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The chronology of the silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) from Pohorje, Slovenia
Tom Levanič, Katarina Čufar, 1998

Povzetek: Dendrochronological investigations were made in silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) from Lovrenc, Pohorje, in the NE Slovenia. Tree ring analyses were made in discs of 25 healthy, adult, dominant or co-dominant silver firs and in cores from roof construction of two older rustic buildings from the same region using a LINTAB measuring device nad a TSAP/X of F. Rinn. We constructed the chronology of trees spanning the period of 1785-1996. The chronology of the old house is spanning the period of 1713-1852 and the chronology of barn 1745-1887. It was shown that the last considerable reconstruction of the house roof took place after the end of the growing period of 1952. The dating of the cores containining the outer ring 1887 confirmed the dating based on the carved inscription "1888". The three chronologies were joined into 284 years long silver fir chronology for Pohorje spanning the period of 1713-1996. It was compared with the Slovene silver fir chronology of the Dinaric region. Despite distance and great differences between the two regions there was shown a statistically confirmed similarity of two chronologies with tBP=9.8, GLK=71% and CDI=398. The chronologies have 21 common negative, 21 positive signature years and one common signature interval. Based on this the constructed chronology may be considered as representative for the whole Pohorje. The two chronologies are expected to be a good base to construct a regional Slovene Silver-fir chronology for dating in whole Slovenia. Two Slovene chronologies were compared with the following European silver fir chronologies: South German, stand 1993 (Becker and Siebenlist 1970; Spurk and Friedrich , pers. com.), Bavarian Forest - Germany (Eckstein, Sass 1988), Abetone - Italy (Schweingruber, ITRDB), Bannwald - Switzerland (Schweingruber, ITRDB). Both Slovene chronologies proved to be statistically similar with the two German and the Italian silver fir chronology, but showed no similarity with the Swiss one. The Pohorje chronology correlates better with both German ones and the Dinaric chronology correlates better with the Italian one.
Ključne besede: jelka, Abies alba, datiranje objektov, dendrokronologija, Silver fir, Abies alba, dating of the object, dendrochronology, Slovenia
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 964; Prenosov: 84
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The impact of business informatics develpoment on business operations in Slovenian wood industry companies
Jože Kropivšek, Leon Oblak, 2003

Povzetek: The rapid development of business informatics is greatly influencing (global) business environment formation, while informatisation of business has, at the same time, a significant impact on assuring adapted business operations due tothis (changeable) environment. Informatics is closely connected with almost every (business) field in companies. Thus, the theoretical analysis in the article shows business (and production) informatics course of development and its impact on business operations in (also) Slovenian wood industry companies.A practical analysis in those companies was made with the aid of theopinion pool method in the years 2000 in 2003. The major deficiencies were established first of all in the (contentual) coverage of business processes bythe information system. However, information technology in these companies seems to be relatively up-to-date. According to those (established) deficiencies, possible solutions were indicated to solve the current situationin Slovenian wood industry companies, which was one of the main objectives of the performed research.
Ključne besede: poslovna informatika, poslovni informacijski sistemi, lesnoindustrijsko podjetje, Slovenija, business informatics, business information systems, wood industry firms, Slovenia
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 920; Prenosov: 70
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Silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) distribution in Slovenian forests
Andrej Ficko, Andrej Bončina, 2006

Povzetek: We analysed the characteristics of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) occurrence and distribution in Slovenia using databases of the Slovenian Forest Service (SFS). Silver fir is the third most widely distributed tree species in Slovenia, occurring in approximately 40 % of total forest area, but abundantly in less than 10 %. Its share in total growing stock varies between separate forest management regions. It is more abundant in the Dinaric and part of the Pre-alpine phytogeographic regions. The highest share in total growing stock reaches at altitudes between 800 m and 1000 m above sea level, forests with silver fir cover the most extensive surface in the altitude belt from 1000 to 1200 m. Silver fir occurs abundantly in 11 syntaxes. Between them, silver fir-beech forests (Abieti-Fagetum dinaricum TREG. 57, syn.: Omphalodo-Fagetum (TREG.57 corr. PUNC.80) MAR et al. 93) strongly prevail, followed by fir forests with fern (Dryopterido-Abietetum KOŠ.65, syn.: Galio rotundifolii-Abietetum BARTSCH.40). Silver fir diameter distribution considerably varies between separate forest management regions. The regions with the highest share of silver fir (Postojna, Kočevje) dominate also in having large diameter silver fir trees, whereas in other regions (e.g. Nazarje, Kranj, Maribor) small diameter silver fir trees are prevalent. Ddevelopmental stage structure shows that in forest stands with silver fir there is a higher share of timber phase, stands in regeneration, youth stands and selective forests. Considering regeneration we can conclude, that more intensive decreasing trend in silver fir share is expected in the Ddinaric phytogeographic region than in northern parts of Slovenia. Successful regeneration due to lower red deer population and balanced stem diameter structure with higher proportion of small diameter trees promise easier conservation of silver fir in northern parts.
Ključne besede: forest stand structure, forest vegetation, altitude, Slovenia
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 911; Prenosov: 78
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The effects of habitat structure on red deer (Cervus elaphus) body mass
Klemen Jerina, 2007

