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Iskalni niz: "ključne besede" (lung neoplasms) .

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1.
Lung cancer biomarker testing : perspective from Europe
Erik Thunnissen, Birgit Weynand, Dalma Udovicic-Gagula, Luka Brčić, Malgorzata Szolkowska, Paul Hofman, Silvana Smojver-Ježek, Sisko Anttila, Fiorella Calabrese, Izidor Kern, 2020

Povzetek: A questionnaire on biomarker testing previously used in central European countries was extended and distributed in Western and Central European countries to the pathologists participating at the Pulmonary Pathology Society meeting 26-28 June 2019 in Dubrovnik, Croatia. Each country was represented by one responder. For recent biomarkers the availability and reimbursement of diagnoses of molecular alterations in non-small cell lung carcinoma varies widely between different, also western European, countries. Reimbursement of such assessments varies widely between unavailability and payments by the health care system or even pharmaceutical companies. The support for testing from alternative sources, such as the pharmaceutical industry, is no doubt partly compensating for the lack of public health system support, but it is not a viable or long-term solution. Ideally, a structured access to testing and reimbursement should be the aim in order to provide patients with appropriate therapeutic options. As biomarker enabled therapies deliver a 50% better probability of outcome success, improved and unbiased reimbursement remains a major challenge for the future.
Ključne besede: lung neoplasms -- diagnosis -- therapy -- Europe, lung cancer, predictive testing
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 21.09.2020; Ogledov: 264; Prenosov: 118
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)

2.
Sequential treatment with afatinib and osimertinib in patients with EGFR mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer : an observational study
Maximilian J Hochmair, Alessandro Morabito, Desiree Hao, Cheng-Ta Yang, Ross A Soo, James C-H Yang, Rasim Gucalp, Balazs Halmos, Lara Wang, Amanda Golembesky, Angela Märten, Tanja Čufer, 2018

Povzetek: Aim: To assess outcomes in patients with EGFR mutation-positive (Del19, L858R) non-small-cell lung cancer receiving sequential afatinib and osimertinib in a real-world clinical setting. Materials & methods: In this retrospective, observational, multicenter study, patients (n = 204) had T790M-positive disease following first-line afatinib and started osimertinib treatment [>/=]10 months prior to data entry. Primary outcome was time on treatment. Results: Overall median time on treatment was 27.6 months (90% CI: 25.9-31.3), 30.3 months (90% CI: 27.6-44.5) in Del19-positive patients and 46.7 months (90% CI: 26.8-not reached) in Asians. The 2-year overall survival was 78.9%. Conclusion: In real-world clinical practice, sequential afatinib and osimertinib facilitates prolonged, chemotherapy-free treatment in patients with T790M acquired resistance, and is a potentially attractive strategy, especially for Del19-positive tumors.
Ključne besede: lung neoplasms -- therapy, non-small-cell lung cancer, afatinib, osimertinib, epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFR, observational study
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 09.11.2020; Ogledov: 172; Prenosov: 83
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)

3.
Achieving thoracic oncology data collection in Europe : a precursor study in 35 countries
Anna Rich, David R. Baldwin, Inmaculada Alfageme, Paul Beckett, Thierry Berghmans, Stephen Brincat, Otto Burghuber, Alexandru Corlateanu, Tanja Čufer, Ronald Damhuis, 2018

Povzetek: Background: A minority of European countries have participated in international comparisons with high level data on lung cancer. However, the nature and extent of data collection across the continent is simply unknown, and without accurate data collection it is not possible to compare practice and set benchmarks to which lung cancer services can aspire. Methods: Using an established network of lung cancer specialists in 37 European countries, a survey was distributed in December 2014. The results relate to current practice in each country at the time, early 2015. The results were compiled and then verified with co-authors over the following months. Results: Thirty-five completed surveys were received which describe a range of current practice for lung cancer data collection. Thirty countries have data collection at the national level, but this is not so in Albania, Bosnia- Herzegovina, Italy, Spain and Switzerland. Data collection varied from paper records with no survival analysis, to well-established electronic databases with links to census data and survival analyses. Conclusion: Using a network of committed clinicians, we have gathered validated comparative data reporting an observed difference in data collection mechanisms across Europe. We have identified the need to develop a welldesigned dataset, whilst acknowledging what is feasible within each country, and aspiring to collect high quality data for clinical research.
Ključne besede: lung neoplasms -- epidemiology -- Europe, lung cancer, studies
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 12.11.2020; Ogledov: 122; Prenosov: 73
.pdf Celotno besedilo (700,23 KB)

4.
Clinical and molecular practice of European thoracic pathology laboratories during the COVID-19 pandemic. The past and the near future
Paul Hofman, M. Ilié, E. Chamorey, P. Brest, R. Schiappa, V. Nakache, M. Antoine, M. Barberis, H. Begueret, F. Bibeau, Izidor Kern, 2020

Povzetek: Background: This study evaluated the consequences in Europe of the COVID-19 outbreak on pathology laboratories orientated toward the diagnosis of thoracic diseases. Materials and methods: A survey was sent to 71 pathology laboratories from 21 European countries. The questionnaire requested information concerning the organization of biosafety, the clinical and molecular pathology, the biobanking, the workload, the associated research into COVID-19, and the organization of education and training during the COVID- 19 crisis, from 15 March to 31 May 2020, compared with the same period in 2019. Results: Questionnaires were returned from 53/71 (75%) laboratories from 18 European countries. The biosafety procedures were heterogeneous. The workload in clinical and molecular pathology decreased dramatically by 31% (range, 3%-55%) and 26% (range, 7%-62%), respectively. According to the professional category, between 28% and 41% of the staff members were not present in the laboratories but did teleworking. A total of 70% of the laboratories developed virtual meetings for the training of residents and junior pathologists. During the period of study, none of the staff members with confirmed COVID-19 became infected as a result of handling samples. Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a strong impact on most of the European pathology laboratories included in this study. Urgent implementation of several changes to the organization of most of these laboratories, notably to better harmonize biosafety procedures, was noted at the onset of the pandemic and maintained in the event of a new wave of infection occurring in Europe.
Ključne besede: covid-19, pathology, safety, lung neoplasms, biosafety, lung cancer
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 18.01.2021; Ogledov: 91; Prenosov: 143
.pdf Celotno besedilo (665,44 KB)

5.
Morphologic and molecular classification of lung neuroendocrine neoplasms
Jasna Metovic, Marco Barella, Fabrizio Bianchi, Paul Hofman, Veronique Hofman, Myriam Remmelink, Izidor Kern, Lina Carvalho, Linda Pattini, Angelica Sonzogni, 2021

Povzetek: Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) of the lung encompass neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) composed of typical (TC) and atypical (AC) carcinoids and full-fledged carcinomas (NECs) inclusive of large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and small cell carcinoma (SCLC). NETs and NECs are thought to represent distinct and separate lesions with neither molecular overlap nor common developmental continuum. Two perspectives were addressed regarding the morphologic and molecular classification of lung NENs: (i) a supervised approach by browsing the traditional classification, the relevant gene alterations, and their clinical implications; and (ii) an unsupervised approach, by reappraising neoplasms according to risk factors and natural history of disease to construct an interpretation model relied on biological data. We herein emphasize lights and shadows of the current classification of lung NENs and provide an alternative outlook on these tumors focused on what we currently know about the biological determinants and the natural history of disease.
Ključne besede: neuroendocrine tumors, lung neoplasms, carcinoma, lung tumors, morphologic classification, molecular classification
DiRROS - Objavljeno: 02.02.2021; Ogledov: 59; Prenosov: 18

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