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Iskalni niz: "ključne besede" (groundwater) .

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1.
Synoptic risk assessment of groundwater contamination from landfills
Sonja Cerar, Luka Serianz, Katja Koren, Joerg Prestor, Nina Mali, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Waste management in Europe has improved in recent years, reducing the amount of waste disposed at landfills. However, there are still many landfills in the countries. It is well known that landfills that do not have measures in place to control leachate entering groundwater can contaminate groundwater long after the landfill is closed. Collecting monitoring results from all landfills allows permitting and management agencies to improve action plans. This relies on a synoptic risk assessment that allows prioritization and milestones to be set for required actions. The developed method of synoptic risk assessment is based on a conceptual model of the landfill and the results of chemical groundwater monitoring tested at 69 landfills in Slovenia. The study confirms that most landfills have a direct or indirect impact on groundwater quality. All landfills were classified into three priority classes on the basis of the synoptic risk assessment. The results show that a total of 24 landfills have a clearly pronounced impact on groundwater. A total of 31 landfills have a less pronounced impact due to the favorable natural attenuation capacity of the soil or the technically appropriate design of the landfill itself. A total of 14 landfills have a less pronounced or negligible impact on groundwater.
Ključne besede: conceptual model, synoptic risk assessment, landfill, groundwater, chemical analysis
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 19.07.2022; Ogledov: 67; Prenosov: 50
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,09 MB)
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2.
Mercury in the unconfined aquifer of the Isonzo/Soča River alluvial plain downstream from the Idrija mining area
Andrea Cerovac, Stefano Covelli, Andrea Emili, Elena Pavoni, Elisa Petranich, Asta Gregorič, Janko Urbanc, Enrico Zavagno, Luca Zini, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: This work aims at evaluating mercury (Hg) occurrence, spatial distribution and speciation in groundwater of the Isonzo/Soča River upper alluvial plain downstream from the Idrija Hg mine (Western Slovenia). Several wells and piezometers were sampled both in static and dynamic mode. On the basis of hydrochemistry and isotopic composition, the main sources of groundwater were established. Hg concentrations in the Slovenian sector, supplied by local rainfall, are comparable to values measured close to the Isonzo River. Possible further Hg local sources have been suggested. Stability field analysis for the aqueous Hg species revealed that in the presence of chloride Hg solubility may be increased by the formation of chlorocomplexes. Mercury that rarely enters reduced surrounding conditions can be bound to sulphur to form polysulphide species depending on the pH of water. Since Hg-contaminated alluvial sediments of the Isonzo River may act as a secondary Hg source in groundwater, a borehole was dug down to the water table. Mercury content and speciation revealed that cinnabar (HgS) is the prevalent form followed by the matrix-bound Hg (Hgbound). Variations of the physico-chemical boundary conditions, as well as the raising/lowering of the water table, may be locally responsible for the slight variability of Hg concentrations in the aquifer.
Ključne besede: aquifers, groundwater, mercury
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 22.06.2022; Ogledov: 79; Prenosov: 52
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

3.
Control of organic contaminants in groundwater by passive sampling and multivariate statistical analysis
Anja Koroša, Nina Mali, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Organic contaminants in groundwater are among the most challenging chemical compound contaminants today, particularly when it comes to understanding their occurrence, origin, and relations in groundwater, as well as the transport processes, fate, and environmental impacts involved. This paper presents the use of active carbon fibre (AFC) passive sampling and multivariate statistical processing of the results to predict the possible occurrence of organic compounds (OCs) in groundwater and to determine the origin of various anthropogenic activity. This study aims to deepen our knowledge on the control of OCs in groundwater by introducing a multi-analytical and multielemental holistic approach, using the Dravsko polje aquifer, the largest intergranular aquifer in Slovenia, as an example.
Ključne besede: compounds of concern, groundwater contaminants, organic compounds, passive sampling
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 22.06.2022; Ogledov: 119; Prenosov: 48
.pdf Celotno besedilo (11,61 MB)

4.
Characterizing the groundwater flow regime in a landslide recharge area using stable isotopes: a case study of the Urbas landslide area in NW Slovenia
Katja Koren, Luka Serianz, Mitja Janža, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Slope stability strongly depends on the prevailing hydrological and hydrogeological conditions. The amount and intensity of precipitation and changing groundwater levels are important landslide triggering factors. Environmental tracers, including the chemical and stable isotope compositions of precipitation and groundwater, were used to gain insight into the groundwater dynamics of the Urbas landslide. The landslide is situated in a mountainous area with steep slopes and high precipitation amount and poses a high risk for the safety of the Koroška Bela settlement that lies downstream. The stable isotope analyses of oxygen-18 (18O) and deuterium (2H) in the precipitation and groundwater were used to estimate the groundwater mean residence time and the average altitude of the landslide recharge area. This information will help to plan and prioritize remedial landslide measures aiming to reduce the recharge of the landslide body and, thus, lower the risk of transformation of the sliding material into debris flow. The results of the chemical analysis of samples taken from springs and a piezometer show a Ca–HCO3 water type. This indicates low water–rock interaction in a landslide area composed of Upper Carboniferous and Permian clastic rocks and points to upper laying carbonate rocks and scree deposits as the main recharge area. Water samples for stable isotope analyses of δ18O and δ2H were collected from a rain gauge, springs, and a piezometer over a two-year period (2018–2020). The estimated mean recharge altitude of the groundwater at sampling points was from approximately 1700 to 1800 m a.s.l. with a mean residence time of 2–5 months.
Ključne besede: landslide, groundwater, stable isotopes, oxygen-18, deuterium, hydrogeology, recharge dynamic
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 16.03.2022; Ogledov: 218; Prenosov: 115
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,55 MB)

