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Spremljanje koncentracije askospor glive Eutypella parasitica
Tine Hauptman, 2021, strokovni članek

Povzetek: Gliva Eutypella parasitica izvira iz Severne Amerike in povzroča bolezen, imenovano javorov rak. V Sloveniji so jo prvič našli leta 2005, zdaj je razširjena po vsej državi, izkoreninjenje bolezni ni več mogoče. Da bi preprečili nadaljnje širjenje bolezni in zmanjšali število novih okužb, je treba okužena drevesa posekati. Pri tem velja navodilo, da okuženi del debla izrežemo vsaj 50 cm nad rano in pod njo, izrezani del pa nato na mestu sežgemo ali pa položimo na gozdna tla tako, da je rakava rana usmerjena proti tlom. Učinkovitost slednjega ukrepa smo želeli preverjati s spremljanjem koncentracij askospor glive E. parasitica v zraku, pred izvedenim ukrepom in po njem. Spremljanje ni bilo uspešno, tako da učinkovitosti ukrepa ne moremo potrditi. V prispevku predstavljamo metode spremljanja in razpravo o morebitnih razlogih za neuspešno lovljenje askospor glive E. parasitica.
Ključne besede: javorov rak, Eutypella parasitica, monitoring, volumetrični vzorčevalnik, Slovenija
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 08.03.2021; Ogledov: 920; Prenosov: 294
.pdf Celotno besedilo (392,15 KB)

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Worldwide genetic structure elucidates the Eurasian origin and invasion pathways of Dothistroma septosporum, causal agent of Dothistroma needle blight
Martin S. Mullett, Rein Drenkhan, Kalev Adamson, Piotr Boroń, Anna Lenart-Boroń, Irene Barnes, Michal Tomšovský, Zuzana Jánošíková, Katarína Adamčíková, Emília Ondrušková, Barbara Piškur, Tine Hauptman, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Dothistroma septosporum, the primary causal agent of Dothistroma needle blight, is one of the most significant foliar pathogens of pine worldwide. Its wide host and environmental ranges have led to its global success as a pathogen and severe economic damage to pine forests in many regions. This comprehensive global population study elucidated the historical migration pathways of the pathogen to reveal the Eurasian origin of the fungus. When over 3800 isolates were examined, three major population clusters were revealed: North America, Western Europe, and Eastern Europe, with distinct subclusters in the highly diverse Eastern European cluster. Modeling of historical scenarios using approximate Bayesian computation revealed the North American cluster was derived from an ancestral population in Eurasia. The Northeastern European subcluster was shown to be ancestral to all other European clusters and subclusters. The Turkish subcluster diverged first, followed by the Central European subcluster, then the Western European cluster, which has subsequently spread to much of the Southern Hemisphere. All clusters and subclusters contained both mating-types of the fungus, indicating the potential for sexual reproduction, although asexual reproduction remained the primary mode of reproduction. The study strongly suggests the native range of D. septosporum to be in Eastern Europe (i.e., the Baltic and Western Russia) and Western Asia.
Ključne besede: Mycosphaerella pini, biogeography, ABC, DNB, global spread, introduction pathways, invasive pathogen, global spread
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 09.02.2021; Ogledov: 867; Prenosov: 520
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,27 MB)
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