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1.
Stakeholders' views on the global guidelines for the sustainableuse of non-native trees
Ana Novoa, Giovanni Vimercati, Giuseppe Brundu, David M. Richardson, Urs Schaffner, Antonio Brunori, Thomas Campagnaro, Susan Canavan, Laura Celesti-Grapow, Michele de Sá Dechoum, Marjana Westergren, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: 1. A large number of non-native trees (NNTs) have been introduced globally andwidely planted, contributing significantly to the world's economy. Although someof these species present a limited risk of spreading beyond their planting sites, agrowing number of NNTs are spreading and becoming invasive leading to diversenegative impacts on biodiversity, ecosystem functions and human well- being. Tohelp minimize the negative impacts and maximize the economic benefits of NNTs,Brundu et al. developed eight guidelines for the sustainable use of NNTs glob-ally—the Global Guidelines for the Use of NNTs (GG-NNTs).2. Here, we used an online survey to assess perceptions of key stakeholders to-wards NNTs, and explore their knowledge of and compliance with the GG-NNTs.3. Our results show that stakeholders are generally aware that NNTs can providebenefits and cause negative impacts, often simultaneously and they consider thattheir organization complies with existing regulations and voluntary agreementsconcerning NNTs. However, they are not aware of or do not apply most of theeight recommendations included in the GG-NNTs.4. We conclude that effectively managing invasions linked to NNTs requires bothmore communication efforts using an array of channels for improving stakeholderawareness and implementation of simple measures to reduce NNT impacts (e.g. via GG-NNTs), and a deeper understanding of the barriers and reluctance ofstakeholders to manage NNT invasions.
Ključne besede: agroforestry, alien species, forestry, invasion risk, online survey, ornamental trees, perceptions, stakeholder engagement, sustainability, tree invasions
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 21.06.2024; Ogledov: 116; Prenosov: 59
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,95 MB)
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Tubakia spp., Didymella macrostoma and Apiognomonia errabunda causing leaf spot and anthracnose of Quercus robur in the Mura-Drava-Danube Biosphere Reserve
Milica Zlatković, Marcus Sallmannshofer, Silvio Schueler, Thomas L. Cech, Milutin Djilas, Gernot Hoch, Katharina Lapin, Nikica Ogris, Barbara Piškur, Katharina Schwanda, Srđan Stojnić, Marjana Westergren, Saša Orlović, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The Mura-Drava-Danube transboundary UNESCO Biosphere Reserve represents one of the best-preserved wetlands in Europe. The Reserve’s riparian forests play a significant role in ecosystem functioning and pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) is one of the keystone species of these forests. In recent years, pedunculate oak trees in the Reserve displayed symptoms of necrotic lesions on their leaves. The lesions varied in size, from small, circular to irregular reddish brown to grayish spots to larger necrotic areas that resembled leaf anthracnose and extended along the leaf nerves. In 2021, symptomatic leaves were collected in three countries of the Reserve, i.e. Austria, Slovenia, and Serbia to identify the causative agents of these diseases. Fungal cultures were obtained from symptoms and identified using morphology and multilocus phylogenetic analyses of the ITS rDNA, partial LSU rDNA, tef 1-α, BT2, CAL, ACT, and RPB2 genes. The fungi were identified as Tubakia dryina, Tubakia sp. (Tubakia dryinoides sensu lato), Didymella macrostoma, and Apiognomonia errabunda. Pathogenicity tests done by inoculating the leaves of one-year old pedunculate oak plants revealed that the isolated fungi caused symptoms as those seen in the forest. To our knowledge, this study represents the first report of D. macrostoma as the cause of pedunculate oak leaf spot disease in Serbia and worldwide. It is also the first finding of Tubakia leaf spot disease of pedunculate oak caused by T. dryina in Austria and Serbia. Moreover, Tubakia sp. was proven to be another causative agent of Tubakia leaf spot disease. Additionally, oak anthracnose caused by A. errabunda was found for the first time on pedunculate oak leaves in Austria and Slovenia. During the past decade, pedunculate oak trees have been facing increasing threats from multiple abiotic and biotic factors which has resulted in decline and absence of natural regeneration of these trees. The results of this study add to the understanding of the contributing factors to the decline of pedunculate oak in riparian forests and are important for the development of management strategies to counteract this decline.
Ključne besede: Mura-Drava-Danube Biosphere Reserve, riparian forests, Tubakia leaf spot, Didymella macrostoma, oak anthracnose, pedunculate oak, leaf spot diseases
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 23.04.2024; Ogledov: 256; Prenosov: 119
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,10 MB)
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4.
European genetic resources conservation in a rapidly changing world : three existential challenges for the crop, forest and animal domains in the 21st century
François Lefévre, Danijela Bojkovski, Magda Bou Dagher Kharrat, Michele Bozzano, Eléonore Charvolin-Lemaire, Sipke Joost Hiemstra, Hojka Kraigher, Denis Laloë, Gwendal Restoux, Suzanne Sharrock, Enrico Sturaro, Theo J. L. van Hintum, Marjana Westergren, Nigel Maxted, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Even though genetic resources represent a fundamental reservoir of options to achieve sustainable development goals in a changing world, they are overlooked in the policy agenda and severely threatened. The conservation of genetic resources relies on complementary in situ and ex situ approaches appropriately designed for each type of organism. Environmental and socioeconomic changes raise new challenges and opportunities for sustainable use and conservation of genetic resources. Aiming at a more integrated and adaptive approach, European scientists and genetic resources managers with long experience in the agricultural crop, animal and forestry domains joined their expertise to address three critical challenges: (1) how to adapt genetic resources conservation strategies to climate change, (2) how to promote in situ conservation strategies and (3) how can genetic resources conservation contribute to and benefit from agroecological systems. We present here 31 evidence-based statements and 88 key recommendations elaborated around these questions for policymakers, conservation actors and the scientific community. We anticipate that stakeholders in other genetic resources domains and biodiversity conservation actors across the globe will have interest in these crosscutting and multi-actor recommendations, which support several biodiversity conservation policies and practices.
Ključne besede: agroecology, climate change, in situ conservation, multi-actor engagement, policy
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 11.03.2024; Ogledov: 357; Prenosov: 163
.pdf Celotno besedilo (666,43 KB)
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Monitoring of species’ genetic diversity in Europe varies greatly and overlooks potential climate change impacts
Peter Pearman, Olivier Broennimann, Tsipe Aavik, Tamer Albayrak, Paulo Célio Alves, Filipos Aravanopoulos, Laura Bertola, Aleksandra Biedrzycka, Elena Bužan, Vlatka Čubrić Čurik, Katja Kavčič Sonnenschein, Marjana Westergren, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Genetic monitoring of populations currently attracts interest in the context of the Convention on Biological Diversity but needs long-term planning and investments. However, genetic diversity has been largely neglected in biodiversity monitoring, and when addressed, it is treated separately, detached from other conservation issues, such as habitat alteration due to climate change. We report an accounting of efforts to monitor population genetic diversity in Europe (genetic monitoring effort, GME), the evaluation of which can help guide future capacity building and collaboration towards areas most in need of expanded monitoring. Overlaying GME with areas where the ranges of selected species of conservation interest approach current and future climate niche limits helps identify whether GME coincides with anticipated climate change effects on biodiversity. Our analysis suggests that country area, financial resources and conservation policy influence GME, high values of which only partially match species’ joint patterns of limits to suitable climatic conditions. Populations at trailing climatic niche margins probably hold genetic diversity that is important for adaptation to changing climate. Our results illuminate the need in Europe for expanded investment in genetic monitoring across climate gradients occupied by focal species, a need arguably greatest in southeastern European countries. This need could be met in part by expanding the European Union’s Birds and Habitats Directives to fully address the conservation and monitoring of genetic diversity.
Ključne besede: genetics, monitoring, population genetic diversity, Europe
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 22.01.2024; Ogledov: 379; Prenosov: 232
.pdf Celotno besedilo (7,59 MB)
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Perspektive obnove slovenskih gozdov v času podnebnih in družbenih sprememb
Boris Rantaša, Franc Perko, Gregor Božič, Marjana Westergren, Primož Simončič, Hojka Kraigher, 2023, strokovni članek

