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1.
Morphologic variability of the Acer campestre L. populations in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Stjepan Kvesić, Mirzeta Memišević Hodžić, Matjaž Čater, Dalibor Ballian, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Morphologic variability from 25 populations of Acer campestre L. in Bosnia and Herzegovina was analyzed. Morphometric structure of variability and between-population variability was performed based on 10 fruit-parameter characteristics and 19 leaf-parameter characteristics using multivariate statistical analysis. Results confirmed the separation of three submediterranean populations as a group in relation to other tested populations, from which the Banja Luka population is different. Measured leaf parameters were confirmed as a predominant carrier of the morphologic separation between populations. In other Acer species populations within A. monspessulanum and A. intermedium species are separated mainly by fruit and much less by leaf parameters. The southernmost submediterranean populations from Trebinje, Ljubuški, and Mostar regions have smaller leaf areas, which consequently places them within the same morphologic group; their variability is in tight connection with eco-geo-graphical factors, where the ecological distance is a much better predictor of morphological variability compared to geographical distance. The air temperature had the biggest influence on morphological variability regarding the highest in-between correlation. Achieved results may serve for the continuation of the research in other areas of Acer campestre to determine the interactive effect of ecological, geographical, climatic, and migrational factors on their morphologic population plasticity.
Ključne besede: differentiation, field maple, fruit, leaf, morphologic variability
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 03.01.2022; Ogledov: 248; Prenosov: 160
.pdf Celotno besedilo (960,45 KB)
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2.
The effect of olive fruit fly Bactrocera oleae (Rossi) infestation on certain chemical parameters of produced olive oils
Vasilij Valenčič, Bojan Butinar, Maja Podgornik, Milena Bučar-Miklavčič, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Olives affected by active and damaging infestation (olive fruit fly Bactrocera oleae (Rossi)) were assayed for their chemical composition. Biophenols were determined by HPLC, sterols, triterpenic dialcohols, and fatty acids by gas chromatography analysis. The acquired data were statistically analyzed. Oils produced from "Istrska belica" fruit affected by active infestation compared to the oils made from fruit affected by damaging infestation showed higher amounts of total oleuropein biofenols (377.3 versus (vs.) 106.6 mg/kg), total biophenols (755 vs. 377 mg/kg), lignans (85.3 vs. 32.9mg/kg), the dialdehydic formof decarboxymethyl oleuropein aglycone (DMO-AgldA) (148.3 vs. 49.0 mg/kg), its oxidized form (DMO-Agl-dA)ox (35.2 vs. 8.5 mg/kg), the dialdehydic form of oleuropein aglycone (O-Agl-dA) (61.1 vs. 8.0 mg/kg), the dialdehydic form of ligstroside aglycone (L-Agl-dA) (63.5 vs. 28.0 mg/kg), the aldehydic form of oleuropein aglycone (O-Agl-A) (40.6 vs. 8.4 mg/kg), and lower amounts of tyrosol (Tyr) (6.0 vs. 13. 9 mg/kg) and the aldehydic form of ligstroside aglycone (L-Agl-A) (13.8 vs. 40.3 mg/kg). Higher values of stigmasterol (2.99%) and lower values of campesterol (2.25%) were determined in oils affected by damaging infestation; an increase in triterpenic dialcohols was also observed (3.04% for damaging and 1.62% for active infestation). Oils affected by damaging infestation, compared to active infestation, showed lower amounts of oleic acid (73.89 vs. 75.15%) and higher amounts of myristic (0.013 vs. 0.011%), linoleic (7.27 vs. 6.48%), and linolenic (0.74 vs. 0.61%) acids.
Ključne besede: olives, Istrska belica, olive fruit fly, biophenols, sterols, triterpenic dialcohols, fatty acids
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 13.01.2021; Ogledov: 751; Prenosov: 607
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,01 MB)
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3.
Morfološka analiza puhastega hrasta (Quercus pubescens Willd.) v Sloveniji
Mateja Jerše, Franc Batič, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Z raziskavo smo poskusili ovrednotiti morfološke raznolikosti puhastega hrasta(Quercus pubescens Willd.) v Sloveniji. Raznolikost je posledica pestrosti rastišč in možnosti križanja z drugimi vrstami hrastov. Rezultati analize so bili dobljeni na osnovi meritev in opazovanja listov, plodov in kratkih poganjkov puhastegarasta, vzorčenih v osmih populacijah po Sloveniji. Na posamezni lokaciji je bilo izbranih do pet dreves in na posameznem drevesu nabranih do sto listov s kratkih poganjkov v osvetljenem delu krošnje. Na osebkih s plodovi so bili nabrani tudi plodovi. V laboratoriju je bilo na listih izmerjenih, ocenjenih in izračunanih 13 parametrov, na plodovih in kratkih poganjkih pa po en parameter. Uporabljene so bile deskriptivne, univariatne in multivariatne statistične metode za izvrednotenje rezultatov. Analize morfoloških parametrov so pokazale značilne razlike tako med posameznimi osebki v populacijah kot med populacijami. Ugotovljeno je bilo tudi, da vrsto Q. virgiliana (Ten.) Ten. lahko obravnavamo znotraj vrste Q. pubescens.
Ključne besede: puhasti hrast, Quercus pubescens Willd., Quercus virgiliana (Ten.), morfologija, listi, plodovi, Slovenija, oak, morphology, leaf, fruit, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 3317; Prenosov: 1313
.pdf Celotno besedilo (857,31 KB)

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