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Query: "author" (Felicitas Oberndorfer) .

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1.
Comparative analysis of prognostic histopathologic parameters in subtypes of epithelioid pleural mesothelioma
Agnes Bilecz, Paul Stockhammer, Dirk Theegarten, Izidor Kern, Marko Jakopović, Miroslav Samaržija, Thomas Klikovits, Mir Alireza Hoda, Balazs Dome, Felicitas Oberndorfer, 2020

Abstract: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare malignancy with a dismal prognosis. While the epithelioid type is associated with a more favourable outcome, additional factors are needed to further stratify prognosis and to identify patients who can benefit from multimodal treatment. As epithelioid MPM shows remarkable morphological variability, the prognostic role of the five defined morphologies, the impact of the nuclear grading system and the mitosis-necrosis score were investigated in this study. Methods and results: Tumour specimens of 192 patients with epithelioid MPM from five European centres were histologically subtype d. Nuclear grading and mitosis–necrosi s score were determined and correlated with clinicopathological parameters and overall survival (OS). Digital slides of 55 independent cases from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database were evaluated for external validation. Histological subtypes were collapsed into three groups based on their overlapping survival curves. The tubulopapillary/microcystic group had a significantly longer OS than the solid/trabecular group (732 days versus 397 days, P = 0.0013). Pleomorphic tumours had the shortest OS (173 days). The solid/trabecular variants showed a significant association with high nuclear grade and mitosis – necrosis score. The mitosis–necrosis score was a robust and independent prognostic factor in our patient cohort. The prognos- tic significance of all three parameters was externally validated in the TCGA cohort. Patients with tubulopapillary or microcystic tumours showed a greater improvement in OS after receiving multimodal therapy than those with solid or trabecular tumours. Conclusions: Histological subtypes of epithelioid MPM have a prognostic impact, and might help to select patients for intensive multimodal treatment approaches.
Keywords: epithelioid malignant pleural mesothelioma, histological subtypes
DiRROS - Published: 08.07.2020; Views: 1051; Downloads: 572
.pdf Fulltext (1,66 MB)

2.
Expression patterns and prognostic relevance of subtype-specific transcription factors in surgically resected small cell lung cancer : an international multicenter study
Zsolt Megyesfalvi, Nandor Barany, Andras Lantos, Zsuzsanna Valko, Orsolya Pipek, Christian Lang, Anna Schwendenwein, Felicitas Oberndorfer, Sandor Paku, Bence Ferencz, Izidor Kern, Mile Kovačević, Viktoria Laszlo, Balazs Dome, 2022

Abstract: The tissue distribution and prognostic relevance of subtype-specific proteins (ASCL1, NEUROD1, POU2F3, YAP1) present an evolving area of research in small cell lung cancer (SCLC). The expression of subtype-specific transcription factors and P53 and RB1 proteins were measured by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 386 surgically resected SCLC samples. Correlations between subtype-specific proteins and in vitro efficacy of various therapeutic agents were investigated by proteomics and cell viability assays in 26 human SCLC cell lines. Besides SCLC-A (ASCL1-dominant), SCLC-AN (combined ASCL1/NEUROD1), SCLC-N (NEUROD1-dominant) and SCLC-P (POU2F3-dominant), IHC and cluster analyses identified a quadruple-negative SCLC subtype (SCLC-QN). No unique YAP1-subtype was found. The highest overall survival rates were associated with non-neuroendocrine subtypes (SCLC-P and SCLC-QN) and the lowest with neuroendocrine subtypes (SCLC-A, SCLC-N, SCLC-AN). In univariate analyses, high ASCL1 expression was associated with poor prognosis and high POU2F3 expression with good prognosis. Notably, high ASCL1 expression influenced survival outcomes independently of other variables in a multivariate model. High POU2F3 and YAP1 protein abundances correlated with sensitivity and resistance to standard-of-care chemotherapeutics, respectively. Specific correlation patterns were also found between the efficacy of targeted agents and subtype-specific protein abundances. In conclusion, we have investigated the clinicopathological relevance of SCLC molecular subtypes in a large cohort of surgically resected specimens. Differential IHC expression of ASCL1, NEUROD1 and POU2F3 defines SCLC subtypes. No YAP1-subtype can be distinguished by IHC. High POU2F3 expression is associated with improved survival in a univariate analysis, whereas elevated ASCL1 expression is an independent negative prognosticator. Proteomic and cell viability assays of human SCLC cell lines reveal distinct vulnerability profiles defined by transcription regulators.
Keywords: Non-small-cell lung carcinoma, immunohistochemistry, molecular subtypes, prognostic relevance, expression pattern, neuroendocrine subtypes
DiRROS - Published: 27.05.2022; Views: 61; Downloads: 78
.pdf Fulltext (4,37 MB)

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