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Diversity, migration routes, and worldwide population genetic structure of Lecanosticta acicola, the causal agent of brown spot needle blight
Marili Laas, Kalev Adamson, Irene Barnes, Josef Janoušek, Martin S. Mullett, Katarína Adamčíková, Mitsuteru Akiba, Ludwig Beenken, Helena Bragança, Timur S. Bulgakov, Barbara Piškur, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: Lecanosticta acicola is a pine needle pathogen causing brown spot needle blight that results in premature needle shedding with considerable damage described in North America, Europe, and Asia. Microsatellite and mating type markers were used to study the population genetics, migration history, and reproduction mode of the pathogen, based on a collection of 650 isolates from 27 countries and 26 hosts across the range of L. acicola. The presence of L. acicola in Georgia was confirmed in this study. Migration analyses indicate there have been several introduction events from North America into Europe. However, some of the source populations still appear to remain unknown. The populations in Croatia and western Asia appear to originate from genetically similar populations in North America. Intercontinental movement of the pathogen was reflected in an identical haplotype occurring on two continents, in North America (Canada) and Europe (Germany). Several shared haplotypes between European populations further suggests more local pathogen movement between countries. Moreover, migration analyses indicate that the populations in northern Europe originate from more established populations in central Europe. Overall, the highest genetic diversity was observed in south-eastern USA. In Europe, the highest diversity was observed in France, where the presence of both known pathogen lineages was recorded. Less than half of the observed populations contained mating types in equal proportions. Although there is evidence of some sexual reproduction taking place, the pathogen spreads predominantly asexually and through anthropogenic activity.
Keywords: brown spot needle blight, Lecanosticta acicola, pones, Pinus spp., popularion structure
Published in DiRROS: 12.08.2022; Views: 14; Downloads: 5
.pdf Full text (3,04 MB)
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Distribution and phylogeography of the genus Mattirolomyces with a focus on the Asian M. terfezioides haplotypes
J. Wei, Tine Grebenc, Xuan Zhang, SiMin Xiang, Yongjun Fan, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: Mattirolomyces is an edible commercial sequestrate genus that is globally distributed. From the five described taxa of this genus, Mattirolomyces terfezioides is the most common species in Asia. Our recent attempts to locate M. terfezioides outside its current distribution area in China documented its first records in areas of poplar trees with the lowest known temperature and precipitation averages ever recorded for this species. This peculiar ecology was not reflected on the species-morphological features nor on its phylogenetic position in the genus. The first attempt to apply the phylogenetic network approach to Mattirolomyces revealed its geographic origin in the Asian-Pacific areas prior to frequent long-distance migration events. Based on data from recent study areas, we found that the collections from Inner Mongolia and the Shanxi province were similar to European collections. Asian haplotypes were less distant from the outgroup comparing to collections from Europe, supporting the hypothesis that M. terfezioides was originated from this Chinese area and was subsequently transported to Europe. Exploring M. terfezioides ecology and its mycorrhiza potential to grow in association with poplars would be of great importance for planning cultivation projects of this valuable desert truffle species in Central and Eastern China, a currently underexploited economic sector that deserves further ecological and M. terfezioides mycorrhizal synthesis investigations.
Keywords: biodiversity, biogeography, mycology, Mattirolomyces terfezioides, Desert truffle, Inner Mongolia, phylogeography
Published in DiRROS: 05.08.2022; Views: 51; Downloads: 29
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Turkey oak (Quercus cerris L.) is more drought tolerant and better reflects climate variations compared to pedunculate oak (Quercus robur L.) in lowland mixed forests in northwestern Serbia : ǂa ǂstable carbon isotope ratio (δ13C) and radial growth approach
Saša Kostić, Tom Levanič, Saša Orlović, Bratislav Matović, Dejan Stojanović, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: Tree-ring width (TRW), stable carbon isotope ratio (δ13C) and intrinsic water use efficiency (iWUE) data set chronologies were built for the period 1961–2000 for two oak species (pedunculate oak – Quercus robur L. and Turkey oak – Quercus cerris L.) in northwestern Serbia (Vojvodina province). We focused on the response of the two oak species to measured meteorological data (temperature, precipitation and cloud cover), drought events expressed by six meteorological drought indices, and river water level to better understand their drought tolerance and stress and to assess the reliability of the species response to climate and drought indices when using TRW or δ13C. Turkey oak exhibited better drought tolerance (and less drought stress) compared to pedunculate oak, as manifested, respectively, by less negative δ13C and lower iWUE values. Based on a generalised additive mixed model (GAMM) among the six drought indices studied, the standardised precipitation evapotranspiration index and the standardised precipitation index showed the best fit with both TRW and δ13C, while the Palmer drought severity index exerted a strong influence only on TRW. It was thus concluded that δ13C responds more strongly and rapidly to climate variations than TRW.
Keywords: dendrochronology, stable carbon isotope, tree ring, Quercus robur, Quercus cerris, drought, climate change
Published in DiRROS: 04.08.2022; Views: 61; Downloads: 40
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Do konca aprila že 31 nezgod in 7 mrtvih
Urban Žitko, 2022, professional article

Keywords: nezgode, prometne nesreče, delovne nezgode, varnost pri delu, delo v gozdu
Published in DiRROS: 02.08.2022; Views: 64; Downloads: 35
.pdf Full text (5,54 MB)

Češka : cene okroglega lesa najvišje v zadnjih 20 letih
Špela Ščap, 2022, professional article

Keywords: okrogli les, cene, iglavci, Češka
Published in DiRROS: 02.08.2022; Views: 43; Downloads: 18
.pdf Full text (5,53 MB)

Nezgode v kmetijstvu in gozdarstvu v letu 2021
Marjan Dolenšek, 2022, professional article

Keywords: nezgode, traktor, kmetijski stroji, prometne nesreče, delovne nezgode, varnost pri delu, delo v gozdu
Published in DiRROS: 02.08.2022; Views: 46; Downloads: 39
.pdf Full text (5,54 MB)

Obiskali smo podjetje Breza Commerce, d. o. o.
Špela Ščap, Janez Zafran, 2022, professional article

Keywords: rezan les, odkup hlodovine, nabava, priprava, sušenje, prodaja
Published in DiRROS: 02.08.2022; Views: 47; Downloads: 41
.pdf Full text (5,53 MB)

Obiskali smo podjetje Žaga Marinčič d. o. o., Pivka
Špela Ščap, Janez Zafran, 2022, professional article

Keywords: žagarstvo, žage, sečnja, spravilo lesa, gojitvena dela
Published in DiRROS: 02.08.2022; Views: 35; Downloads: 23
.pdf Full text (2,68 MB)

Cene hlodovine iglavcev tudi za 76 % višje
Špela Ščap, 2022, professional article

Keywords: okrogli les, iglavci, gozdni lesni sortimenti, odkup lesa, cene, hlodovina, zasebni gozdovi
Published in DiRROS: 02.08.2022; Views: 44; Downloads: 27
.pdf Full text (2,68 MB)

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