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The role of polymorpisms in glutathione-related genes in asbestos-related diseases
Alenka Franko, Katja Goričar, Metoda Dodič-Fikfak, Viljem Kovač, Vita Dolžan, 2021, original scientific article

Abstract: The study investigated the influence of GCLC, GCLM, GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms, as well as the influence of interactions between polymorphism and interactions between polymorphisms and asbestos exposure, on the risk of developing pleural plaques, asbestosis and malignant mesothelioma (MM). Subjects and methods. The cross sectional study included 940 asbestos-exposed subjects, among them 390 subjects with pleural plaques, 147 subjects with asbestosis, 225 subjects with MM and 178 subjects with no asbestos-related disease. GCLC rs17883901, GCLM rs41303970, GSTM1 null, GSTT1 null, GSTP1 rs1695 and GSTP1 rs1138272 genotypes were determined using PCR based methods. In statistical analysis, logistic regression was used. Results. GSTT1 null genotype was associated with the decreased risk for pleural plaques (OR = 0.63; 95% CI = 0.40% 0.98; p = 0.026) and asbestosis (OR = 0.51; 95% CI = 0.28%0.93; p = 0.028), but not for MM. A positive association was found between GSTP1 rs1695 AG + GG vs. AA genotypes for MM when compared to pleural plaques (OR = 1.39; 95% CI = 1.00%1.94; p = 0.049). The interactions between different polymorphisms showed no significant influence on the risk of investigated asbestos-related diseases. The interaction between GSTT1 null polymorphism and asbestos exposure decreased the MM risk (OR = 0.17; 95% CI = 0.03%0.85; p = 0.031). Conclusions. Our findings suggest that GSTT1 null genotype may be associated with a decreased risk for pleural plaques and asbestosis, may modify the association between asbestos exposure and MM and may consequently act protectively on MM risk. This study also revealed a protective effect of the interaction between GSTP1 rs1695 polymorphism and asbestos exposure on MM risk.
Keywords: polymorphisms, glutathione-related genes, asbestos, malignant mesothelioma
Published in DiRROS: 19.07.2024; Views: 53; Downloads: 11
.pdf Full text (279,80 KB)

Evaluation of soluble mesothelin-related peptides and MSLN genetic variability in asbestos-related diseases
Katja Goričar, Viljem Kovač, Metoda Dodič-Fikfak, Vita Dolžan, Alenka Franko, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Background Asbestos exposure is associated with increased risk of several diseases, including malignant mesothelioma (MM). Cell surface glycoprotein mesothelin is overexpressed in MM and serum soluble mesothelin-related peptides (SMRP) were already proposed as a diagnostic or prognostic biomarker in MM. However, interindividual variability in serum SMRP levels limits the clinical usefulness. Our primary objective was to investigate the influence of MSLN rs1057147 on serum SMRP levels in asbestos-exposed subjects and patients with asbestos-related diseases as well as on survival in MM. Subjects and methods Among 782 asbestos-exposed subjects and patients with asbestos-related diseases, 154 had MM. Serum SMRP levels were determined using sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. All subjects were genotyped for MSLN rs1057147 polymorphism using competitive allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. Nonparametric tests, logistic and Cox regression were used in statistical analysis to compare different subject groups. Results MM patients had significantly higher SMRP levels than all other subjects (p < 0.001). Compared to wild-type MSLN rs1057147 genotype, both heterozygotes and carriers of two polymorphic alleles had significantly higher SMRP levels among subjects without MM (p < 0.001), but not in MM patients (p = 0.424). If genotype information was included, specificity of SMRP increased from 88.5% to 92.7% for the optimal cutoff value. Overall survival was significantly shorter in MM patients carrying at least one polymorphic rs1057147 allele (HR = 1.72, 95% CI = 1.15-2.55, p = 0.008). Conclusions MSLN genetic variability affects serum SMRP levels and was associated with shorter survival of MM patients. Combination of genetic and serum factors could therefore serve as a better diagnostic or prognostic biomarker in MM patients.
Keywords: asbestos-related disease, malignant mesothelioma, mesothelin
Published in DiRROS: 16.07.2024; Views: 75; Downloads: 42
.pdf Full text (640,41 KB)
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The influence of genetic variability in IL1B and MIR146A on the risk of pleural plaques and malignant mesothelioma
Petra Piber, Neža Vavpetič, Katja Goričar, Vita Dolžan, Viljem Kovač, Alenka Franko, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Asbestos exposure is associated with the development of pleural plaques as well as malignant mesothelioma (MM). Asbestos fibres activate macrophages, leading to the release of inflammatory mediators including interleukin 1 beta (IL-1%). The expression of IL-1% may be influenced by genetic variability of IL1B gene or regulatory microRNAs (miRNAs). This study investigated the effect of polymorphisms in IL1B and MIR146A genes on the risk of developing pleural plaques and MM. Subjects and methods. In total, 394 patients with pleural plaques, 277 patients with MM, and 175 healthy control subjects were genotyped for IL1B and MIR146A polymorphisms. Logistic regression was used in statistical analysis. Results. We found no association between MIR146A and IL1B genotypes, and the risk of pleural plaques. MIR146A rs2910164 was significantly associated with a decreased risk of MM (OR = 0.31, 95% CI = 0.13%0.73, p = 0.008). Carriers of two polymorphic alleles had a lower risk of developing MM, even after adjustment for gender and age (OR = 0.34, 95% CI = 0.14%0.85, p = 0.020). Among patients with known asbestos exposure, carriers of at least one polymorphic IL1B rs1143623 allele also had a lower risk of MM in multivariable analysis (OR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.28%0.92, p = 0.025). The interaction between IL1B rs1143623 and IL1B rs1071676 was significantly associated with an increased risk of MM (p = 0.050). Conclusions. Our findings suggest that genetic variability of inflammatory mediator IL-1% could contribute to the risk of developing MM, but not pleural plaques.
Keywords: asbestos, genetic variation, malignant mesothelioma, pleural plaques
Published in DiRROS: 16.07.2024; Views: 79; Downloads: 15
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Polymorphisms in folate pathway and pemetrexed treatment outcome in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma
Katja Goričar, Viljem Kovač, Vita Dolžan, 2014, original scientific article

