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Vismodegib in locally advanced basal cell carcinoma in Slovenia
Tanja Mesti, Maša Sever, Janja Ocvirk, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: Background: Vismodegib is a first-in-class inhibitor of the hedgehog pathway for treatment of locally advanced basal cell carcinoma (laBCC) and metastatic BCC. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to report outcomes of patients with laBCC, with basal cell carcinoma nevus syndrome (Gorlin Goltz syndrome [G-G Syn]) treated with vismodegib in routine clinical practice in Slovenia in 8.3-year period. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed baseline characteristics, outcomes, and treatment-related adverse events from locally advanced BCC. The patients were divided into two cohorts: 39 laBCC or multiple BCC patients and 7 patients with G-G Syn who were treated with vismodegib from November 2012 till January 2021. Results: During 100-month period, 46 patients were diagnosed with laBCC (26), multiple BCC (13), and G-G Syn (7), all inappropriate for surgery or radiotherapy. Baseline characteristics: median age was 72.8 years in laBCC + multiple BCC cohort and 47.4 years in G-G Syn cohort. The objective response rate was 80% in laBCC + multiple BCC and 86% in G-G Syn cohort. Disease control rate (DCR) was 95% in laBCC + multiple BCC and 100% in G-G Syn cohort. Median duration of treatment was 9.9 months (range: 1.5-43.1) in laBCC and multiple BCC cohort and 19.5 months (range: 3.6-94.1) in G-G Syn cohort. Majority of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) in laBCC or multiple BCC cohort were grade 1 or 2 (96%), only 4% of AEs were grade 3. Majority of TEAEs in G-G Syn cohort were also grade 1 or 2 (87%), 13% of AEs were grade 3. No grade 4 or 5 vismodegib-related AEs were reported. Conclusion: Vismodegib has shown meaningful efficacy with DCR from 95% to 100% in patients with laBCC, multiple BCC, and G-G Syn in Slovenia. TEAEs were successfully alleviated with multidisciplinary approach and early supportive care.
Keywords: basal cell carcinoma, early supportive care, Gorlin Goltz syndrome, multidisciplinary approach
Published in DiRROS: 07.09.2022; Views: 470; Downloads: 225
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