Povzetek: Trajnostno, sonaravno in večnamensko gospodarjenje s slovenskimi gozdovi je omogočilo ohranjeno biotsko raznovrstnost, ohranjen prilagoditveni potencial ter velik povprečni prirastek in lesno zalogo. Za trajnostno zagotavljanje funkcij gozdov bo potrebno prilagajanje na spreminjajoče se podnebne in družbene razmere. Osrednji ukrep prilagajanja gozdov na podnebne spremembe je povečevanje pestrosti, tudi genetske. Praktično vsi področni strateški, zakonodajni ter operativni dokumenti na nacionalni in evropski ravni prepoznavajo in vsebujejo pomen ohranjanja gozdnih genskih virov in obnove ter nege gozda za trajnostni razvoj in zagotavljanje funkcij gozdov. Gospodarjenje z gozdovi bo treba nadgraditi z ukrepi, ki vključujejo aktiven pristop pri obnovi in negi gozda s čim širšo paleto vrstno in genetsko raznolikih sadik gozdnih drevesnih vrst. V obdobju 2023–2026 bo za obnovo gozdov in semenarsko ter drevesničarsko dejavnost na letni ravni potencialno namenjenih pribl. pet milijonov evrov javnih sredstev. Za obnovo in nego gozda bo nujno zagotoviti stabilno in fleksibilno financiranje zagotavljanja gozdnega reprodukcijskega materiala ter izvedbo obnove gozda in razvoja panoge. Avtorji poudarjajo tudi pomen sodelovanja in skupnega nastopa različnih deležnikov v celotni verigi gozdnega reprodukcijskega materiala.
Ključne besede: obnova gozdov, podnebne spremembe, družbene spremembe, zakonodaja, strategije, finance, Slovenija
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 09.01.2024; Ogledov: 407; Prenosov: 137
.pdf Celotno besedilo (408,22 KB)

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Tehnične smernice za ohranjanje in rabo genskih virov : macesen = Larix decidua
Jan Matras, Luc E. Pâques, 2011, strokovni članek

Ključne besede: genski viri, drevesne vrste, tehnične smernice, macesen, Larix decidua
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 18.12.2023; Ogledov: 425; Prenosov: 107
.pdf Celotno besedilo (435,03 KB)

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