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Iskalni niz: "vrsta gradiva" (1) AND "polno besedilo" AND "organizacija" (Gozdarski inštitut Slovenije) .

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Požari v naravnem okolju v prvem četrtletju 2022
Jaša Saražin, 2022, strokovni članek

Ključne besede: požari, gašenje, helikoptersko gašenje, gašenje z letalom, gozdni požari
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 02.08.2022; Ogledov: 26; Prenosov: 19
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,69 MB)

Cene gozdarskih storitev v Sloveniji - marec 2022
Katarina Flajšman, Matevž Triplat, 2022, strokovni članek

Ključne besede: gozdarske storitve, sečnja, spravilo lesa, prevoz lesa, cene
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 02.08.2022; Ogledov: 28; Prenosov: 18
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,69 MB)

Vojna v Ukrajini in njen vpliv na evropski in globalni trg lesa
Janez Zafran, 2022, strokovni članek

Ključne besede: trg, vojna, trg lesa, mednarodni trg, Ukrajina, Rusija, okrogli les, žagan les, lesni kompoziti
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 01.08.2022; Ogledov: 26; Prenosov: 24
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,76 MB)

Obiskali smo podjetje Lesonit d. o. o.
Špela Ščap, Janez Zafran, 2022, strokovni članek

Ključne besede: vlaknene plošče, sekanci, proizvodnja
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 01.08.2022; Ogledov: 38; Prenosov: 20
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,76 MB)

Letošnje februarske cene žaganega lesa iglavcev za več kot polovico višje od lanskih februarskih cen
Špela Ščap, Peter Prislan, 2022, strokovni članek

Ključne besede: žagan les, iglavci, cene
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 01.08.2022; Ogledov: 47; Prenosov: 25
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,76 MB)

Cene gozdnih lesnih sortimentov na slovenskem trgu v februarju 2022
Katarina Flajšman, Špela Ščap, 2022, strokovni članek

Ključne besede: listavci, iglavci, okrogli les, les za kurjavo, cene
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 01.08.2022; Ogledov: 33; Prenosov: 19
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,77 MB)