Abstract: Introduction. A combination of pemetrexed and cisplatin has been shown to improve the outcome in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), however, there is a great heterogeneity in treatment response among patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate the influence of polymorphisms in folate pathway and transporter genes on pemetrexed treatment outcome in Slovenian patients with MPM. Methods. MPM patients treated with pemetrexed in the course of a prospective randomized clinical trial were genotyped for nineteen polymorphisms in five genes of folate pathway and six transporter genes. Logistic regression was used to assess the influence of polymorphisms on treatment efficacy and toxicity, while Cox regression was used to determine their influence on progression-free and overall survival. Results. Patients with at least one polymorphic MTHFD 1 rs2236225 allele had a significantly lower response rate (p = 0.005: odds ratio [OR] = 0.12; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.03-0.54) and shorter progression-free survival (p = 0.032: hazard ratio [HR) = 3.10: 95% CI = 1.10-8.74) than non-carriers. Polymorphisms in transporter genes did not influence survival; however, several were associated with toxicity. Liver toxicity was significantly lower in carriers of polymorphic ABCC2 rs2273697 (p = 0.028: OR = 0.23; 95% CI = 0.06-0.85). SLC01Bl rs4149056 (p = 0.028: OR = 0.23: 95% CI = 0.06-0.85) and rsll045879 (p = 0.014: OR = 0.18; 95% CI = 0.05-0.71) alleles compared to non-carriers, as well as in patients with SLC01Bl GCAC haplotype (p = 0.048; OR = 0.17; 95% CI = 0.03-0.98). Gastrointestinal toxicity was much more common in patients with polymorphic ABCC2 rs717620 allele (p = 0.004: OR = 10.67; 95% CI = 2.15-52.85) and ABCC2 CAG haplotype (p = 0.006: OR = 5.67: 95% CI = 1.64-19.66). Conclusions. MTHFD 1 polymorphism affected treatment response and survival. while polymorphisms in ABCC2 and SLC01Bl transporter genes influenced the risk for toxicity. These polymorphisms could serve as potential markers of pemetrexed treatment outcome in patients with MPM.
Keywords: polymorphisms, folate pathway, mesothelioma
Published in DiRROS: 16.04.2024; Views: 250; Downloads: 63
.pdf Full text (605,70 KB)

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