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Title:Akutni stranski učinki obsevanja trebuha in medenice
Authors:Jeromen, Ana (Author)
Language:Slovenian
Tipology:1.04 - Professional Article
Organisation:Logo OI - Institute of Oncology
Abstract:Obsevanje v področju trebuha in medenice je povezano s pojavom akutnih stranskih učinkov organov, ki se nahajajo v bližini obsevalnega tarčnega volumna. Prizadeto je predvsem tkivo z visoko proliferativno aktivnostjo celic - sluznice sečnega mehurja in gastrointestinalnega trakta, kostni mozeg in koža. Osnovni mehanizem nastanka je poškodba zarodnih celic, ki poruši ravnotežje med odmiranjem zrelih celic in nastajanjem novih. Temu se pridruži še vnetni odziv. Simptomi se običajno pojavijo 2 do 3 tedne po začetku obsevanja in trajajo še nekaj tednov po zaključku zdravljenja. Izrednega pomena je spodbujanje bolnikov k ustreznim preventivnim ukrepom. Zdravljenje je konzervativno in odvisno od stopnje izraženosti težav.
Keywords:obsevanje, trebuh, medenica, stranski učinki
Year of publishing:2018
COBISS_ID:2991483 Link is opened in a new window
UDC:616-006
ISSN on article:1408-1741
OceCobissID:65324032 Link is opened in a new window
DOI:10.25670/oi2018-006on Link is opened in a new window
Views:1460
Downloads:333
Files:.pdf PDF - Presentation file, download (90,01 KB)
 
Journal:Onkologija
Onkološki inštitut
 
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Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:26.10.2018

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Acute side effects of pelvic and abdominal irradiation
Abstract:Irradiation of the abdominal and pelvic cavities can result in acute side effects that are seen in the organs situated near the radiation target volume. The effect of radiotherapy is most potent against tissues with a high cell turnover – mucosa of the bladder and gastrointestinal tract, bone marrow, and skin. The acute symptoms are based on the radiation-induced damage to stem cells, resulting in an imbalance between ongoing cell loss and new cell production. This process is accompanied by inflammatory changes. Acute side effects usually present within 2-3 weeks after the onset of radiation and resolve in a couple of weeks after the completion of treatment. Encouraging patients to take appropriate preventive measures is of utmost importance. Treatment is conservative and depends on the severity of side effects.
Keywords:irradiation, abdomen, pelvis, side effects

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