessarily coordinated.
Ključne besede: pubescent oak, cambium, radial growth, xylem, phloem, anatomy, sub-Mediterranean
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 19.03.2020; Ogledov: 1635; Prenosov: 847
.pdf Celotno besedilo (732,75 KB)

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Pomembnost mestnih in primestnih gozdov v času izrednih razmer
Polona Hafner, Mitja Skudnik, 2020

Ključne besede: epidemija covid 19, izredne razmere, funkcije gozdov
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 02.05.2020; Ogledov: 1638; Prenosov: 475
.pdf Celotno besedilo (44,78 KB)

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Timeline of leaf and cambial phenology in relation to development of initial conduits in xylem and phloem in three coexisting sub-Mediterranean deciduous tree species
Jožica Gričar, Andreja Vedenik, Gregor Skoberne, Polona Hafner, Peter Prislan, 2020

Povzetek: It is unclear how the anticipated climate change will affect the timing of phenology of different tree organs/tissues and thus the whole-tree functioning. We examined the timing of leaf phenology and secondary growth in three coexisting deciduous tree species (Quercus pubescens Willd., Fraxinus ornus L. and Ostrya carpinifolia Scop) from a sub-Mediterranean region in 2019. In addition, we investigated the relationship between leaf and cambial phenology and the onset of the potential functioning of initial conduits, as determined by the completed differentiation process (vessels) or final size (sieve tubes). For this purpose, leaf development was monitored and the microcores of cambium and the youngest phloem and xylem increments were repeatedly collected at 7-10-day intervals during the growing season. The results revealed differences in the timing of leaf development and seasonal radial growth patterns in spring among the studied tree species, depending on wood porosity. We found that cambial cell production started in all cases in the first half of March. However, in ring-porous Q. pubescens and F. ornus, radial growth in the stem occurred more than a month before buds were swollen, whereas in diffuse-porous O. carpinifolia, these two events were detected at almost the same time. The end of cambial cell production occurred earliest in F. ornus (mid-July) and two weeks later also in the other two species. The widest initial earlywood vessels and early phloem sieve tubes were found in Q. pubescens, the narrowest initial earlywood vessels in O. carpinifolia and the narrowest early phloem sieve tubes in F. ornus. This indicates differences in the e%ciency of conducting systems among the studied species. This novel approach of studying phloem phenology and anatomy in relation to leaf and xylem development contributes to a better understanding of how different tree species adapt their structure of secondary vascular tissues in response to environmental change.
Ključne besede: Quercus pubescens, Fraxinus ornus, Ostrya carpinifolia, earlywood, early phloem, vessel, sieve tube, radial growth
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 21.10.2020; Ogledov: 754; Prenosov: 547
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,39 MB)

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Leto 2020 je leto mednarodnega zdravja rastlin
Polona Hafner, Mitja Skudnik, 2020

Ključne besede: mednarodno leto zdravja raslin
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 14.11.2020; Ogledov: 684; Prenosov: 242
.pdf Celotno besedilo (50,19 KB)

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Etično ravnanje naj bo vtkano v naše vsakodnevno delovanje
Mitja Skudnik, Polona Hafner, 2020

Ključne besede: etika, etični kodeks, gozdarstvo
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 14.12.2020; Ogledov: 701; Prenosov: 256
.pdf Celotno besedilo (45,70 KB)

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Umerjanje rezistografskih meritev gostote lesa na stoječih drevesih : pretvorba v osnovno gostoto
Primož Simončič, Jožica Gričar, Polona Hafner, Luka Krajnc, 2020

Povzetek: V prispevku predstavljamo proces in rezultate določitve korekcijskih količnikov za pretvorbo rezistografskih gostot, izmerjenih na stoječih drevesih, v osnovno gostoto lesa na primeru bukve (Fagus sylvatica L.), puhastega hrasta (Quercus pubescens Willd.) in črnega bora (Pinus nigraArnold.). Korekcijski količniki so bili določeni na podlagi sveže odžaganih kolutov, ki so bili povrtani z rezistografom. Kolute smo stehtali, izmerili njihovo prostornino ter jih posušili do absolutno suhega stanja. Iz zbranih podatkov smo nato izračunali osnovno gostoto lesa ter korekcijske količnike med osnovno in rezistografsko gostoto. V raziskavo je bilo zajetih 59 kolutov. Aritmetična sredina vseh izmerjenih količnikov znaša 1,41, vrednosti 95 % intervala zaupanja pa znašajo od 1,38 do 1,46. Razlike med drevesnimi vrstami so statistično neznačilne. Rezistografska gostota relativno dobro odraža osnovno gostoto kolutov (Pearsonov korelacijski koeficient = 0,91; p < 0,001), kar nakazuje na relativno dobro povezanost osnovnih gostot kolutov z rezistografskimi gostotami. Dobljeni rezultati so ključnega pomena za nadaljnji razvoj področja merjenja dejanskih gostot lesa v stoječih drevesih na hiter in relativno nedestruktiven način.
Ključne besede: rezistograf, gostota lesa, kakovost lesa, bukev, puhasti hrast, črni bor
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 14.12.2020; Ogledov: 1050; Prenosov: 322
.pdf Celotno besedilo (183,02 KB)

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