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Iskalni niz: "ključne besede" (analysis) .

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Monitoring the galvanic corrosion of copper–steel coupling in bentonite slurry during the early oxic phase using coupled multielectrode arrays
Tadeja Kosec, Miha Hren, Klara Prijatelj, Bojan Zajec, Nina Gartner, Andraž Legat, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: In the case of a two-part container for spent nuclear fuel, consisting of an iron-based inner structure with a copper coating, the potential perforation of copper through minor damage may result in intensive galvanic corrosion between copper and steel. The present work focuses on the corrosion of steel galvanically coupled to copper and exposed to a slightly saline environment under oxic conditions. The electrochemical processes on individual electrodes were monitored by coupled multielectrode arrays (CMEAs). The CMEAs were either in contact with groundwater saturated with bentonite or immersed in groundwater only. Very high galvanic corrosion currents were detected between carbon steel and pure copper in the early oxic phase. Additionally, the use of CMEAs further made it possible to monitor the distribution of cathodic currents around the steel electrode, which behaved anodically. Various microscopy and spectroscopy techniques were applied to identify the modes of corrosion and the type of corrosion products present at the end of the period of exposure.
Ključne besede: copper, steel, bentonite, Aspö groundwater, coupled multi electrode array, electrochemical properties, Raman analysis, corrosion
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 16.11.2023; Ogledov: 56; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,66 MB)
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Cost-benefit analysis in fire safety engineering : state-of-the-art and reference methodology
Ruben Van Coile, Andrea Lucherini, Ranjit Kumar Chaudhary, Shuna Ni, David Unobe, Thomas Gernay, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Cost-effectiveness is a key consideration within fire safety engineering. Currently, different approaches are being applied in literature. These approaches differ in how cost-effectiveness is evaluated, which costs are considered, and how the preferred design solution is defined. Recognizing this issue, the Fire Protection Research Foundation enrolled an international team of researchers, supported by a broad stakeholder panel, to develop a reference methodology. In this paper, this reference methodology for cost-benefit analysis in fire safety engineering is presented following an extensive literature review. The methodology clarifies the minimum requirements for assessing cost-effectiveness, and highlights that only a present net value evaluation can be used to compare design alternatives. Commonly used cost-benefit ratios should only be used when deciding on the effectiveness of a single package of fire safety measures. An illustrative case study demonstrates the application of the meth- odology and shows how designs based on cost-benefit ratios can be sub-optimal when evaluating multiple possible fire safety measures.
Ključne besede: cost-benefit analysis, fire safety, investment, maintenance, loss, statistics, reliability
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 23.10.2023; Ogledov: 110; Prenosov: 29
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Projections of the European Green Deal into national strategic documents in the Czech Republic : the case of forestry
Petra Palátová, 2023, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Ključne besede: circular economy, forestry, sustainability, bioeconomy, content analysis
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 06.10.2023; Ogledov: 111; Prenosov: 39
.pdf Celotno besedilo (114,50 KB)

