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Naslov:Cryoglobulins, cryofibrinogens, and cold agglutinins in cold urticaria : literature review, retrospective patient analysis, and observational study in 49 patients
Avtorji:Ginter, Katharina (Avtor)
Ahsan, Dalia Melina (Avtor)
Bizjak, Mojca (Avtor)
Krause, Karoline (Avtor)
Maurer, Marcus (Avtor)
Altrichter, Sabine (Avtor)
Terhorst, Dorothea (Avtor)
Jezik:Angleški jezik
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:Logo UKPBAG - Univerzitetna klinika za pljučne bolezni in alergijo Golnik
Povzetek:Introduction: Cryoproteins, such as cryoglobulins, cryofibrinogens and cold agglutinins, precipitate at low temperatures or agglutinate erythrocytes and dissolve again when warmed. Their pathogenetic and diagnostic importance in cold urticaria (ColdU) is unclear. In this study, we aimed to characterize the prevalence of cryoproteins in patients with ColdU. Methods: We conducted 3 analyses: i) a systematic review and meta-analysis of published data using an adapted version of the Johanna Briggs Institute's critical appraisal tool for case series, ii) a retrospective analysis of 293 ColdU patients treated at our Urticaria Center of Reference and Excellence (UCARE) from 2014 to 2019, and iii) a prospective observational study, from July 2019 to July 2020, with 49 ColdU patients as defined by the EAACI/GA2LEN/EDF/UNEV consensus recommendations. Results: Our systematic review identified 14 relevant studies with a total of 1151 ColdU patients. The meta-analyses showed that 3.0% (19/628), 1.1% (4/357) and 0.7% (2/283) of patients had elevated levels of cryoglobulins, cryofibrinogens, and cold agglutinins, respectively. Our retrospective analyses showed that cryoproteins were assessed in 4.1% (12/293) of ColdU patients. None of nine ColdU patients had cryoglobulins, and one of 5 had cold agglutinins. In our prospective study, none of our patients had detectable cryoglobulins (0/48) or cryofibrinogens (0/48), but 4.3% (2/46) of patients had cold agglutinins (without any known underlying autoimmune or hematological disorder). Conclusion: Our investigation suggests that only very few ColdU patients exhibit cryoproteins and that the pathogenesis of ColdU is driven by other mechanisms, which remain to be identified and characterized in detail.
Ključne besede:urticaria, review, observational study, retrospective studies, cold urticaria, cryoglobulins, cryofibrinogens, cold agglutinins, retrospective analysis
Leto izida:2021
Založnik:Frontiers Media SA
Izvor:Švica
UDK:616-097
ISSN pri članku:1664-3224
COBISS_ID:63217155 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2021.675451 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Opombe:Nasl. z nasl. zaslona; Soavtorica iz Slovenije: Mojca Bizjak; Opis vira z dne 14. 5. 2021; Št. prispevka:;
Število ogledov:262
Število prenosov:184
Datoteke:.pdf PDF - Predstavitvena datoteka, prenos (439,60 KB)
.pdf PDF - Priloga, prenos (252,52 KB)
URL URL - Izvorni URL, za dostop obiščite https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2021.675451/abstract
 
Nadgradivo:Front. immunol.
Frontiers Research Foundation
 
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Avtorske pravice:© 2021 Ginter, Ahsan, Bizjak, Krause, Maurer, Altrichter and Terhorst-Molawi
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Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:25.05.2021

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