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Query: "keywords" (covid-19) .

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1.
Dreams, sleep quality, and collective trauma : an investigation of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic
Carmela Mento, Maria Catena Silvestri, Amelia Rizzo, Clara Lombardo, Hadipour Lakmesani Abed, Ferdinando Testa, Kelly Bulkeley, Toshio Kawai, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: The aim of the current study was to explore the impact of the CoVID-19 out-break on the dreams of a group of Italian participants. a total of 403 individuals were recruited online through a cross-sectional survey on Moodle. The qualitati-ve content of their dreams was analysed using the Dream Interview (TKYDQ), a tool created by Bulkeley. In addition, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess the quantitative aspects of dreams. from the results of our stu-dy, three macro-categories of content in the participants' dreams were identified: 1) dreams with phobic content; 2) dreams with a persecutory theme and 3) “old normal” dreams. Moreover, some sleep-related difficulties such as problems falling asleep and mild clinical sleep disorders were identified in the sample. The pro-longed quarantine and the lifestyle adopted during the pandemic have intensely influenced our dream activities, and it seems that CoVID-19 has already entered our collective unconscious in a symbolic way and through the processing of images and scenes related to the epidemic. The study, therefore, aims to explore how cata-strophic events affect mental health, specifically sleep quality and dream content.
Keywords: dreams, sleep, collective trauma, COVID-19, pandemic
Published in DiRROS: 13.05.2024; Views: 106; Downloads: 85
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2.
Incidenca raka v prvem letu epidemije covida-19
Vesna Zadnik, Tina Žagar, Nika Bric, Mojca Birk, Amela Duratović Konjević, Ana Mihor, Katarina Lokar, Sonja Tomšič, 2023, professional article

Abstract: Uvod: Število novih diagnoz raka (incidenca) se v Sloveniji v zadnjem desetletju povečuje za povprečno 1,6 % na leto. V letu 2020, prvem letu omejitvenih ukrepov zaradi epidemije covida19, smo s platformo OnKOvid predvideli 3–8-odstotni padec novih diagnoz raka. Namen je predstaviti uradno incidenco raka za Slovenijo za leto 2020 in ugotoviti, kolikšen je bil dejansko manko novih diagnoz raka. Metode: V Registru raka Republike Slovenije smo v skladu z mednarodnimi pravili registrirali vse nove primere raka pri prebivalcih s stalnim prebivališčem v Sloveniji. Primerjali smo jih z registrirano incidenco za 2019, modelno incidenco za 2020, preliminarnimi rezultati OnKovida in dostopnimi rezultati incidence iz registrov raka iz drugih držav. Rezultati: V letu 2020 je za rakom zbolelo 15.096 oseb v Sloveniji (7.034 žensk, 8.002 moška). Glede na modelno oceno incidence za leto 2020 gre za manko 1.854 oseb (10,9 %; 11,6 % žensk, 10,4 % moških). Pri tem je za 10,5 % manj ugotovljenih rakov v omejenem stadiju, najbolj izrazito v starosti 50–69 let (za 13,2 %). Upad je primerljiv s poročili iz Anglije, ZDA in Kanade ter deloma večji kot na Škotskem in Švedskem. Najbolj izrazit upad novih diagnoz raka ugotavljamo pri nemelanomskem kožnem raku (23 %, najbolj po 50. letu), raku prostate (15,9 %, najbolj v omejenem stadiju), pljučnem raku (8,9 %, 60–64 let, v razširjenem stadiju), raku dojk (8,3 %, 45–64 let), ne-Hodgkinovem limfomu (9 %) in levkemijah (11,6 %). Pri kožnem melanomu, raku debelega črevesa in danke ni bilo primanjkljaja. Zaključek: Upad incidence raka v letu 2020 gre verjetno na račun omejitvenih ukrepov, reorganizacije zdravstva in z zdravjem povezanega vedenja med epidemijo covida-19, beležijo jo v več državah. Med epidemijami je potrebno nemoteno izvajanje onkologije.
Keywords: rak, incidenca, register raka, epidemija, covid-19
Published in DiRROS: 26.02.2024; Views: 229; Downloads: 51
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3.
Environmental hazard of polypropylene microplastics from disposable medical masks : acute toxicity towards Daphnia magna and current knowledge on other polypropylene microplastics
Anita Jemec Kokalj, Andraž Dolar, Damjana Drobne, Marjan Marinšek, Matej Dolenec, Luka Škrlep, Gregor Strmljan, Branka Mušič, Andrijana Sever Škapin, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the use of disposable plastics, including medical masks, which have become a necessity in our daily lives. As these are often improperly disposed of, they represent an important potential source of microplastics in the environment. We prepared microplastics from polypropylene medical masks and characterised their size, shape, organic chemical leaching, and acute toxicity to the planktonic crustacean Daphnia magna. The three layers of the masks were separately milled and characterised. Each of the inner frontal, middle filtering, and outer layers yielded different types of microplastics: fibres were obtained from the inner and outer layer, but irregular fragments from the middle layer. The shape of the obtained microplastics differed from the initial fibrous structure of the intact medical mask layers, which indicates that the material is deformed during cryo-milling. The chemical compositions of plastics-associated chemicals also varied between the different layers. Typically, the inner layer contained more chemicals related to antimicrobial function and flavouring. The other two layers also contained antioxidants and their degradation products, plasticisers, cross-linking agents, antistatic agents, lubricants, and non-ionic surfactants. An acute study with D. magna showed that these microplastics do not cause immobility but do physically interact with the daphnids. Further long-term studies with these microplastics are needed using a suite of test organisms. Indeed, studies with other polypropylene microplastics have shown numerous adverse effects on other organisms at concentrations that have already been reported in the environment. Further efforts should be made to investigate the environmental hazards of polypropylene microplastics from medical masks and how to handle this new source of environmental burden.
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, plastics-associated chemicals, Daphnia magna, fibres, fragments, nanofibres, polypropylene microplastics, single-use plastic
Published in DiRROS: 05.05.2023; Views: 414; Downloads: 264
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4.
Body mass index changes in children and adolescents with intelectual disability during the COVID-19 pandemic
Nika Šuc, Blaž Lešnik, 2022, original scientific article

