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Influence of microwave heating in wood preservation on traditional surface coatings
Franc Pohleven, Marko Petrič, Matjaž Pavlič, Martin Klinc, 2017

Abstract: Microwaves are very effective at wood pest eradication. However, elevated temperatures may pose a risk of damaging surface coatings used on cultural and historical artefacts. Therefore, we monitored changes in patterns of the original paint taken from such objects along with newly prepared coatings. We evaluated visual, mechanical, and chemical modifications of coatings when exposed to microwaves (750W, 2.4GHz), at 60°C or 80°C for 10 min. Whether old or new, only water-based coatings have proven to be resistant to elevated temperatures and no damage was observed at 80°C. Blisters have formed on layers of new oil paints and natural resins due to insufficiently cured film. Temperatures above 80°C may cause melting of coniferous wood resin and thus transport of resin to the surface; on the other hand, temperatures up to 60°C are completely harmless. Mechanical and chemical changes of coatings exposed to microwaves were not observed, but the studies showed that colour and gloss exhibited minor changes.
Keywords: wood, wood coatings, wood protection, microwaves, heating
DiRROS - Published: 03.07.2017; Views: 3765; Downloads: 2031
.pdf Fulltext (2,63 MB)

Odziv kambija navadne smreke (Picea abies) na ogrevanje in hlajenje debla
Jožica Gričar, Martin Zupančič, Katarina Čufar, Primož Oven, 2004

Abstract: Proučili smo vpliv eksperimentalnega ogrevanja in hlajenja dela debla navadne smreke (Picea abies) na kambijevo aktivnost in celično diferenciacijo. Poskusasta potekala 30 dni; ogrevanje od 29.3.2004 do 3.5.2004, hlajenje pa od14.6.2004 do 20.7.2004. Vzorce floema, kambija in ksilema smo iz dreves odvzeli vsakih 10 dni, pripravili prečne prereze tkiv in preparate opazovali ssvetlobnim mikroskopom. Lokalno ogrevanje je po 10 dneh induciralo delitveno aktivnost kambija na floemsko stran, po 20 dneh pa tudi na ksilemsko. Po 30 dneh je pri ogrevanem vzorcu nastalo do 15 celic ranega lesa. V tem času se jeredna delitvena aktivnost kambija pri kontrolnem drevesu šele začela. Odziv kambija na hlajenje debla je bil manj izrazit. Anatomskih razlik med kontrolnim in hlajenim vzorcem po 10 in 20 dneh ni bilo. Po 30 dneh je pri hlajenem vzorcu začel nastajati kasni les, pri kontrolnem drevesu pa šele prehodni rani-kasni les. S poskusom smo demonstrirali, da je mogoče pri smrekiz umetnim ogrevanjem in hlajenjem debla vplivati na ksilo- in floemogenezo.
Keywords: navadna smreka, Picea abies, kambij, celična diferenciacija, ksilem, floem, ogrevanje, hlajenje, svetlobna mikroskopija, Norway spruce, cambium, cell differentiation, xylem, phloem, heating, cooling, light microscopy
DiRROS - Published: 12.07.2017; Views: 2969; Downloads: 1201
.pdf Fulltext (1,85 MB)

Effect of temperature on the eradication of house longhorn beetle larvae in wood by microwave treatment
Franc Pohleven, Martin Klinc, 2017

Abstract: In repressive protection of cultural/historical woodwork, microwaves have many advantages over conventional heating. The research%s objective was to examine conditions for eradication of house longhorn beetle larvae (Hylotrupes bajulus) in spruce wood (Picea abies) using microwaves. Larvae, inserted at different depths of spruce blocks containing 12% and 42% of moisture, were exposed to microwaves. Two apparatuses were used; a 750W commercial microwave chamber and a newly developed horn antenna microwave device with the power of 800W and a frequency of 2.45GHz, for targeted radiation. We discovered that the inner part of wood warmed up quicker than the surface heated to 65°C. For successful suppression larvae in the wood need to be heated to 54.5°C, for 10 seconds. The necessary exposure time increases with increasing thickness of wood. The surface of wood containing more moisture is heated quicker, but increased moisture slows down the penetration of microwaves into the wood specimen. Therefore, larvae in wood of lower moisture (12%) died faster, both those 20mm under surface (1.5min) and those at 130 mm of depth (10.5min).
Keywords: wooden objects, repressive wood protection, microwaves, heating, wood moisture content, house longhorn beetle, Hylotrupes bajulus
DiRROS - Published: 25.10.2017; Views: 3194; Downloads: 1716
.pdf Fulltext (1,52 MB)

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