Post-harvest forest herb layer demography : general patterns are driven by pre-disturbance conditions
Janez Kermavnar, Klemen Eler, Aleksander Marinšek, Lado Kutnar, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Timber harvesting constitutes extensive anthropogenic disturbance in temperate forests, producing a broad range of ecological impacts that most often enhance the demographic processes of vegetation. This study monitored post-harvest herb layer demography over a 6-year period in mesic Dinaric fir-beech forests (Slovenia), a vascular plant diversity hotspot among European forests. Three experimental harvesting intensities, i.e. full harvest (FH), partial harvest (PH) and a control treatment (NH), were each applied over a circular area of 4000 m2 and replicated three times at each of three study sites. Vegetation sampling was conducted before harvesting (in 2012), and two (2014) and six (2018) years following it, in a 400 m2 circular plot positioned in the centre of each treatment area. We focused on identifying general demographic patterns and evaluating the effects of various pre-disturbance abiotic and biotic predictors on compositional responses to disturbance. Two years after harvest (2012-2014), compositional shifts were larger than those in the next 4-year period (2014-2018), confirming the general theoretical prediction that species turnover rate decreases along a successional gradient. The degree of compositional shifts in gaps (FH) and thinned stands (PH) was affected by local abiotic factors (geomorphology of karst sinkholes) and community attributes, such as pre-harvest species richness. Our results indicate that compositional stability is positively associated with pre-disturbance species richness. Over the whole study period, increases in plot-level species richness (alpha diversity) and overall enrichment of the species pool (gamma diversity) were accompanied by compositional convergence, i.e. a decline in floristic dissimilarity (beta diversity) between and within study sites. However, the observed tendency towards homogenization was rather weak and would have been even more pronounced if the demographic type of persistent resident species had not shown a high degree of resistance, thus leaving a strong imprint on post-harvest vegetation development by preserving the forest characteristics of the herb layer community.
Ključne besede: forest succession, demographic types, community assembly, pre-disturbance factors, floristic convergence, fir-beech forests
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 22.07.2022; Ogledov: 33; Prenosov: 22
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,91 MB)
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Different wood anatomical and growth responses in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) at three forest sites in Slovenia
Domen Arnič, Jožica Gričar, Jernej Jevšenak, Gregor Božič, Georg von Arx, Peter Prislan, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) adapts to local growing conditions to enhance its performance. In response to variations in climatic conditions, beech trees adjust leaf phenology, cambial phenology, and wood formation patterns, which result in different treering widths (TRWs) and wood anatomy. Chronologies of tree ring width and vessel features [i.e., mean vessel area (MVA), vessel density (VD), and relative conductive area (RCTA)] were produced for the 1960%2016 period for three sites that differ in climatic regimes and spring leaf phenology (two early- and one late-flushing populations). These data were used to investigate long-term relationships between climatic conditions and anatomical features of four quarters of tree-rings at annual and intra-annual scales. In addition, we investigated how TRW and vessel features adjust in response to extreme weather events (i.e., summer drought). We found significant differences in TRW, VD, and RCTA among the selected sites. Precipitation and maximum temperature before and during the growing season were the most important climatic factors affecting TRW and vessel characteristics. We confirmed differences in climate-growth relationships between the selected sites, late flushing beech population at Idrija showing the least pronounced response to climate. MVA was the only vessel trait that showed no relationship with TRW or other vessel features. The relationship between MVA and climatic factors evaluated at intra-annual scale indicated that vessel area in the first quarter of tree-ring were mainly influenced by climatic conditions in the previous growing season, while vessel area in the second to fourth quarters of tree ring width was mainly influenced by maximum temperature and precipitation in the current growing season. When comparing wet and dry years, beech from all sites showed a similar response, with reduced TRW and changes in intra-annual variation in vessel area. Our findings suggest that changes in temperature and precipitation regimes as predicted by most climate change scenarios will affect tree-ring increments and wood structure in beech, yet the response between sites or populations may differ.
Ključne besede: Fagus sylvatica, wood anatomy, tracheograms, dendrochronology, intra specific plasticity
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 22.07.2022; Ogledov: 60; Prenosov: 41
.pdf Celotno besedilo (15,28 MB)
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Genetic variability of pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) at the Mediterranean margin of the distribution range
Mirzeta Memišević Hodžić, Barbara Fussi, Dušan Gömöry, Dalibor Ballian, 2021, pregledni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: In Bosnia and Herzegovina, pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) occurs at the southern margin of its distribution range, close to the glacial refugia of this species. To assess the patterns of genetic diversity distribution at the rear edge of the Holocene colonization, we studied genetic variation in 20 pedunculate oak populations using 14 allozyme loci. Despite considerable differences among populations, neither the numbers of alleles nor genetic diversity showed any geographical trend within the studied area, although small isolated populations showed generally lower allelic richness. The Bayesian analysis of population structure indicated a kind of geographical pattern. We identified no signs of a recent bottleneck. The proximity to multiple glacial refugia explains the outcomes.
Ključne besede: pedunculate oak, allozyme, genetic variability, marginal populations, rear edge
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 22.07.2022; Ogledov: 42; Prenosov: 27
.pdf Celotno besedilo (833,22 KB)
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Modelling seasonal dynamics of secondary growth in R
Jernej Jevšenak, Jožica Gričar, Sergio Rossi, Peter Prislan, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The monitoring of seasonal radial growth of woody plants addresses the ultimate question of when, how and why trees grow. Assessing the growth dynamics is important to quantify the effect of environmental drivers and understand how woody species will deal with the ongoing climatic changes. One of the crucial steps in the analyses of seasonal radial growth is to model the dynamics of xylem and phloem formation based on increment measurements on samples taken at relatively short intervals during the growing season. The most common approach is the use of the Gompertz equation, while other approaches, such as general additive models (GAMs) and generalised linear models (GLMs), have also been tested in recent years. For the first time, we explored artificial neural networks with Bayesian regularisation algorithm (BRNNs) and show that this method is easy to use, resistant to overfitting, tends to yield s-shaped curves and is therefore suitable for deriving temporal dynamics of secondary tree growth. We propose two data processing algorithms that allow more flexible fits. The main result of our work is the XPSgrowth() function implemented in the radial Tree Growth (rTG) R package, that can be used to evaluate and compare three modelling approaches: BRNN, GAM and the Gompertz function. The newly developed function, tested on intra-seasonal xylem and phloem formation data, has potential applications in many ecological and environmental disciplines where growth is expressed as a function of time. Different approaches were evaluated in terms of prediction error, while fitted curves were visually compared to derive their main characteristics. Our results suggest that there is no single best fitting method, therefore we recommend testing different fitting methods and selection of the optimal one.
Ključne besede: artificial neural networks, cambium, generalized additive model, Gompertz function, growing season, intra-annual time series
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 21.07.2022; Ogledov: 30; Prenosov: 29
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,11 MB)
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