Keywords: sport, body mass index, youth with intellectual disability, COVID-19, pandemic
Published in DiRROS: 03.03.2023; Views: 432; Downloads: 310
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5.
Editorial
Saša Pišot, 2021, preface, editorial, afterword

Keywords: sport, kinesiology, pandemics, coronavirus, Covid-19, restricitive measures, research
Published in DiRROS: 02.03.2023; Views: 435; Downloads: 202
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6.
How well did the healthcare system respond to the healthcare needs of older people with and without dementia during the COVID-19 pandemic : the perception of healthcare providers and older people from the SI4CARE Project in the ADRION Region
Stella Fragkiadaki, Dionysia Kontaxopolou, Darja Šemrov, Simon Colnar, Mitja Luštrek, Bojan Blažica, Vlado Dimovski, Sokratis G. Papageorgiou, 2023, original scientific article

Abstract: One major challenge during the COVID-19 pandemic was the limited accessibility to healthcare facilities, especially for the older population. The aim of the current study was the exploration of the extent to which the healthcare systems responded to the healthcare needs of the older people with or without cognitive impairment and their caregivers in the Adrion/Ionian region. Data were collected through e-questionnaires regarding the adequacy of the healthcare system and were anonymously administered to older individuals and stakeholder providers in the following countries: Slovenia, Italy (Calabria), Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia. Overall, 722 older people and 267 healthcare stakeholders participated in the study. During the COVID-19 pandemic, both healthcare stakeholders and the older population claimed that the healthcare needs of the older people and their caregivers increased dramatically in all countries, especially in Italy (Calabria), Croatia and BiH. According to our results, countries from the Adrion/Ionian regions faced significant challenges to adjust to the special needs of the older people during the COVID-19 pandemic, which was possibly due to limited accessibility opportunities to healthcare facilities. These results highlight the need for the development of alternative ways of providing medical assistance and supervision when in-person care is not possible.
Keywords: healthcare system responses, COVID-19 pandemic, older people, cognitive impairment, dementia, caregivers, telemedicine, healthcare challenges, accessibility, Slovenia, Italy, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Montenegro
Published in DiRROS: 01.02.2023; Views: 674; Downloads: 287
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7.
Rak jajčnikov - novosti : ginekološki simpozij
2022, proceedings of peer-reviewed scientific conference contributions (domestic conferences)

Abstract: Rak jajčnikov je najpogostejši vzrok smrti pri ženskah, ki zbolijo za ginekološkimi raki. Za večino obolelih z napredovalim rakom je bolezen usodna. Razlog za to je slaba prepoznavnost bolezni v zgodnjih stadijih, ko je zdravljenje učinkovito.
Keywords: ginekološki raki, klinična slika, laparoskopija, sledenje pacientov, etiologija, imunoterapija, intraperitonealna kemoterapija, COVID-19, zborniki, elektronske knjige
Published in DiRROS: 04.01.2023; Views: 622; Downloads: 297
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