Povzetek: In most mammalian species, body mass is one of the key factors affecting an individual's fitness. It is therefore important to know the causes of its variability. The present paper analyses the influences of habitat structure and other environmental factors on body mass in red deer. The research is based on data sets concerning 3,920 culled red deer from the entire Slovenia, which are geo-referenced within a kilometer spatial accuracy, and on 28 spatially explicit raster layers of population density, habitat structure variables (e.g. topography, land use, forest structure, roads) and other environmental variables (e.g. air temperature, precipitation, supplementary feeding). After controlling for sex and age of the individual and its date of culling, body weight significantly differs between population areas, most likely as a result of genotype differences and genotype impact on the phenotype, and is also negatively dependent upon population density and the percentage of conifers and positively dependent upon annual mean air temperature and forest/meadow edge density. The stated environmental factors probably influence the achieved energy balance and, therefore, the body mass of red deer by conditioning the quantity and quality of food and energy expenditure of deer.
Ključne besede: red deer, body weight, habitat, evironmental factors, population density, forest edge, conifer, temperature, Slovenia
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 867; Prenosov: 76
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Morfološka analiza puhastega hrasta (Quercus pubescens Willd.) v Sloveniji
Mateja Jerše, Franc Batič, 2007

Povzetek: Z raziskavo smo poskusili ovrednotiti morfološke raznolikosti puhastega hrasta(Quercus pubescens Willd.) v Sloveniji. Raznolikost je posledica pestrosti rastišč in možnosti križanja z drugimi vrstami hrastov. Rezultati analize so bili dobljeni na osnovi meritev in opazovanja listov, plodov in kratkih poganjkov puhastegarasta, vzorčenih v osmih populacijah po Sloveniji. Na posamezni lokaciji je bilo izbranih do pet dreves in na posameznem drevesu nabranih do sto listov s kratkih poganjkov v osvetljenem delu krošnje. Na osebkih s plodovi so bili nabrani tudi plodovi. V laboratoriju je bilo na listih izmerjenih, ocenjenih in izračunanih 13 parametrov, na plodovih in kratkih poganjkih pa po en parameter. Uporabljene so bile deskriptivne, univariatne in multivariatne statistične metode za izvrednotenje rezultatov. Analize morfoloških parametrov so pokazale značilne razlike tako med posameznimi osebki v populacijah kot med populacijami. Ugotovljeno je bilo tudi, da vrsto Q. virgiliana (Ten.) Ten. lahko obravnavamo znotraj vrste Q. pubescens.
Ključne besede: puhasti hrast, Quercus pubescens Willd., Quercus virgiliana (Ten.), morfologija, listi, plodovi, Slovenija, oak, morphology, leaf, fruit, Slovenia
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 924; Prenosov: 70
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Inclusion of consumers in the forming of wood fuel trade market on the pattern of questionnaired households
Benjamin Leskovec, Iztok Winkler, 2007

Povzetek: The research of wood fuel trade is market management oriented at household level. We devoted our attention to determine the key questions, market segmentation and market potentials. 909 households, which took part in the questionnaire and received financial support to purchase a wood biomass boilerfrom 2003 until 2006, represented our data source. The analysed pattern of questionnaired households indicates a vast unrealized developmental potential at placing additional quantities of chunkwood and forest chips on the market. Own forests still represent the most important heating source in households. Switching to wood biomass heating is practiced particularly by fuel oil consumers. Since the consumer has been placed into the centre of our research, we present some fundamental findings on product making and product development, its price, sale, promotion and management control. Our findings indicate that right business decisions and the ability to adjust to the marketfluctuation enable us good developmental possibilities.
Ključne besede: wood biomass, wood fuel trade, households, market management, chunkwood, forest chips, pellets, Slovenia
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 842; Prenosov: 78
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