5.
Geophysical investigations in the Radovna River Spring area (Julian Alps, NW Slovenia)
Anja Torkar, Marjana Zajc, Jure Atanackov, Andrej Gosar, Mihael Brenčič, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The Radovna River Valley is located in the north-western part of Slovenia in the Julian Alps, where there is an extensive intergranular aquifer whose depth to pre-Quaternary bedrock is unknown. Therefore, to obtain information about the depth of the valley and the geometry of the aquif er two geophysical methods were used in our study; ground penetrating radar (GPR) and seismic reflection method. The low-frequency GPR method has shown to be useful for determining the depth of the groundwater and the predominant groundwater recharge. Also, the high-resolution seismic method provided an insight about the morphology of the pre-Quaternary basement with the deepest point at 141 meters below surface. Measurements of hydrogeological parameters such as groundwater level and river discharge measurements were carried out in the study area. Both data analyses showed that groundwater level and river discharge are highly fluctuatingand rapidly changing, indicating a well-permeable aquifer, implying that such an aquifer is extremely sensitive and vulnerable to extreme climate events. Both the geophysical methods and the hydrogeological information have provided important information about the morphology of the valley and the alluvial aquifer, as well as increasing the knowledge about the Radovna springs system, which will contribute very important information for future hydrogeological studies.
Ključne besede: Ground penetrating radar, Seismic reflection method, Radovna spring, hydrogeology, aquifer geometry, glacial valley, groundwater table
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 09.03.2022; Ogledov: 219; Prenosov: 91
.pdf Celotno besedilo (6,27 MB)

6.
Using stable isotopes and major ions to identify recharge characteristics of the Alpine groundwater-flow dominated Triglavska Bistrica River
Luka Serianz, Sonja Cerar, Polona Vreča, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Triglavska Bistrica is a typical Alpine river in the north-western part of Slovenia. Its recharge area includes some of the highest peaks in the Julian Alps. The hydrogeological conditions and flow of the river depend largely on groundwater exchange between the karstified aquifer in the carbonate rocks and the intergranular aquifer in the glaciofluvial deposits. The average volume of the river flow is up to several m3/s. In this study, water samples from different locations along the river were analysed for stable isotope ratios of oxygen and hydrogen, major ions, and concentration of tritium activity. The correlation of major ions suggests that the recharge area consists of both limestone and dolomite rocks. The δ18O and δ2H values decrease downstream, implying that the average recharge elevation increases. At the downstream sampling site V-5, located approx. 300 m upstream from the confluence of the Sava Dolinka River, the calculated mean recharge altitude is estimated to be 1,996 m.
Ključne besede: groundwater, oxygen and hydrogen isotopes, hydrogeochemistry, recharge area, Alpine aquifer, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 09.03.2022; Ogledov: 374; Prenosov: 102
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,01 MB)

7.
Passive sampling with active carbon fibres in the determination of organic pollutants in groundwater
Primož Auersperger, Anja Koroša, Nina Mali, Brigita Jamnik, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Legislation addressing the quality of groundwater and increasing concerns over public health calls for the development of analytical methods that can produce accurate and precise results at the ppt level. Passive sampling has been recognised as a helpful tool in identifying various organic pollutants in groundwater, even when their presence had not yet been identified through conventional groundwater quality monitoring. The article presents an analytical method involving a simple and cost-effective passive sampling device using Zorflex® activated carbon fibres (ACFs) for the qualitative monitoring of a broad range of organic pollutants in water in a single run. The applicability of the method developed was tested in three hydrogeological studies. In the first case, we present a non-targeted qualitative screening and a list of 892 different contaminants detected in the groundwater in Slovenia. In the second case, we discuss the presence and origin of organic compounds in the groundwater from a pilot area of the urban aquifer, Ljubljansko polje. The third case presents a comparison of results between passive and grab sampling. Passive sampling with ACFs confirmed the presence of a pollutant, even when it had not been previously detected through a quantitative method.
Ključne besede: GC-MS, organic pollutants, qualitative analysis, passive sampling, groundwater
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 03.03.2022; Ogledov: 207; Prenosov: 89
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,83 MB)

8.
Emerging organic compounds in European groundwater
S. Y. Bunting, D. J. Lapworth, E. J. Crane, J. Grima-Olmedo, Anja Koroša, A. Kuczyńska, Nina Mali, L. Rosenqvist, M. E. van Vliet, A. Togola, B. Lopez, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: In Europe, emerging organic compounds (EOCs) in groundwater is a growing research area. Prioritisationfor monitoring EOCs in Europe was formalised in 2019 through the development of thefirst voluntarygroundwater watch list (GWWL). Despite this, groundwater occurrence data in the peer reviewedliterature for Europe has not been reviewed to date. Questions surrounding the effect, toxicity, move-ment in the subsurface and unsaturated zone make the process of regulating EOC use difficult. The aim inEurope is to develop a unified strategy for the classification, and prioritisation of EOCs to be monitored ingroundwater. This paper compiles evidence from the recent published studies from across Europe, since2012, when the last major literature global review of EOCs in groundwater took place. A total of 39studies were identified for review based on specific selection criteria (geography, publication date,sample size>10, inclusion of EOCs data). Data on specific compounds, and associated meta-data, arecompiled and reviewed. The two most frequently detected EOCs, carbamazepine and caffeine, occurredin groundwater at concentrations of up to 2.3 and 14.8mg/L, respectively.
Ključne besede: emerging organic chemicals, environmental exposure, groundwater contaminants, compounds of concern, groundwater hazards
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 13.01.2021; Ogledov: 932; Prenosov: 396
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,90 MB)

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