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Query: "keywords" (Capreolus capreolus L.) .

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1.
Pan-European phylogeography of the European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus)
Kamila Plis, Magdalena Niedziałkowska, Tomasz Borowik, Johannes Lang, Mike Heddergott, Juha Tiainen, Aleksey Bunevich, Nikica Šprem, Ladislav Paule, Aleksey A. Danilkin, Marina Kholodova, Elena Zvychaynaya, Nadezhda Kashinina, Boštjan Pokorny, Katarina Flajšman, 2022, original scientific article

Abstract: To provide the most comprehensive picture of species phylogeny and phylogeography of European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), we analyzed mtDNA control region (610 bp) of 1469 samples of roe deer from Central and Eastern Europe and included into the analyses additional 1541 mtDNA sequences from GenBank from other regions of the continent. We detected two mtDNA lineages of the species: European and Siberian (an introgression of C. pygargus mtDNA into C. capreolus). The Siberian lineage was most frequent in the eastern part of the continent and declined toward Central Europe. The European lineage contained three clades (Central, Eastern, and Western) composed of several haplogroups, many of which were separated in space. The Western clade appeared to have a discontinuous range from Portugal to Russia. Most of the haplogroups in the Central and the Eastern clades were under expansion during the Weichselian glacial period before the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), while the expansion time of the Western clade overlapped with the Eemian interglacial. The high genetic diversity of extant roe deer is the result of their survival during the LGM probably in a large, contiguous range spanning from the Iberian Peninsula to the Caucasus Mts and in two northern refugia.
Keywords: Capreolus capreolus, expansion, mitochondrial DNA, the Last Glacial Maximum refugia, the Quaternary history, Phylogenetics
Published in DiRROS: 26.05.2022; Views: 111; Downloads: 87
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2.
Metoda štetja kupčkov iztrebkov kot optimalen način ocenjevanja relativnih gostot jelenjadi na lokalni ravni
Urša Fležar, Klemen Jerina, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: Vedno boljše poznavanje pomena parkljarjev za ekosistem in človeka ter hkrati širjenje teh živalskih vrst v evropskem prostoru prinaša potrebo po nadgrajevanju in izpopolnjevanju načinov njihovega upravljanja. V Sloveniji se je v zadnjih letih zaradi stopnjevanja konfliktov interesov gozdarske, lovske in kmetijske stroke pojavila potreba po natančnejšem poznavanju številčnosti domorodnih vrst parkljarjev, še posebno jelenjadi (Cervus elaphus). V tem prispevku smo opredelili metodo štetja kupčkov iztrebkov s predhodnim čiščenjem kot najbolj optimalno metodo za ugotavljanje lokalnih gostot jelenjadi in podrobno razložili metodološke korake za uspešno načrtovanje in izvedbo metode na terenu. Zaključili smo s primerom izvedbe metode v LPN Kompas Peskovci in predstavili rezultate gostot jelenjadi in srnjadi (Capreolus capreolus) na omenjenem območju, pridobljenimi z metodo štetja kupčkov iztrebkov.
Keywords: prostoživeči parkljarji, jelenjad, Cervus elaphus, srnjad, Capreolus capreolus, štetje kupčkov iztrebkov, upravljanje prostoživečih živali, monitoring, LPN Kompas Peskovc
Published in DiRROS: 14.12.2020; Views: 924; Downloads: 322
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3.
Capital-income breeding in male ungulates : causes and consequences of strategy differences among species
Marco Apollonio, Enrico Merli, Roberta Chirichella, Boštjan Pokorny, Ajša Alagić, Katarina Flajšman, Philip A. Stephens, 2020, original scientific article

Abstract: The capital and income breeding concept links energy resources used during reproduction to the timing of their acquisition. During reproduction, capital breeders rely on resources gained previously and accumulated for reproductive investment. By contrast, income breeders use mainly resources collected during the period of reproductive activity. Most commonly, this concept is applied to females; relatively few studies have considered males. Moreover, there has been little attention to the link between the capital-income divide and other aspects of mating strategy. We studied adult males of three wild ungulates with different levels of polygyny. A large dataset (4,264 red deer, 53,619 roe deer, and 13,537 Alpine chamois, respectively) was obtained during 2007-2017 in the whole territory of Slovenia and in the Trento province, Italy. During the rut, body mass loss of males in highly polygynous species was more than twice that of weakly polygynous species: on average, red deer stags lost 19.5%; chamois bucks 16.0%; and roe deer bucks 7.5% of their body mass. This indicates potential for a hitherto unrecognized link between the degree of intrasexual competition and the degree of capital mating. The variability in body mass at the end of the rut was clearly reduced in both highly polygynous species (from 15.1 to 9.4% in red deer, and from 12.5 to 10.5% in chamois), but did not change in roe deer. Finally, roe deer bucks had recovered body mass to that of the pre-rut period by just 2 months after the rut, while red deer stags did not manage to compensate the loss of weight until the end of the year. We suggest that, at least in ungulates, there is a link between the degree of polygyny and that of capital breeding. Males of capital and income breeders underwent body mass changes resulting from different reproductive investment during the rut. Capital breeders lost considerably more weight, and invested a variable amount of energy among individuals or among years, possibly to cope with different environmental or body conditions. In so doing, they ended the rut with poorer but more even condition among individuals.
Keywords: capital-income breeding, male reproductive investment, Capreolus capreolus, Cervus elaphus, Rupicapra rupicapra
Published in DiRROS: 23.09.2020; Views: 855; Downloads: 509
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4.
Vplivi okoljskih dejavnikov na prostorsko razporeditev evropske srne (srnjadi) (Capreolus capreolus L.) v Gorenjskem lovskoupravljavskem območju
Miran Hafner, Blaž Černe, 2017, original scientific article

Abstract: V raziskavi smo proučili, kateri dejavniki vplivajo na prostorsko razporeditev evropske srne (Capreolus capreolus L.) v Gorenjskem lovskoupravljavskem območju. Raziskava temelji na vzorcu N = 2.196 georeferenciranih lokacij odvzema N = 42.468 živali in GIS-podatkovnih plasteh 21 okoljskih spremenljivk. Logistična regresija napoveduje, da je primernost prostora za habitat srne pogojena z vrednostmi trinajstih okoljskih spremenljivk: spremenljivke zgradbe prostora (delež kmetijskih površin, delež nedostopnih površin, dolžina javnih cest, dolžina gozdnega roba, ekspozicija), podnebne spremenljivke (količina padavin, količina sončnega sevanja poleti, srednja letna temperatura), spremenljivke zgradbe gozdnih sestojev (delež sestojev v obnovi, delež mladovij, lesna zaloga sestojev, indeks gozdnih združb, dolžina gozdnih cest). Z drugim modelom smo odkrili tudi negativen vpliv oddaljenosti do najbližje gozdne in kmetijske površine. Med kmetijskimi površinami na primernost prostora za habitat srne najbolj vplivata delež travnikov in delež njiv ter vrtov.
Keywords: evropska srna, srnjad, Capreolus capreolus, habitat, Gorenjsko lovskoupravljalsko območje, Slovenija, lovstvo
Published in DiRROS: 03.12.2017; Views: 2613; Downloads: 558
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