Effects of specific parameters on simulations of energy use and air temperatures in offices equipped with radiant heating/cooling panels
Sabina Jordan, Jože Hafner, Martina Zbašnik-Senegačnik, Andraž Legat, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: When creating a simulation model to assess the performance of buildings, there is usually a lack of feedback information. Only in the case of measurements of a real building is a direct comparison of the measured values and simulated results possible. Parameter data related to users’ behavior or other events can also be obtained. Their evaluated frequency, magnitude and duration, along with boundary conditions, are crucial for the results. It is clear that none of them can be predicted very accurately. Most of them, however, are needed for computer modeling. In this paper we analyzed the well-defined TRNSYS simulation model of offices equipped with radiant ceiling panels for heating and cooling. The model was based on real case offices and was validated based on measurements for 1 year. The analysis included simulations in order to define what effect the parameters related mainly to users have on the energy use and the indoor air temperatures. The study confirmed that specific human activities influence the annual energy use to a relatively small degree and that their effects often counteract. It also confirmed the even more important fact that although small, these activities can influence the thermal comfort of users. It is believed that despite the fact that this research was based on an analysis of offices equipped with radiant ceiling panels, most of the results could be applied generally.
Ključne besede: measurements, modeling, simulation, validation, analysis, energy use, temperature
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 15.09.2023; Ogledov: 121; Prenosov: 63
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,83 MB)
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Methodology for evaluating the CO2 sequestration capacity of waste ashes
Sara Tominc, Vilma Ducman, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere is constantly increasing, leading to an increase in the average global temperature and, thus, affecting climate change. Hence, various initiatives have been proposed to mitigate this process, among which CO2 sequestration is a technically simple and efficient approach. The spontaneous carbonation of ashes with atmospheric CO2 is very slow, and this is why accelerated carbonation is encouraged. However, not all ashes are equally suitable for this process, so a methodology to evaluate their potential should be developed. Such a methodology involves a combination of techniques, from theoretical calculations to XRF, XRD, DTA-TG, and the calcimetric determination of the CaCO3 content. The present study followed the approach of exposing ashes to accelerated carbonation conditions (4% v/v CO2, 50–55% and 80–85% RH, 20 ◦C) in a closed carbonation chamber for different periods of time until the maximum CO2 uptake is reached. The amount of sequestered CO2 was quantified by thermogravimetry. The results show that the highest CO2 sequestration capacity (33.8%) and carbonation efficiency (67.9%) were obtained for wood biomass bottom ash. This method was applied to eight combustion ashes and could serve to evaluate other ashes or comparable carbon storage materials.
Ključne besede: CO2 sequestration, carbonation efficiency, coal ash, wood biomass ash, co-combustion ash, DTA-TG analysis
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 08.08.2023; Ogledov: 194; Prenosov: 94
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,73 MB)
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Makroekonomski učinki proizvodnje in predelave lesa listavcev
Domen Arnič, Peter Prislan, Luka Juvančič, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: As far as the utilization of the value-added potential of hardwood assortments is concerned, we have considerable reserves in Slovenia. These could be exploited mainly by increasing the economic use of roundwood in Slovenia and by developing more technologically advanced processing methods for roundwood. The aim of this paper is to assess the untapped potential of the forest-wood chain in Slovenia using input-output models, focusing on the use of hardwood. For the whole forest-wood chain, we assessed the existing situation and tested five scenarios for the improvement of the forest-wood chain in Slovenia. We developed a national input-output model to evaluate possible scenarios for the future development of the wood-based bioeconomy. The results of scenario analysis of the input-output model show that the Slovenian wood-based bioeconomy can achieve up to 20% higher production value, a 24% increase in employment and 19% increase in household income in the future through restructuring of economic activities. In the paper, we discuss how upgrading the forestry and wood-processing industry (according to the defined scenarios) could be achieved by increasing the processing capacity of hardwoods and provide recommendations for decision makers.
Ključne besede: forest- and wood-based bioeconomy, hardwoods utilization, input-output models, wood processing industry, scenario analysis, mobilization of hardwoods
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 03.08.2023; Ogledov: 172; Prenosov: 102
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,21 MB)
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Dataset for the article Methodology for evaluating the CO2 sequestration capacity of waste ashes
Vilma Ducman, Sara Tominc, 2023, zaključena znanstvena zbirka raziskovalnih podatkov

Povzetek: The dataset supports the data in the tables and figures in the article Methodology for evaluating the CO2 sequestration capacity of waste ashes (doi: ). It contains the original masses of waste ash before and during carbonation treatment, the sequestered CO2 masses after carbonation treatment, mass uptake calculations, calcimetric measurements, calculations of theoretical maximum sequestered CO2 (based on XRF results) and carbonation efficiency (CE), original results of DTA/TG analysis of individual ashes, original results of XRF measurement and data from XRD analyses supported by X-ray diffractograms not published in the article.
Ključne besede: CO2 sequestration, carbonation efficiency, coal ash, wood biomass ash, co-combustion ash, DTA-TG analysis
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 14.07.2023; Ogledov: 258; Prenosov: 143
.xlsx Raziskovalni podatki (245,99 KB)
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Measurements of bridge dynamic amplification factor using bridge weigh-in-motion data
Jan Kalin, Aleš Žnidarič, Andrej Anžlin, Maja Kreslin, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The dynamic component of bridge traffic loading is commonly taken into account with a Dynamic Amplification Factor (DAF)—the ratio between the dynamic and static load effects on a bridge. In the design codes, this factor is generally more conservative than in reality. Recently a new method of cal- culation of this factor had been developed. Data from 15 different bridges have been analysed since then and this paper presents the results of the analyses. The background for Bridge Weigh-in-Motion is given, and the most recent method for DAF calculation is described. The sites from which the data originated are presented, and the selection of data discussed. The results of the analyses are presented and discussed and some examples of DAF calculations are shown. Data from the considered sites have invariably demonstrated a DAF decrease with increasing axle load. This is a significant result, especially for assessment of existing structures, since it is beneficial to use measured structural param- eters to optimise structural analysis.
Ključne besede: bridge loads, bridge weigh-in-motion, dynamic amplication factor, dynamic analysis, measurement, traffic loading
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 14.07.2023; Ogledov: 141; Prenosov: 94
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,61 MB)
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