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Iskalni niz: "avtor" (Janez Zavašnik) .

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Optimization method based on simplex for surface area improved photocatalytic performance of ▫$g-C_3N_4$▫
Matevž Roškarič, Janez Zavašnik, Dániel Dániel Zámbó, Tomaž Kotnik, Sebastijan Kovačič, Gregor Žerjav, Albin Pintar, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: The main objective of the present study was to increase the specific surface area (SBET) of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) prepared from dicyandiamide by effectively modifying the synthesis procedure using the Simplex optimization method. A remarkable increase in SBET was achieved in only a few steps, with the highest value of 86 m2/g. Compared to the reference material, the improved photocatalyst exhibited enhanced and unique structural, textural, optical, and electronic properties, reflected in the improved ability of the photocatalyst to degrade a variety of organic pollutants dissolved in water. By performing scavenger and spin-trapping experiments, it was confirmed that the major reactive oxygen species formed under visible-light illumination of the enhanced photocatalyst were singlet oxygen (1O2) and superoxide anion radicals (O2–•) with a purposed formation mechanism. The enhanced formation of 1O2 enabled high activity and stability of the optimized materials as well as selective response to degradation of the pharmaceutical compounds studied. By using the simple and fast Simplex optimization algorithm to determine new synthesis parameters, we obtained an improved g-C3N4 that completely degrades bisphenol A under the conditions studied.
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 08.11.2023; Ogledov: 89; Prenosov: 56
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,78 MB)
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Photo, thermal and photothermal activity of ▫$TiO_2$▫ supported Pt catalysts for plasmon-driven environmental applications
Gregor Žerjav, Zafer Say, Janez Zavašnik, Matjaž Finšgar, Christoph Langhammer, Albin Pintar, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: TiO2+Pt plasmonic solids with 1 wt% Pt and different TiO2 supports (anatase nanoparticles (TNP), polycrystalline nanorods (a-TNR) and single-crystal anatase nanorods (TNR)) were synthesized using the wet impregnation technique and tested as photo, thermal and photothermal catalysts in gas-solid and gas-liquid-solid reactions. Due to the different charges of the TiO2 support surfaces, Pt particles with different sizes, crystallinities and degrees of interaction with the TiO2 supports were formed during the synthesis. The heights of the Schottky barrier (SBH) were 0.38 eV for the a-TNR+Pt, 0.41 eV for the TNP+Pt, and 0.50 eV for the TNR+Pt samples, respectively. The low visible-light-triggered photocatalytic activity of the TNR+Pt catalyst toward the oxidation of water-dissolved bisphenol A (BPA) is attributed to its high SBH and active site deactivation due to the adsorption of BPA and/or BPA oxidation products. The highest photothermal catalytic H2-assisted NO2 reduction rate was expressed by the TNR+Pt catalyst. This can be ascribed to the presence of a narrow particle size distribution of small Pt particles, the absence of the Pt catalysed reduction of the TNR support at higher temperatures, and the lower rate of re-injection of “hot electrons” from the TNR support to the Pt particles.
Ključne besede: heterogeneous photocatalysis, titanium dioxide, plasmonic noble metal, platinum particles, visible light illumination, Schottky barrier height, bisphenol A, wastewater treatment, NOx abatement, air cleaning, microreactor, thermal catalysis, photothermal catalysis
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 23.06.2023; Ogledov: 196; Prenosov: 103
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,98 MB)
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Synthesis and characterization of plasmonic ▫$Au/TiO_2$▫ nanorod solids for heterogeneous photocatalysis
Špela Slapničar, Gregor Žerjav, Janez Zavašnik, Matjaž Finšgar, Albin Pintar, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Plasmonic Au (1 wt%) catalysts deposited on hydrothermally synthesized TiO2 nanorods (TNR) were investigated in this study. Based on the duration of mixing of the Au precursor/TNR suspension during the wet impregnation synthesis and parameters of the end calcination, Au/TiO2 catalysts with different sizes of Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) were obtained. The prepared solids were thoroughly characterized by several instrumental techniques to investigate property-activity relationships. Regardless of the size of Au particles on the catalyst surface, an absorption peak at 550 nm occurred in all UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectra of the investigated Au/TiO2 catalysts, which is characteristic of the localized surface plasmon resonance effect exerted by metallic Au NPs. By measuring the formation of reactive oxygen species under visible-light illumination using various scavengers, the production of superoxide anion radicals (O2•single bond) and hydroxyl radicals were identified, however, the former were found to represent the main reactive oxygen species that govern the oxidation of aqueous bisphenol A (BPA) employed as a model organic pollutant. The activity of Au/TiO2 catalysts for the generation of O2•single bond radicals (and BPA oxidation) increases by increasing the Schottky barrier height, which is due to the slow reduction of water-dissolved O2 on the catalyst surface.
Ključne besede: heterogeneous photocatalysis, titanate nanorods, gold nanoparticles, wet impregnation, localized surface plasmon resonance effect
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 26.04.2023; Ogledov: 289; Prenosov: 130
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,16 MB)
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Influence of the calcination duration of ▫$g-C_3N_4/TiO_2$▫ veggie-toast-like photocatalyst on the visible-light triggered photocatalytic oxidation of bisphenol A
Matevž Roškarič, Gregor Žerjav, Matjaž Finšgar, Janez Zavašnik, Albin Pintar, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Povzetek: Two commercially available TiO2 (hexagonal-like and spherical-like particles) were used to investigate the effect of g-C3N4 “melting” on the photocatalytic properties of g-C3N4/TiO2 composites. Improvement in the contact between the components was observed when they were thermally treated at 350 °C for an extended period of time (between 2 and 72 h) due to the partial melting and phase fusion of g-C3N4. Consequently, the enhanced contact between the phases allows easier injection of photogenerated electrons from the conduction band of g-C3N4 into TiO2, improving charge carrier separation. The prepared composites were tested for bisphenol A degradation under visible-light illumination, which showed that the components that had been calcined for 24 h performed better due to the improved charge carrier separation. Superoxide anionic radicals and photogenerated holes were identified as active species in the photooxidation experiments conducted under visible-light illumination.
Ključne besede: titanium dioxide, photocatalyst, calcination time, photocatalysis under visible-light illumination, water remediation, bisphenol A
Objavljeno v DiRROS: 17.03.2023; Ogledov: 368; Prenosov: 173
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,13 MB)
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Brookite vs. rutile vs. anatase : what`s behind their various photocatalytic activities?
Gregor Žerjav, Krunoslav Žižek, Janez Zavašnik, Albin Pintar, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Objavljeno v DiRROS: 05.05.2022; Ogledov: 489; Prenosov: 364
.pdf Celotno besedilo (6,26 MB)
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